Cornwall, England Genealogy

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The flag of St Piran.
Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county of England and is located at the tip of the south-western peninsula of Great Britain. It is also one of the Celtic nations.

The area was first inhabited by Neolithic and then Bronze Age peoples, and later, in the Iron Age, by Celtic peoples. Cornwall is a part of the Brythonic area of Britain and became detached from Wales after the Battle of Deorham, becoming a separate Celtic nation. It often came into conflict with the expanding Saxon kingdom of Wessex, to its east, before King Athelstan of Wessex set the boundary between England and Cornwall at the River Tamar.

It is unclear when Cornwall was absorbed into England, although the Cornish language continued to be spoken until the 18th century.

Cornwall today has a population of 526,300, covering an area of 1,376 square miles (3,563 km²). The administrative centre is the city of Truro.

In the 2001 UK census, people were requested to give their ethnic grouping and were able to chose Cornish. However, the UK government has announced that this option will not be available in the 2011 census.

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  • The legend of Tristan and Iseult is the tragic story of love between the Cornish knight Tristan and the Irish princess Iseult.
  • Legend suggests that King Arthur of the Britons was killed in battle on the river Camblam in Cornwall.

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