Difference between revisions of "Colorado State Census, 1885 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection|CID=CID1807096
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{{breadcrumb
|title=Colorado State Census, 1885
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
|location=United States}}<br>
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| link2=  
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| link4=
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| link5= [[Colorado, United States Genealogy|Colorado]]
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== Record Description  ==
 
  
The collection consists of a name index and images of population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado. The 1885 census was taken with the assistance of the United States Government. The records are handwritten on pre-printed pages with rows and columns. Not all counties are available.<br>
+
{{US NARA HR Infobox
 +
|CID=CID1807096
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|title=Colorado State Census, 1885
 +
|location=Colorado
 +
| LOC_01 = Colorado
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
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| record_type = Census
 +
| record_group_nr = 29
 +
| record_group_title = [https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/029.html Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790-2007]
 +
| start_year = 1885
 +
| end_year =
 +
| micro_pub_nr = M158
 +
| micro_pub_title = [https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/029.html Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790-2007]
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 8
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
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| micro_pub_title_02 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
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| micro_pub_nr_03 =
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| micro_pub_title_03 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
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| micro_pub_nr_04 =
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| micro_pub_title_04 =
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| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
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| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Alphabetically by County
 +
| NAID = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/358 358] [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/2791166 2791166]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Colorado, United States Genealogy |Colorado]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[Colorado Census]] 
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[Colorado Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 =
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| FS_URL_06 =
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| FS_URL_07 =
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| FS_URL_08 =
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| FS_URL_09 =
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.censusfinder.com/colorado.htm Census Finder, Colorado]
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6837 Colorado State Census, 1885] Ancestry $
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.us-census.org/states/colorado/ USGenWeb Census Project, Colorado]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [https://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html Clues in Census Records, 1850-1930]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [https://www.archives.gov/research/census Census Records]
 +
| RW_URL_06 = [https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2008/fall/1885-census.html The Forgotten Federal Census of 1885]
 +
| RW_URL_07 =
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| RW_URL_08 =
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| RW_URL_09 =
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| RW_URL_10 =
 +
}}
  
==== Counties Included in This Census ====
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
  
Araphoe, Archuleta, Bent Boulder, Chaffee, Clear Creek, Conejos, Costilla, Custer, Delta, Dolores, Eagle, Elbert, El Paso, Gilpin, Grand, Gunnison, Hinsdale, Huerfano, Jefferson, Lake, La Plata, Larimer, Las Amimas, Mesa, Montrose, Ouray, Park, Pitkin, Pueblo, Rio Grande, Routt, Saguache, San Juan, San Miguel, Summit, Weld.  
+
The Colorado State Census, 1885 collection consists of a name index for the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado and images for the population, mortality, manufactures and agriculture schedules. The 1885 census was taken at the request of the United States Federal Government and with their assistance. The records are handwritten on pre-printed pages with rows and columns. 40 Colorado counties had been formed in 1885, all but Fremont and Garfield are represented in this collection.
  
For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1807096/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.
+
The collection was taken from National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) microfilm number M158, Schedules of the Colorado State Census of 1885, which is part of Record Group 29 [https://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/029.html Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790-2007]. The microfilm pamphlet is available for download from the [https://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs.html National Archives Microfilm Resources for Research: A Comprehensive Catalog].
 +
===General Information about the 1885 Census===
  
=== Citation for This Collection ===
+
In March of 1879, Congress passed an act authorizing the tenth and following censuses. In addition to the regular censuses taken every ten years, this act also made authorized a census to be taken in the middle of the decade. On 1 June 1885, a special federal census of Colorado was taken following the guidelines outlined in the March 1879 census act. The 1885 census included four general schedules: population, agriculture, manufactures, and mortality. These schedules are organized alphabetically by county and then by the number assigned to each type of schedule. Within each type of schedule, the records are arranged by enumeration district. The 1885 population schedule resembles a typical census schedule and can provide valuable information that can be used to fill the gap caused by the loss of the 1890 federal census in the [https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/1996/spring/1890-census-1.html 1921 Department of Commerce fire].  
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
 
  
{{Collection citation| text = National Archives and Records Administration. Central Plains Region. Colorado State Census 1885. National Archives and Records Administration, Central Plains Region, Kansas City. }}
+
===To Browse This Collection===
  
[[Colorado 1885 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
 +
|CID=CID1807096
 +
|title=Colorado State Census, 1885
 +
|}}
  
== Record Content  ==
+
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
  
The following information is listed in the population schedule:
+
The '''Population''' schedule includes the following information:
 
+
*Name of every member of the household  
[[Image:Colorado 1885 Census DGS AR-M355N 20100310 125623-2.jpg|thumb|right]]
+
*Relationship to the head of household
 
 
*Street name
 
*House number
 
*Full name of each member of household  
 
*Race
 
 
*Gender  
 
*Gender  
 
*Age  
 
*Age  
*Relationship to the head of household
+
*If born within the last year age in months
*Marital Status
+
*Race
 +
*Single, married, widowed, or divorced
 
*Profession or occupation  
 
*Profession or occupation  
*Disabilities
+
*Number of months unemployed in the previous year
 +
*If disabled and nature of the disability
 
*If attended school within the past year  
 
*If attended school within the past year  
*If person can read, write, and speak English  
+
*Whether can read, write, or speak English  
*Person's place of birth
+
*Birthplace
*Father's birth place
+
*Father's birthplace
*Mother's birth place
+
*Mother's birthplace
 
 
== How to Use the Records  ==
 
 
 
To begin your search you need to know the name and other identifying information such as their age or the names of other members of the household.
 
 
 
==== Search the Collection  ====
 
 
 
'''To search this collection using the index:'''
 
 
 
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
 
 
 
Be aware there may be inaccuracies such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
 
 
'''To browse this collection you will need to follow this series of links:'''<br> ⇒Select the ''"Browse"'' link in the initial search page<br> ⇒Select the ''"County"''<br> ⇒Select the ''"Town or Enumeration District Number''"<br>⇒Select the ''"Schedule"'' which takes you to the images
 
 
 
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
 
 
 
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 
 
 
==== Using the Information  ====
 
 
 
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.
 
 
 
For example:
 
 
 
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
 
*Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
 
 
 
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
 
*If they are subject to military service they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
 
*Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
 
*Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
 
*It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.
 
*Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.
 
*Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even a county.
 
*You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
 
*You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
 
*Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
 
*You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
 
 
 
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
 
 
 
*Check for variant spellings of the names.
 
*Look for a different index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
 
*Search the records of nearby localities.
 
 
 
==== General Information About This Census  ====
 
 
 
On June 1, 1885 a special federal census of Colorado was taken. The 1885 census included four general schedules: population, agriculture, manufactures, and mortality. These schedules are organized alphabetically by county and there under by the number assigned to each type of schedule. Within each type of schedule the records are arranged by enumeration district.
 
 
 
The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population of the state to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.
 
 
 
The information is generally reliable. However use the information with some caution, since the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
 
 
 
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: [[United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)|United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]
 
 
 
==== Population Schedule  ====
 
 
 
The 1885 population schedule resembles a typical census schedule and can provide valuable information that can be used to fill the gap caused by the loss of the 1890 federal census in the 1921 Department of Commerce fire.
 
  
==== Mortality Schedule  ====
+
The '''Agriculture''' schedule includes:
 +
*Name
 +
*Tenure
 +
*Acreage
 +
*Value
 +
*Production
  
The 1885 mortality schedule enumerated all individuals who died between June 1, 1884, and May 31, 1885. This schedule was to include individuals who died within the district, even if they had no family in the district, and individuals who died outside the district but had family within the district.
+
The '''Manufacture''' schedule includes:
 +
*Name
 +
*Nature of the business
 +
*Capital invested
 +
*Employee and wage information
 +
*Value of materials and product
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
The '''Mortality''' schedule includes:
 +
*Name of the deceased
 +
*Gender, race, and marital status
 +
*Birthplace
 +
*Month and cause of death
 +
*Length of time as a Colorado resident
  
*[http://history.denverlibrary.org/research/census_arapahoe/census_arapahoe.pdf 1885 Colorado State Census:&nbsp;Arapahoe County]
+
== Collection Content ==
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~codelta/database/census.htm?cj=1&o_xid=0002530104&o_lid=0002530104 1885 Delta County Colorado Census Index]
+
=== Sample Image ===
*[http://www.colorado.gov/dpa/doit/archives/census.html Colorado and Indian Census Records at the Colorado State Archives]
+
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6837 Colorado State Census, 1885]
+
Image:Colorado 1885 Census DGS AR-M355N 20100310 125623-2.jpg|1885 Population Schedule
 +
Image:Colorado State Census, 1885 (10-0176) Agr DGS 004640518 44.jpg|Agriculture Schedule
 +
Image:Colorado State Census, 1885 (10-0176) Manu GDS 004640514 331.jpg|Manufactures Schedule
 +
Image:Colorado State Census, 1885 (10-0176) Mort GDS 004640514 332.jpg|Mortality Schedule
 +
</gallery>
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
+
===Coverage Map===
 +
Below is a map of the county boundaries in Colorado in 1885. No data for the 1885 Colorado Census is available for the counties which are shaded red.
 +
<gallery width="160px" heigts="120px" perrow="3">File:Colorado Counties 1885.jpg | Colorado Counties 1885 </gallery>
 +
== How Do I Search This Collection? ==
 +
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*The age of your ancestor
 +
*The names of other members in the household
 +
=== Search the Index ===
 +
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=CID1807096
 +
}}
 +
=== View the Images ===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the '''{{RecordSearch|1807096|Browse Page|access=waypoint}}''':
 +
# Select the '''County'''
 +
# Select the '''Town or Enumeration District Number'''
 +
# Select the '''Schedule''' to view the images.
 +
<br>
 +
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1807096 Colorado State Census, 1885]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
 +
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
  
*[[Colorado|Colorado]]  
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
*[[Colorado Census|Colorado Census]]  
+
*Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
*[[Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost|Colorado Censuses Existing and Lost]]
+
*In case you need to find this record again later, copy the citation below in the [[#Citing This Collection|Citing This Collection]] section. It's always a good idea to keep your citation on a Research Log.  This is an important tool to help keep track of what you have and have not found.  Family search wiki has a  [https://s3.amazonaws.com/ps-services-us-east-1-914248642252/s3/research-wiki-elasticsearch-prod-s3bucket/images/5/50/Research_Log.pdf Example Research Log] that you can download and use.
 +
*Print or download a copy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed.
  
== Contributions to This Article  ==
+
===I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?===
 +
*Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date to find other records such as birth, christening, marriage, death, land and probate records.
 +
*Do the same for additional family members.
 +
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now? === 
 +
*Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc.  Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
 +
*Collect entries for every person who has the same surname.  This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search. 
 +
*Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images. 
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.html nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names.
 +
==Citing This Collection==
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found.  Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
;Collection Citation:
 +
"Colorado State Census, 1885." Database with images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. <nowiki>http://FamilySearch.org</nowiki> : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M158. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
{{Record_Citation}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
{{Image_Citation}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
"Colorado, State Census, 1885," images, ''FamilySearch'' (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1-14766-13985-22?cc=1807096&amp;wc=7165528; accessed 15 May, 2012), Mesa &gt; 1 &gt; Population &gt; Image 7 of 16 images, George Lewis; citing State Census, Colorado Census Bureau, Colorado State Archives, Denver, Co.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:Colorado|Census]]
+
[[Category:Colorado Census Records|Census]]
 +
[[Category:NARA_Census]]
 +
[[Category:United States FamilySearch Historical Records]]

Latest revision as of 22:51, 6 December 2017

United States
Colorado


Access the Records
Colorado State Census, 1885 .
CID1807096
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Colorado, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Census
Record Group RG 29: Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790-2007
Collection years 1885
Microfilm Publication M158. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790-2007. 8 rolls.
Arrangement Alphabetically by County
National Archives Identifier 358 2791166
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What is in This Collection?

The Colorado State Census, 1885 collection consists of a name index for the population schedules listing the inhabitants of the state of Colorado and images for the population, mortality, manufactures and agriculture schedules. The 1885 census was taken at the request of the United States Federal Government and with their assistance. The records are handwritten on pre-printed pages with rows and columns. 40 Colorado counties had been formed in 1885, all but Fremont and Garfield are represented in this collection.

The collection was taken from National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) microfilm number M158, Schedules of the Colorado State Census of 1885, which is part of Record Group 29 Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790-2007. The microfilm pamphlet is available for download from the National Archives Microfilm Resources for Research: A Comprehensive Catalog.

General Information about the 1885 Census

In March of 1879, Congress passed an act authorizing the tenth and following censuses. In addition to the regular censuses taken every ten years, this act also made authorized a census to be taken in the middle of the decade. On 1 June 1885, a special federal census of Colorado was taken following the guidelines outlined in the March 1879 census act. The 1885 census included four general schedules: population, agriculture, manufactures, and mortality. These schedules are organized alphabetically by county and then by the number assigned to each type of schedule. Within each type of schedule, the records are arranged by enumeration district. The 1885 population schedule resembles a typical census schedule and can provide valuable information that can be used to fill the gap caused by the loss of the 1890 federal census in the 1921 Department of Commerce fire.


To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Colorado State Census, 1885.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The Population schedule includes the following information:

  • Name of every member of the household
  • Relationship to the head of household
  • Gender
  • Age
  • If born within the last year age in months
  • Race
  • Single, married, widowed, or divorced
  • Profession or occupation
  • Number of months unemployed in the previous year
  • If disabled and nature of the disability
  • If attended school within the past year
  • Whether can read, write, or speak English
  • Birthplace
  • Father's birthplace
  • Mother's birthplace

The Agriculture schedule includes:

  • Name
  • Tenure
  • Acreage
  • Value
  • Production

The Manufacture schedule includes:

  • Name
  • Nature of the business
  • Capital invested
  • Employee and wage information
  • Value of materials and product

The Mortality schedule includes:

  • Name of the deceased
  • Gender, race, and marital status
  • Birthplace
  • Month and cause of death
  • Length of time as a Colorado resident

Collection Content

Sample Image

Coverage Map

Below is a map of the county boundaries in Colorado in 1885. No data for the 1885 Colorado Census is available for the counties which are shaded red.

How Do I Search This Collection?

Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The age of your ancestor
  • The names of other members in the household

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select the County
  2. Select the Town or Enumeration District Number
  3. Select the Schedule to view the images.


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.

What Do I Do Next?

  • Whenever possible, view the original records to verify the information and to find additional information that might not be reported. These pieces of information can lead you to additional records and family members.
  • In case you need to find this record again later, copy the citation below in the Citing This Collection section. It's always a good idea to keep your citation on a Research Log. This is an important tool to help keep track of what you have and have not found. Family search wiki has a Example Research Log that you can download and use.
  • Print or download a copy of the record, or extract the genealogical information needed.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date to find other records such as birth, christening, marriage, death, land and probate records.
  • Do the same for additional family members.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • Try viewing the original record to see if there were errors in the transcription of the name, age, residence, etc. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
  • Collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you identify possible relations that can be verified by records.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby locality in an area search.
  • Standard spelling of names typically did not exist during the periods our ancestors lived in. Try variations of your ancestor’s name while searching the index or browsing through images.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation

"Colorado State Census, 1885." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M158. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?