Colorado, United States Genealogy

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Welcome to Colorado,
the Centennial State


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Most pre-statehood settlers of Colorado began arriving at the time of the gold rush of 1858. They came from the northeastern and midwestern states, especially New York, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Some came from the New Mexico Territory, and a few settlers came from the southern states, the Pacific Coast, and from other countries including England, Ireland, Germany, Sweden, Scotland, and Wales. Latter-day Saint settlements were made in the San Luis Valley in the 1870s and 1880s.

The Plains Indians of Colorado, including the Arapaho, the Cheyenne, the Kiowa, and the Comanche, had largely been removed to Indian Territory in Oklahoma by 1870. The Ute Indians living in western Colorado did not give up their lands to white settlement until after 1880, when most of them were moved to reservations in Utah.

   How to Find Information about Colorado, United States Genealogy Ancestors

1. Birth Information
2. Marriage Information
3. Death Information



Extinct or Renamed Counties: Arapahoe (KS) | Broderick (KS) | Carbonate | El Paso (KS) | Fremont (KS) | Greenwood | Guadalupe | Montana (KS) | Mora (NM) | North Park | Oro (KS) | Peketon (KS) | Taos (NM) | Uncompahgre | Washington (KS old)

Major Repositories

Colorado State Archives | Colorado Historical Society | Denver Public Library | University of Colorado | National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver) | Family History Library

Migration Routes

Arkansas River | Colorado River | Rio Grande | Chisholm Trail | Old Spanish Trail | Santa Fe Trail | Santa Fe Railway | Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad | Union Pacific Railroad

Research Tools

A wiki article describing this collection is found at:

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