Court of the Peculiar of Bierton
Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term probate refers to a collection of documents, including wills, administrations (also called admons), inventories, and act books. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until to 1858. This article explains about probates and how to get started to search for a will.
Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry.
Step by Step
1. First search each index (see below) to help you more quickly find the will, writing down each detail cited in the indexed entry.
2. Proceed to the "Probate Records Held in This Archive" (below) to determine what probate records exist for this court. Also see "Probate Records of This Court in The Family History Library".
3. Contact or visit the Oxford record Office or, hire a professional record searcher to view these records on your behalf. Officials may send upon request a list of record searchers.
4. Visit The Family History Library, or, one of its 4,500 satellite family history centers worldwide and search indexes to probate records; then with the information obtained from the index[es] you can search more quickly the original wills and admons also on microfilm via any centers near you.
Printed and Published Indexes
Jeremy S. W. Gibson has published an "Index to wills proved in the Peculiar Court of Banbury, 1542-1858," which is available from the Banbury Historical Society, at the Oxfordshire Record Office, at the Family History Library, and elsewhere.
In addition, these indexes to the records of the peculiar courts of Buckinghamshire are available at the Society of Genealogists in London, and the Family History Library:
- Index to the wills and administrations of the Peculiar Courts of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire, 1550-1858
- Probate records of the Archdeaconry Court of Buckingham 1483-1660 and of the Buckinghamshire peculiars 1420-1660
The original and microfilmed records listed below also include indexes.
The original records are deposited at the Oxfordshire Record Office, Oxford. They include:
- Filed wills and administration bonds, 1547-1856 (very incompleted to 1660), and register copy wills, 1736-1859, filed with those for the Court of Peculiar of Banbury
- Register copy wills, 1701-1708 and 1851-1858, and administration act books, 1674-1856, filed with those for the Court of the Peculiar of Aylesbury.
Some records are on microfilm and are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City and through family history centers.
- Probate records, 1547-1858 (with the records for Banbury; includes indexes)
- Wills and administrations, 1624-1858 (with the records of Aylesbury; includes indexes)
The court had jurisdiction over the parishes of Bierton (with Broughton), Buckland, Quarrendon, and Stoke Mandeville. It was a peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln.