Difference between revisions of "Comanche Indians"

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[[Image:Comanche Indian -Six tribal leaders.png|thumb|right|300px|Comanche Indian -Six tribal leaders.png]]
  
'''Ancestral Homeland: '''Mexico to Wyoming
+
To get started in [[American Indian Genealogy|American Indian Research]]
 +
 
 +
'''Ancestral Homeland: '''Mexico to Wyoming  
  
 
'''Various Spellings:''' Comanche, Camanche  
 
'''Various Spellings:''' Comanche, Camanche  
  
== History ==
+
==== Comanche Bands:  ====
 +
 
 +
Kewatsana, Kotsai, '''Kotsoteka '''(Buffalo Eaters), '''Kwahadi''', Motsai, '''Nokoni '''(Wanderers), Patgusa, '''Penateka '''(Honey Eaters), Pohoi, '''Quahadis '''(Antelopes), Tanima, Wasaih, and '''Yamparika''' (Yap Eaters)
 +
 
 +
=== Leaders: [http://quanahparkerchief.blogspot.com Quanna Parker] ===
 +
 
 +
=== Tribal Headquarters  ===
 +
 
 +
Comanche Nation of Oklahoma<br>584 N. W. Bingo Rd.<br>P. O. Box 908<br>Lawton, Oklahoma 73505<br>Toll Free Phone Number: 1.877.492.4988<br>Fax: 1.580.492.3796
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.comanchenation.com/index.html Comanche Nation] Official Website
  
=== Camanche Bands: Kewatsana, Kotsai, Kwahadie, Motsai, Nokoni, Patgusa, Penateka, Pohoi, Tanima, Wasaih,&nbsp; and Yamparika ===
+
=== History ===
  
==== Brief Timeline  ====
+
=== Brief Timeline  ===
  
*'''1600's:''' Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, Shoshone and removed to south&nbsp;to Rocky Mountains.&nbsp;
+
*'''1600's:''' Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, [[Shoshone_Indians|Shoshone]] and removed to south to Rocky Mountains.  
*'''1790: '''allied with Kiowa &nbsp;
+
*'''1790: '''allied with [[Kiowa_Indians|Kiowa]]
*'''1791:''' Liging in present day Kansas  
+
*'''1791:''' Living in present day Kansas  
 
*'''1700-1800: '''raided and roamed Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and northern Mexico  
 
*'''1700-1800: '''raided and roamed Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and northern Mexico  
 +
*'''1816-1839:''' Smallpox epidenics
 
*'''1835:''' Texas Revolution  
 
*'''1835:''' Texas Revolution  
 
*'''1838:''' Council House Affair  
 
*'''1838:''' Council House Affair  
*'''1840: '''United with southern Cheyenne and&nbsp;Arapaho&nbsp;&nbsp;
+
*'''1840: '''United with southern [[Cheyenne_Indians|Cheyenne]] and [[Arapaho_Indians|Arapaho]]
 
*'''1845:''' Annexation of Texas, Texas Rangers protect settlers from hostile Indians, particular the Camanche  
 
*'''1845:''' Annexation of Texas, Texas Rangers protect settlers from hostile Indians, particular the Camanche  
*'''1849-50: '''cholera epidemic  
+
*'''1849-50: C'''holera epidemic  
 
*'''1853:''' Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail  
 
*'''1853:''' Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail  
*'''1854:''' Comanche and Kiowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River.&nbsp;
+
*'''1854:''' Comanche and Kiowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River.  
*'''1859:''' Barzos River reservations abandoned  
+
*'''1859:''' Barzos River Reservations abandoned - moved to new reservation on the Washita River near present-day Fort Cobb, Oklahoma
 
*'''1864: '''fought against Kit Carson's men; Battle of Adobe Walls on the Staked Plain for the Texas Panhandle  
 
*'''1864: '''fought against Kit Carson's men; Battle of Adobe Walls on the Staked Plain for the Texas Panhandle  
*'''1866:''' Treaty of Medicine Lodge  
+
*'''1866/7:''' Treaty of Medicine Lodge 4,000 Indians in attendance; Comanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa adn [[Kiowa_Apache_Indians|Kiowa Apache]] tribes. William Tecumseh Sherman, Commissioner of Indian Affairs
 
*'''1868:''' December 25: General Philip Henry Sheridans fought Comanche and Kiowa- Battle of Soldier Springs&nbsp;  
 
*'''1868:''' December 25: General Philip Henry Sheridans fought Comanche and Kiowa- Battle of Soldier Springs&nbsp;  
*'''1871-&nbsp;1874: '''Chomanche and Kiowa wars  
+
*'''1871-1874: '''Chomanche and Kiowa wars  
 
*'''1874-75:''' Red River War or Buffalo War  
 
*'''1874-75:''' Red River War or Buffalo War  
*Peyote Road- Native American Church- sacramental use of peyote - by 1930 half of the Indian population in the United States belonged ot the church.  
+
*Peyote Road- Native American Church- sacramental use of peyote - by 1930 half of the Indian population in the United States belonged to the church.  
 
*'''1899:''' Oklahoma Territory ban the use of peyote.
 
*'''1899:''' Oklahoma Territory ban the use of peyote.
  
==== Brief History  ====
+
=== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ===
 
 
==== Reservations  ====
 
 
 
==== Additional References to the History of the Tribe  ====
 
  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/comanche/comanchehist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Comanche tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/comanche/comanchehist.htm The Indian Tribes of North America].  
 
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/comanche/comanchehist.htm Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico], gave a more complete history of the Comanche tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/comanche/comanchehist.htm The Indian Tribes of North America].  
  
== Tribal Headquarters ==
+
=== Correspondence'''and Census''' ===
  
Comanche Nation of Oklahoma<br>584 N. W. Bingo Rd.<br>P. O. Box 908<br>Lawton, Oklahoma 73505<br>Toll Free Phone Number: 1.877.492.4988<br>Fax: 580.492.3796
+
{| border="1" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"
 
 
==  ==
 
 
 
'''Correspondence and Census'''
 
 
 
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
 
! scope="col" | Tribe  
Line 66: Line 69:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Comanche  
 
| Comanche  
| Upper Platte Agency,&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 1846-55  
+
| [[Upper Platte Indian Agency|Upper Platte Agency]],1846-55  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 889-96  
 
| Rolls 889-96  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Comanche  
 
| Comanche  
| Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-64  
+
| [[Upper Arkansas Indian Agency|Upper Arkansas Agency]], 1855-64  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Washington D.C.  
 
| Rolls 878-82  
 
| Rolls 878-82  
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|-
 
|-
 
| Comanche  
 
| Comanche  
| Kiowa Agency,1864-80  
+
| [[Kiowa Indian Agency (Oklahoma)|Kiowa Agency]],1864-80  
 
| Fort Worth  
 
| Fort Worth  
 
| Rolls 375-86  
 
| Rolls 375-86  
 
| -  
 
| -  
 
| Rolls 211-23  
 
| Rolls 211-23  
| 576899-576912
+
| {{FHL|Films:576899-576912}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
'''Treaties'''
+
=== Treaties ===
  
*&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0435.htm 1835] August 24, at Camp Holmes&nbsp;
+
The year link (year of the treaty) will connect to an online copy of the treaty.  
*&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0554.htm 1846] May 15, at Council Springs&nbsp;
 
*&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm 1853] July 27, at Fort Atkinson&nbsp;
 
*&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm 1865] October 17, referred to in&nbsp;an Apache treaty&nbsp;
 
*&nbsp;[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/kio0977.htm 1865] October 18, at Little Arkansas River&nbsp;&nbsp;
 
  
'''Vital Records'''
+
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0435.htm 1835] August 24, at Camp Holmes
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0554.htm 1846] May 15, at Council Springs
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm 1853] July 27, at Fort Atkinson
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/com0600.htm 1865] October 17, referred to in an Apache treaty
 +
*[http://digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/Vol2/treaties/kio0977.htm 1865] October 18, at Little Arkansas River
  
*Kiowa Agency, M595, births and&nbsp;deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 576909 and births and deaths 1930-1936, FHL Film: 576911
+
=== Vital Records  ===
  
== Important Web Sites  ==
+
*Kiowa Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, {{FHL|Film: 576909 }}and births and deaths 1930-1936, {{FHL|Film: 576911}}
 +
 
 +
=== Important Web Sites  ===
  
 
*[http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/comancheconst/comancheconsttoc.htm Constitution and By-laws] of the Comanche Nation of Oklahoma, approved: February 23, 2002  
 
*[http://www.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/comancheconst/comancheconsttoc.htm Constitution and By-laws] of the Comanche Nation of Oklahoma, approved: February 23, 2002  
Line 108: Line 113:
 
*Comanche Nation [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comanche Wikipedia]
 
*Comanche Nation [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comanche Wikipedia]
  
== References  ==
+
=== References  ===
  
 
<references />
 
<references />
  
==== Bibliography ====
+
=== Bibliography  ===
 +
 
 +
==== Comanche  ====
 +
 
 +
*Carlson, Paul H. ''The Plains Indians''. College Station, Texas: Texas A&amp;M University Press, c1998. {{FHL|Book 970.1 C197p}}
 +
 
 +
==== General ====
  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*[http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/075.html Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75], Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
 
*Hodge, Frederick Webb. ''Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico''. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/ Available online].  
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1122745&disp=Reference+encyclopedia+of+the+American+I%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 R259e].  
+
*Klein, Barry T., ed. ''Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian''. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/317923332?referer=list_view WorldCat 317923332]; {{FHL|1122745|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 R259e}}.  
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=831087&disp=The+Gale+encyclopedia+of+Native+American%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 G131g].
+
*Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. [http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no:037475188 WorldCat 37475188]; {{FHL|831087|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 G131g}}.
  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
 
:Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean  
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:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
 
:Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/234303751&referer=brief_results WorldCat 234303751]<br>
 
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
 
:Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/255572371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 255572371]<br>
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4].<br>
+
:Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/19331914&referer=brief_results WorldCat 19331914]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4}}.<br>
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5].<br>
+
:Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/299653808&referer=brief_results WorldCat 299653808]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5}}.<br>
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6].<br>
+
:Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493742&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493742]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6}}.<br>
 
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
 
:Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/247493311&referer=brief_results WorldCat 247493311]<br>
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8].<br>
+
:Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/13240086&referer=brief_results WorldCat 13240086]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8}}.<br>
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9].<br>
+
:Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26140053&referer=brief_results WorldCat 26140053]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9}}.<br>
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10].  
+
:Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/301504096&referer=brief_results WorldCat 301504096]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10}}.  
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11].<br>
+
:Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256516416&referer=brief_results WorldCat 256516416]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11}}.<br>
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12].<br>
+
:Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/39401371&referer=brief_results WorldCat 39401371]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12}}.<br>
 
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 
:Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/48209643&referer=brief_results WorldCat 48209643]<br>
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
 
:Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/254277176&referer=brief_results WorldCat 254277176]  
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=248632&disp=Handbook+of+North+American+Indians%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15].<br>
+
:Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/256517503&referer=brief_results WorldCat 356517503]; {{FHL|248632|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15}}.<br>
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 16 -- Not yet published  
 
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
 
:Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/43957746&referer=brief_results WorldCat 43957746]<br>
Line 148: Line 159:
  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
 
*Swanton John R. ''The Indian Tribes of North America''. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/indianlocation.htm Available online].  
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=1465222&disp=Encyclopedia+of+Native+American+tribes%20%20&columns=*,0,0 FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006].
+
*Waldman, Carl. ''Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes''. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. [http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/14718193?referer=list_view WorldCat 14718193]; {{FHL|1465222|title-id|disp=FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006}}.
  
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]] [[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_North_America]]
+
[[Category:Indian_Tribes_of_the_United_States]]

Revision as of 13:45, 11 September 2012

Comanche Indian -Six tribal leaders.png

To get started in American Indian Research

Ancestral Homeland: Mexico to Wyoming

Various Spellings: Comanche, Camanche

Comanche Bands:

Kewatsana, Kotsai, Kotsoteka (Buffalo Eaters), Kwahadi, Motsai, Nokoni (Wanderers), Patgusa, Penateka (Honey Eaters), Pohoi, Quahadis (Antelopes), Tanima, Wasaih, and Yamparika (Yap Eaters)

Leaders: Quanna Parker

Tribal Headquarters

Comanche Nation of Oklahoma
584 N. W. Bingo Rd.
P. O. Box 908
Lawton, Oklahoma 73505
Toll Free Phone Number: 1.877.492.4988
Fax: 1.580.492.3796

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1600's: Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, Shoshone and removed to south to Rocky Mountains.
  • 1790: allied with Kiowa
  • 1791: Living in present day Kansas
  • 1700-1800: raided and roamed Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and northern Mexico
  • 1816-1839: Smallpox epidenics
  • 1835: Texas Revolution
  • 1838: Council House Affair
  • 1840: United with southern Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1845: Annexation of Texas, Texas Rangers protect settlers from hostile Indians, particular the Camanche
  • 1849-50: Cholera epidemic
  • 1853: Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail
  • 1854: Comanche and Kiowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River.
  • 1859: Barzos River Reservations abandoned - moved to new reservation on the Washita River near present-day Fort Cobb, Oklahoma
  • 1864: fought against Kit Carson's men; Battle of Adobe Walls on the Staked Plain for the Texas Panhandle
  • 1866/7: Treaty of Medicine Lodge 4,000 Indians in attendance; Comanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa adn Kiowa Apache tribes. William Tecumseh Sherman, Commissioner of Indian Affairs
  • 1868: December 25: General Philip Henry Sheridans fought Comanche and Kiowa- Battle of Soldier Springs 
  • 1871-1874: Chomanche and Kiowa wars
  • 1874-75: Red River War or Buffalo War
  • Peyote Road- Native American Church- sacramental use of peyote - by 1930 half of the Indian population in the United States belonged to the church.
  • 1899: Oklahoma Territory ban the use of peyote.

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Comanche tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Correspondenceand Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-180 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number
Comanche Anadarko Area Office, 1881-1962 Fort Worth - - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Upper Platte Agency,1846-55 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-96 - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-64 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Kiowa Agency,1864-80 Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-23 FHL Films:576899-576912

Treaties

The year link (year of the treaty) will connect to an online copy of the treaty.

  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes
  • 1846 May 15, at Council Springs
  • 1853 July 27, at Fort Atkinson
  • 1865 October 17, referred to in an Apache treaty
  • 1865 October 18, at Little Arkansas River

Vital Records

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

Comanche

  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, c1998. FHL Book 970.1 C197p

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published