Connecticut in the War of 1812

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Introduction

In the War of 1812, Connecticut furnished 9,161 infantry men, 137 cavalry men, and 905 artillery men for a total of 10, 203.[1]

Overall Connecticut disapproved of the War of 1812. The militia was forbidden to leave the state, and only about 3,000 Connecticut militiamen saw active duty for any length of time. In the Regular Army, Connecticut had 160 men and 156 officers. The legislature did spend some money on internal defenses, including funds for 3,000 muskets, eight cannon, 600 pounds of powder, and five tons of bullets.[2]

In June 1814, the British cornered a U.S. naval squadron in New London. Some 6,000 Connecticut militiamen rushed there, and their presence may have restrained the British, allowing the American sailors escaped overland. The British then caused about $200,000 worth of damage to shipping at Essex. In August 1814, five British ships bombarded Stonington for three days.[2]

In late 1814, the Hartford Convention met at the Old State House to draft anti-war resolutions.[2]

Explanation of the Major Record Types

  • Pearson, Thomas A., comp. Genealogical Records of the War of 1812: an Introduction and Selected Bibliography of Materials in the Collection of St. Louis Public Library. (St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library, July 2004).

State Records

  • Connecticut officers and soldiers, 1700s-1800s (Family tree maker;s family archives , Military records) no 120, FHL CD-ROM 120
  • Fredriksen, John C., Free Trade and Sailor's Rights: a Bibliography of the War of 1812 (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, c1985) pages 399. FHL Book 973 H23

Service Records

  • Johnston, Henry P., Ed.  The Connecticut Adjutant General's Report (Hartford: Adjutant General,1889) includes the Record of Connecticut Men who served in the regular Armyand in the Militiain the War of 1812].  Name, rank, date of muster, regiment or organization, and remarks are given for officers and enlisted men in the regular Army. For the Militia an alphabetical list of names, with rank, place of service, commander, and period of service are given. Digital version at Internet Archives. Also available as Connecticut Adjutant General, Records of Service of Connecticut Men in the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War (Hartford, Connecticut: Case, Lockwood and Brainard Company, 1889) at Family Search. FHL book 974.6 M2ca; film 1036328 item 4; fiche 6046698
  • General Society of the War of 1812, The Constitution and Register of Membership of the General Society of the War of 1812 to October 1, 1899], (Philadelphia, Dewey & Eakens, Makers 1899). FHL Digital Book contains registers for eight states and District of Columbia. Descendant Members of the Connecticut Society identifies veteran ancestor by name, his rank, unit in which he served, dates of service, etc., page 155.

Pension Records

Rolls of Honor

Congress decorated two Connecticut men who served in the U.S. Navy: Isaac Hull (1773-1843), who commanded the U.S.S. Constitution, and Thomas MacDonough (1783-1825), the hero of Plattsburg Bay. Though MacDonough was not born in Connecticut,he considered Middletown his home.

Soldiers Homes

The first soldiers home in Connecticut was founded on July 4, 1864. It was called Fitch's Home for Soldiers and their Orphans. Probably only a few of the veterans of the War of 1812 lived at this home.  A history of the Connecticut soldiers homes was done.

Internet Sites

  • Connecticut Adjutant General. Record of Service of Connecticut Men in the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1818. III. Mexican War. (Hartford: Adjutant General, 1880). Digital version: Internet Archive.

Other Sources


References

  1. Wesley Potter Kremer. 100 Great Battles of the Rebellion;...Also, All the Battles of the Revolution, War of 1812-5, Mexican War, Indian Battles, American-Spanish War, and Naval Battles. (Hoboken, N.J.: s.n., 1906), p. 326. Internet Archive.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Connecticut's Heritage Gateway, Connecticut at War, article by Joseph Duffy, East Catholic High School.