Difference between revisions of "Connecticut in the War of 1812"

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In the War of 1812, Connecticut furnished 9,161 infantry men, 137 cavalry men, and 905 artillery men for a total of 10, 203.<ref name="kremer">Wesley Potter Kremer. ''100 Great Battles of the Rebellion;...Also, All the Battles of the Revolution, War of 1812-5, Mexican War, Indian Battles, American-Spanish War, and Naval Battles.'' (Hoboken, N.J.: s.n., 1906), p. 326. [http://archive.org/stream/100greatbattleso00krem#page/326/mode/2up Internet Archive].</ref>  
 
In the War of 1812, Connecticut furnished 9,161 infantry men, 137 cavalry men, and 905 artillery men for a total of 10, 203.<ref name="kremer">Wesley Potter Kremer. ''100 Great Battles of the Rebellion;...Also, All the Battles of the Revolution, War of 1812-5, Mexican War, Indian Battles, American-Spanish War, and Naval Battles.'' (Hoboken, N.J.: s.n., 1906), p. 326. [http://archive.org/stream/100greatbattleso00krem#page/326/mode/2up Internet Archive].</ref>  
  
Overall Connecticut disapproved of the War of 1812. The militia was forbidden to leave the state, and only about 3,000 Connecticut militiamen saw active duty for any length of time. In the Regular Army, Connecticut had 160 men and 156 officers. The legislature did spend some money on internal defenses, including funds for 3,000 muskets, eight cannon, 600 pounds of powder, and five tons of bullets.<ref name="CT H Gateway">Connecticut's Heritage Gateway, [http://www.ctheritage.org/encyclopedia/topicalsurveys/ctatwar.htm Connecticut at War], article by Joseph Duffy, East Catholic High School.</ref> <br>  
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Connecticut disapproved of the War of 1812. The militia was forbidden to leave the state, and only about 3,000 Connecticut militiamen saw active duty for any length of time. In the Regular Army, Connecticut had 160 men and 156 officers. The legislature did spend some money on internal defenses, including funds for 3,000 muskets, eight cannon, 600 pounds of powder, and five tons of bullets.<ref name="CT H Gateway">Connecticut's Heritage Gateway, [http://www.ctheritage.org/encyclopedia/topicalsurveys/ctatwar.htm Connecticut at War], article by Joseph Duffy, East Catholic High School.</ref> <br>  
  
 
In June 1814, the British cornered a U.S. naval squadron in New London. Some 6,000 Connecticut militiamen rushed there, and their presence may have restrained the British, allowing the American sailors escaped overland. The British then caused about $200,000 worth of damage to shipping at Essex. In August 1814, five British ships bombarded Stonington for three days.<ref name="CT H Gateway" /> <br>  
 
In June 1814, the British cornered a U.S. naval squadron in New London. Some 6,000 Connecticut militiamen rushed there, and their presence may have restrained the British, allowing the American sailors escaped overland. The British then caused about $200,000 worth of damage to shipping at Essex. In August 1814, five British ships bombarded Stonington for three days.<ref name="CT H Gateway" /> <br>  
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*Connecticut State Library, [http://www.cslib.org/war1812.htm Research Guide to War of 1812 Sources], and the more general, [http://www.cslib.org/miltrec.htm Research Guide to Manuscript Military Resources], show what is available at the Connecticut State Library and contain links to relevant databases .<br>
 
*Connecticut State Library, [http://www.cslib.org/war1812.htm Research Guide to War of 1812 Sources], and the more general, [http://www.cslib.org/miltrec.htm Research Guide to Manuscript Military Resources], show what is available at the Connecticut State Library and contain links to relevant databases .<br>
  
*[http://www.1812ct.org/ Society of the War of 1812] in the State of Connecticut.<br>
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*[http://www.1812ct.org/ Society of the War of 1812] in the State of Connecticut has a section listing a few [http://www.1812ct.org/veterans.htm veterans].<br>
  
*Connecticut officers and soldiers, 1700s-1800s (Family tree maker;s family archives , Military records) no 120, {{FHL|996801|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM 120}}<br>
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*Family Tree Maker. ''Connecticut Officers and Soldiers, 1700s-1800s.'' CD-ROM. Broderbund, 2000. {{FHL|996801|item|disp=FHL CD-ROM no. 9 pt. 120 (view this copy only at the FHL)}}<br>
  
*Fredriksen, John C., ''Free Trade and Sailor's Rights: a Bibliography of the War of 1812'' (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, c1985) pages 399. {{FHL|359142|item|disp=FHL Book 973 H23}}
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*Fredriksen, John C., ''Free Trade and Sailor's Rights: a Bibliography of the War of 1812'' (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, c1985). 399 pages. {{FHL|359142|item|disp=FHL Book 973 H23}}
  
 
=== Service Records  ===
 
=== Service Records  ===
  
*Johnston, Henry P., Ed.&nbsp; The Connecticut Adjutant General's Report (Hartford: Adjutant General,1889) includes the Record of Connecticut Men who served in the [http://archive.org/stream/waroftherevolution00recorich#page/142/mode/1up regular Army]''and in the ''[http://archive.org/stream/waroftherevolution00recorich#page/780/mode/2up ''Militia'']''in the War of 1812].&nbsp;'' Name, rank, date of muster, regiment or organization, and remarks are given for officers and enlisted men in the regular Army. For the Militia an alphabetical list of names, with rank, place of service, commander, and period of service are given. Digital version at Internet Archives. Also available as ''Connecticut Adjutant General, Records of Service of Connecticut Men in the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War'' (Hartford, Connecticut: Case, Lockwood and Brainard Company, 1889) at Family Search. {{FHL|10268|title-id|disp=FHL book 974.6 M2ca; film 1036328 item 4; fiche 6046698}}''<br>''
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*Connecticut Adjutant General. ''Records of Service of Connecticut Men in the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War''. (Hartford, Connecticut: Case, Lockwood and Brainard Company, 1889). Includes the Connecticut men who served in the [http://archive.org/stream/waroftherevolution00recorich#page/142/mode/1up regular Army] and in the [http://archive.org/stream/waroftherevolution00recorich#page/780/mode/2up Militia] in the War of 1812]. Name, rank, date of muster, regiment or organization, and remarks are given for officers and enlisted men in the regular Army. For the Militia an alphabetical list of names, with rank, place of service, commander, and period of service are given. The above links are to the digital version at Internet Archives. Also available in book, film, and fiche formats: {{FHL|10268|title-id|disp=FHL book 974.6 M2ca; film 1036328 item 4; fiche 6046698}}.<br>
  
*Judd, Sylvester and Connecticut State Archives. ''Connecticut archives&nbsp;: Militia records selected papers, series 1-3, 1678-1820''. (Microfilm of originals at the Connecticut State Library in Hartford, Connecticut). Link to digital version at [http://www.cslib.org/war1812.htm Connecticut State Library].&nbsp; Index in two parts. [http://cslib.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p128501coll3/id/15170 Index Volume 1, A - J] and [http://cslib.cdmhost.com/utils/getfile/collection/p128501coll3/id/15171 Index Volume 2, K - Z] Also available at Family Search. {{FHL|105932|item|disp=18 FHL films beginning with film 3599}} <br>
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*Judd, Sylvester and Connecticut State Archives. ''Connecticut Archives: Militia Records Selected Papers, Series 1-3, 1678-1820''. (Microfilm of originals at the Connecticut State Library in Hartford, Connecticut). Digital version at [http://www.cslib.org/war1812.htm Connecticut State Library]. Also available at Family Search. {{FHL|105932|item|disp=18 FHL films beginning with film 3599}}
  
*General Society of the War of 1812, ''The Constitution and Register of Membership of the General Society of the War of 1812 to October 1, 1899],'' (Philadelphia, Dewey &amp; Eakens, Makers 1899). {{FHL|531926|item|disp=FHL Digital Book}} contains registers for eight states and District of Columbia. '''Descendant Members of the Connecticut Society''' identifies veteran ancestor by name, his rank, unit in which he served, dates of service, etc., page 155.<br>
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:''Connecticut Archives'' is indexed in two parts:
 +
::[http://cslib.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/ref/collection/p128501coll3/id/15170 Index Volume 1, A - J]
 +
::[http://cslib.cdmhost.com/utils/getfile/collection/p128501coll3/id/15171 Index Volume 2, K - Z] <br>
  
*Weed, Clara Louise, comp. ''[https://dcms.lds.org/view/action/ieViewer.do?from_proxy=true&dps_pid=IE105906&dps_dvs=1336795693220~833&dps_pid=IE105906&change_lng=en List of Connecticut Revolutionary Soldiers Mentioned in Beckwith's Almanac, New Haven 1850-1870 Inclusive, also War of 1812, 1856-1889 Inclusive].'' (Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1931). Indexed digital book identifies soldier, war, death place, and age. Sometimes mentions pensioner. <br>
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*General Society of the War of 1812. ''The Constitution and Register of Membership of the General Society of the War of 1812 to October 1, 1899].'' (Philadelphia: Dewey and Eakens, Makers, 1899). Contains registers for eight states and District of Columbia. '''Descendant Members of the Connecticut Society''' identifies veteran ancestor by name, his rank, unit in which he served, dates of service, etc., starting on page 159. {{FHL|531926|item|disp=FHL Digital Book and in paper FHL book 973 C4con}} <br>
 +
 
 +
*Weed, Clara Louise, comp. ''List of Connecticut Revolutionary Soldiers Mentioned in Beckwith's Almanac, New Haven 1850-1870 Inclusive, also War of 1812, 1856-1889 Inclusive].'' (Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1931). Indexed digital book identifies soldier, war, death place, and age. Sometimes mentions pensioner. [https://dcms.lds.org/view/action/ieViewer.do?from_proxy=true&dps_pid=IE105906&dps_dvs=1336795693220~833&dps_pid=IE105906&change_lng=en List of Connecticut Revolutionary Soldiers Mentioned in Beckwith's Almanac, New Haven 1850-1870 Inclusive, also War of 1812, 1856-1889 Inclusive].<br>
  
 
=== Pension Records  ===
 
=== Pension Records  ===
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*Fold3. [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#247%7Ch5iT6dgqRf_6__MA7 ''Connecticut War of 1812 Pension Files'']. (Free). Alphabetical by surname. Shows entire pension file for those digitized. Incomplete as of 1 Jun 2012.<br>
 
*Fold3. [http://www.fold3.com/browse.php#247%7Ch5iT6dgqRf_6__MA7 ''Connecticut War of 1812 Pension Files'']. (Free). Alphabetical by surname. Shows entire pension file for those digitized. Incomplete as of 1 Jun 2012.<br>
  
=== Rolls of Honor  ===
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=== Congressional Awards ===
  
 
Congress decorated two Connecticut men who served in the U.S. Navy: Isaac Hull (1773-1843), who commanded the U.S.S. Constitution, and Thomas MacDonough (1783-1825), the hero of Plattsburg Bay. Though MacDonough was not born in Connecticut,he considered Middletown his home.  
 
Congress decorated two Connecticut men who served in the U.S. Navy: Isaac Hull (1773-1843), who commanded the U.S.S. Constitution, and Thomas MacDonough (1783-1825), the hero of Plattsburg Bay. Though MacDonough was not born in Connecticut,he considered Middletown his home.  
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The first soldiers home in Connecticut was founded on July 4, 1864. It was called Fitch's Home for Soldiers and their Orphans. Probably only a few of the veterans of the War of 1812 lived at this home.&nbsp; A [http://www.ct.gov/ctva/cwp/view.asp?a=2005&q=290842 history of the Connecticut soldiers homes] was done.  
 
The first soldiers home in Connecticut was founded on July 4, 1864. It was called Fitch's Home for Soldiers and their Orphans. Probably only a few of the veterans of the War of 1812 lived at this home.&nbsp; A [http://www.ct.gov/ctva/cwp/view.asp?a=2005&q=290842 history of the Connecticut soldiers homes] was done.  
  
=== Internet Sites ===
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=== Societies ===
  
 
*[http://manuscripts.wordpress.com/tag/war-of-1812/ Connecticut Historical Society Manuscripts Blog] has various blog articles about the War of 1812 and records available at the society.<br>
 
*[http://manuscripts.wordpress.com/tag/war-of-1812/ Connecticut Historical Society Manuscripts Blog] has various blog articles about the War of 1812 and records available at the society.<br>
  
*Connecticut Adjutant General. ''Record of Service of Connecticut Men in the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1818. III. Mexican War''. (Hartford: Adjutant General, 1880). Digital version: [http://archive.org/stream/waroftherevolution00recorich#page/n11/mode/2up Internet Archive.]<br>
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=== Important National and International Sources  ===
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 +
*[[United States in the War of 1812|'''United States in the War of 1812''']] has lists of records, books, etc. for the United States, not just one state. The federal records are listed here rather than on each state page. Two of the most important are:
  
*Connecticut State Library. [http://www.cslib.org/miltrec.htm Research Guide to War of 1812 Sources at the Connecticut State Library] describes the records at the library that are useful for finding information about War of 1812 soldiers from Connecticut.
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:*FamilySearch Historical Records Collection On line Database: {{RecordSearch|1834325|United States, War of 1812 '''Index to Pension Application Files, 1812-1910'''}}
  
=== Other Sources  ===
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:*FamilySearch Historical Records Collection On line Database: {{RecordSearch|1916219|United States, War of 1812 '''Index to Service Records, 1812-1815'''}}
  
*<br>
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*[[War of 1812, 1812 to 1815|'''War of 1812, 1812 to 1815''']] has lists of general books and documentaries, as well as a list battles with links to web sites about the battles, and other information not tied to one country.
  
 
=== References  ===
 
=== References  ===

Revision as of 20:03, 26 June 2012

United States  go to  War of 1812  go to  Connecticut Military  go to  Connecticut in the War of 1812

Introduction

In the War of 1812, Connecticut furnished 9,161 infantry men, 137 cavalry men, and 905 artillery men for a total of 10, 203.[1]

Connecticut disapproved of the War of 1812. The militia was forbidden to leave the state, and only about 3,000 Connecticut militiamen saw active duty for any length of time. In the Regular Army, Connecticut had 160 men and 156 officers. The legislature did spend some money on internal defenses, including funds for 3,000 muskets, eight cannon, 600 pounds of powder, and five tons of bullets.[2]

In June 1814, the British cornered a U.S. naval squadron in New London. Some 6,000 Connecticut militiamen rushed there, and their presence may have restrained the British, allowing the American sailors escaped overland. The British then caused about $200,000 worth of damage to shipping at Essex. In August 1814, five British ships bombarded Stonington for three days.[2]

In late 1814, the Hartford Convention met at the Old State House to draft anti-war resolutions.[2]

Explanation of the Major Record Types

  • Pearson, Thomas A., comp. Genealogical Records of the War of 1812: an Introduction and Selected Bibliography of Materials in the Collection of St. Louis Public Library. (St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis Public Library, July 2004).

State Records

  • Fredriksen, John C., Free Trade and Sailor's Rights: a Bibliography of the War of 1812 (Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, c1985). 399 pages. FHL Book 973 H23

Service Records

  • Connecticut Adjutant General. Records of Service of Connecticut Men in the I. War of the Revolution, II. War of 1812, III. Mexican War. (Hartford, Connecticut: Case, Lockwood and Brainard Company, 1889). Includes the Connecticut men who served in the regular Army and in the Militia in the War of 1812]. Name, rank, date of muster, regiment or organization, and remarks are given for officers and enlisted men in the regular Army. For the Militia an alphabetical list of names, with rank, place of service, commander, and period of service are given. The above links are to the digital version at Internet Archives. Also available in book, film, and fiche formats: FHL book 974.6 M2ca; film 1036328 item 4; fiche 6046698.
  • Judd, Sylvester and Connecticut State Archives. Connecticut Archives: Militia Records Selected Papers, Series 1-3, 1678-1820. (Microfilm of originals at the Connecticut State Library in Hartford, Connecticut). Digital version at Connecticut State Library. Also available at Family Search. 18 FHL films beginning with film 3599
Connecticut Archives is indexed in two parts:
Index Volume 1, A - J
Index Volume 2, K - Z
  • General Society of the War of 1812. The Constitution and Register of Membership of the General Society of the War of 1812 to October 1, 1899]. (Philadelphia: Dewey and Eakens, Makers, 1899). Contains registers for eight states and District of Columbia. Descendant Members of the Connecticut Society identifies veteran ancestor by name, his rank, unit in which he served, dates of service, etc., starting on page 159. FHL Digital Book and in paper FHL book 973 C4con

Pension Records

A soldier may have been recorded in state records (see below) or in federal records (see US War of 1812 Pension Records).

Congressional Awards

Congress decorated two Connecticut men who served in the U.S. Navy: Isaac Hull (1773-1843), who commanded the U.S.S. Constitution, and Thomas MacDonough (1783-1825), the hero of Plattsburg Bay. Though MacDonough was not born in Connecticut,he considered Middletown his home.

Soldiers Homes

The first soldiers home in Connecticut was founded on July 4, 1864. It was called Fitch's Home for Soldiers and their Orphans. Probably only a few of the veterans of the War of 1812 lived at this home.  A history of the Connecticut soldiers homes was done.

Societies

Important National and International Sources

  • United States in the War of 1812 has lists of records, books, etc. for the United States, not just one state. The federal records are listed here rather than on each state page. Two of the most important are:
  • War of 1812, 1812 to 1815 has lists of general books and documentaries, as well as a list battles with links to web sites about the battles, and other information not tied to one country.

References

  1. Wesley Potter Kremer. 100 Great Battles of the Rebellion;...Also, All the Battles of the Revolution, War of 1812-5, Mexican War, Indian Battles, American-Spanish War, and Naval Battles. (Hoboken, N.J.: s.n., 1906), p. 326. Internet Archive.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Connecticut's Heritage Gateway, Connecticut at War, article by Joseph Duffy, East Catholic High School.