Difference between revisions of "Comanche Indians"

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Various Spellings: Comanche, Camanche
  
 
== History  ==
 
== History  ==
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'''1600's:''' Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, Shoshone and removed to south to Rocky Mountains.   
 
'''1600's:''' Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, Shoshone and removed to south to Rocky Mountains.   
  
'''1790: '''allied with Kowa    
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'''1790: '''allied with Kiowa    
  
 
'''1791:''' Liging in present day Kansas  
 
'''1791:''' Liging in present day Kansas  
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'''1853:''' Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail  
 
'''1853:''' Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail  
  
'''1854:''' Comanche and Kowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River.   
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'''1854:''' Comanche and Kiowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River.   
  
 
'''1859:''' Barzos River reservations abandoned  
 
'''1859:''' Barzos River reservations abandoned  
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'''Treaties'''  
 
'''Treaties'''  
  
*August 24, 1835, at Camp Holmes [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0435.htm http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0435.htm]  
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* [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0435.htm 1835] August 24, at Camp Holmes 
*May 15, 1846, at Council Springs [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0554.htm http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0554.htm]  
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* [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0554.htm 1846] May 15, at Council Springs 
*July 27, 1853, at Fo<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1264801860869_533" />rt Atkinson [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm]  
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*&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm 1853] July 27, at Fort Atkinson&nbsp;
*October 17, 1865, referred to in Apache treaty [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm]  
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*&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm 1865] October 17, referred to in&nbsp;an Apache treaty&nbsp;
*October 18, 1865, at Little Arkansas River [http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/kio0977.htm http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/kio0977.htm] &nbsp;
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*&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/kio0977.htm 1865] October 18, at Little Arkansas River&nbsp;&nbsp;
  
 
'''Vital Records'''  
 
'''Vital Records'''  

Revision as of 00:13, 6 February 2010

 

Various Spellings: Comanche, Camanche

History

Camanche Bands: Kewatsana, Kotsai, Kwahadie, Motsai, Nokoni, Patgusa, Penateka, Pohoi, Tanima, Wasaih,  and Yamparika

Brief Timeline

1600's: Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, Shoshone and removed to south to Rocky Mountains. 

1790: allied with Kiowa  

1791: Liging in present day Kansas

1700-1800: raided and roamed Tesas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and northern Mexico

1835: Texas Revolution

1838: Council House Affair

1840: United with southern Cheyenne and Arapaho  

1845: Annexation of Texas, Texas Rangers protect settlers from hostile Indians, particular the Camanche

1849-50: cholera epidemic

1853: Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail

1854: Comanche and Kiowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River. 

1859: Barzos River reservations abandoned

1864: fought against Kit Carson's men; Battle of Adobe Walls on the Staked Plain for the Texas Panhandle

1866: Treaty of Medicine Lodge

1868: December 25: General Philip Henry Sheridans fought Comanche and Kiowa- Battle of Soldier Springs 

1871- 1874: Chomanche and Kiowa wars

1874-75: Red River War or Buffalo War

Peyote Road- Native American Church- sacramental use of peyote - by 1930 half of the Indian population in the United States belonged ot the church.

1899: Oklahoma Territory ban the use of peyote.

Brief History

Reservations

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Comanche tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Tribal Headquarters

Comanche Nation of Oklahoma
584 N. W. Bingo Rd.
P. O. Box 908
Lawton, Oklahoma 73505
Toll Free Phone Number: 1.877.492.4988
Fax: 580.492.3796

Records

Agency Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-180 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number
Comanche Anadarko Area Office, 1881-1962 Fort Worth - - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Upper Platte Agency,         1846-55 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-96 - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-64 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Kiowa Agency,1864-80 Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-23 576899-576912

Treaties

  •  1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes 
  •  1846 May 15, at Council Springs 
  •  1853 July 27, at Fort Atkinson 
  •  1865 October 17, referred to in an Apache treaty 
  •  1865 October 18, at Little Arkansas River  

Vital Records

  • Kiowa Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 576909 and births and deaths 1930-1936, FHL Film: 576911

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published