Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy

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United States
Crawford County

Guide to Crawford County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Crawford County, Ohio
Boundary map of Crawford County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Crawford County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Crawford County Courthouse
112 E. Mansfield St.
Bucyrus, Ohio 44820
Crawford County Website

Crawford County, Ohio Record Dates

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1908 1831 1908 1834 1816 1831 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.
  • Parent Counties: Formed from Delaware County 12 February 1820.[2]
  • County Seat: Bucyrus


The county was named for Colonel William Crawford, a soldier during the American Revolution. It's county seat is Bucyrus and was founded Founded April 1, 1820. It is located in the Mid-Central area of the state.[3]


Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties

Seneca County  • Huron County  • Richland County  • Morrow County  • Marion County  • Wyandot County

Boundary Changes

  • 1835: Six miles on the western side was added from the Wyndot Indian Reservation.
  • 1842: The last of the Wyandot Reservation was purchased and added to the county.
  • 1845: Wyandot County was formed from an 18-mile strip from western Crawford County. A 4-by-20-mile strip was added on the eastern side from Richland County.
    A 2-by-16-mile strip was added on the south from Marion County.
  • 1848: A 1-by-7-mile strip on the county's southeast was given to Morrow County at that county's formation.
    This finalized the boundaries of Crawford County. [5]

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1888) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

1831 A courthouse fire may have damaged or destroyed some records. For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Bible Records

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library


Names in Stone

USGW Tombstones

Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Ohio Gravestones

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

List and Location of Cemeteries by Townships [6]


Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

  • 1796–2004 Ohio, Diocese of Toledo, Catholic Parish Records, 1796-2004 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free. This collection includes images of parish registers recording the events of baptism, first communion, confirmation, marriage, and death in the Diocese of Toledo (Ohio), Roman Catholic Church. These records are accessed by browsing the images by county. In addition to traditional parish registers, this collection includes miscellaneous cemetery records, Books of the Elect, Professions of Faith, Sick Call registers, etc.
Finding More Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups




Local histories are available for Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local History
  • Perrin, William Henry, History of Crawford County and Ohio: containing a history of the state of Ohio, from its earliest settlement to the present time (Chicago : Baskin ; Battey, 1881) Digital version at Google Books; Internet Archives; on microfilm at FHL film 962586.
  • Hopley, John E. History of Crawford County, Ohio, and representative citizens (Chicago : Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company, 1912) Digital version at Internet Archives; book available at FHL book 977.127 H2h v.1 & v.2.
  • A centennial biographical history of Crawford County, Ohio (Chicago : The Lewis Publishing Company, 1902) Digital version at Internet Archives.

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Finding More Land Records

Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:


Seneca CountyHuron CountyWyandot CountyMarion CountyMorrow CountyRichland CountyOH CRAWFORD.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Civil War

Civil War servicemen from Crawford County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Crawford County.

- 1st Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery (a battery is like a company in an artillery regiment)
- 57th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company I
World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


Finding More Ohio Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Crawford County Ohio newspapers in online catalogs like:

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Ohio, Crawford County Obituaries (FamilySearch Historical Records)




Online Probate Records

Finding More Probate Records

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records



Crawford County Courthouse
112 E Mansfield Street
Bucyrus, OH 44820
Phone: 419.562.2766 

City and County Health Department has birth and
death records from 1908; Probate Judge has birth
and death records 1867-1908, marriage and probate
records from 1831; County recorder has land records;
Clerk Court has divorce and court records from 1834[7]

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory. Put your town name in the top search box.


Crawford county Chapter OGS
P.O. Box 1033 Bucyrus, Ohio 4482

Online Genealogy Research Groups


Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Ohio Taxation.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.


Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm


Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm


Online Death Indexes and Records

Original Death Records on Microfilm


Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Crawford County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Crawford County, Ohio. Page 540-547 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 531-533.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  3. accessed 2/14/2017
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Crawford County, Ohio County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 7 November 2018.
  5. Atlas of Crawford County Ohio 1855 (reprint) by Crawford County Chapter, Ohio Genealogical Society
  6. Cemeteries of Crawford County, Vol 3, Compiled and Printed by the Crawford County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society, Galion, Ohio
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Crawford County, Ohio. Page 541 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.