Difference between revisions of "Colonial Times 1607-1789"

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''[[Portal:United States of America|United States of America]] &gt; [[United States History|United States History]] &gt; Colonial Times 1607-1789''<br>
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''[[United States|United States]][[Image:Gotoarrow.png]][[United States History]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]'' '''Colonial Times 1607-1789'''
===Colonial Era and Revolutionary War (1607-1789)===
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The colonies grew from [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/300134/Jamestown-Colony/247836/Origins-1606-07 Jamestown] with the English at Chesapeake Bay to Quebec with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_colonization_of_the_Americas French]. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/02/AR2006090201097.html African slaves] were brought into Jamestown. The [http://www.nps.gov/history/NR/travel/kingston/colonization.htm Dutch] settled in New York and other areas. European colonization of North America (the "new world") was an intrusion of terrain controlled and established for centuries by [http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/native-americans-in-the-united-states/european-colonization.html Native Americans]. With the interactions of this melting pot of diverse people began the complex process of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_colonization_of_the_Americas European colonization] in the western hemisphere.
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=== Colonial Era and Revolutionary War (1607-1789) ===
*'''1607 - 1763:''' The [[Colonial Wars, 1607 to 1763|Colonial Wars]] page offers information about the wars fought between 1607 to 1763.
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*'''1607:''' [http://www.nationalcenter.org/SettlementofJamestown.html Jamestown, Virginia], the first English settlement in North America, is founded by [http://www.apva.org/history/jsmith.html Captain John Smith] and English gold seekers. <ref> [http://www.apva.org/resource/jjrc/index.html The Journal of the Jamestown Rediscovery Center] has a full text of several volumes by various authors. </ref>  
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The colonies grew from [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/300134/Jamestown-Colony/247836/Origins-1606-07 Jamestown] with the English at Chesapeake Bay to Quebec with the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_colonization_of_the_Americas French]. [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/02/AR2006090201097.html African slaves] were brought into Jamestown. The [http://www.nps.gov/history/NR/travel/kingston/colonization.htm Dutch] settled in New York and other areas. European colonization of North America (the "new world") was an intrusion of terrain controlled and established for centuries by [http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/native-americans-in-the-united-states/european-colonization.html Native Americans]. With the interactions of this melting pot of diverse people began the complex process of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_colonization_of_the_Americas European colonization] in the western hemisphere.  
*'''1609:''' [http://www.hrmm.org/halfmoon/halfmoon.htm Henry Hudson] sails into New York Harbor, explores Hudson River. Spaniards settle [http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=1447 Santa Fe, New Mexico].
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*'''1614:''' [http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/nnd.html Dutch] claim New Netherland.
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*'''1607 - 1763:''' The [[Colonial Wars, 1607 to 1763|Colonial Wars]] page offers information about the wars fought between 1607 to 1763.  
*'''1619:''' The first [http://www.africanamericans.com/CivilRightsHistoryIndex.htm African slaves] are brought to Jamestown. ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery#Slavery_in_American_Colonial_Law Slavery is made legal in 1650].)
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*'''1607:''' [http://www.nationalcenter.org/SettlementofJamestown.html Jamestown, Virginia], the first English settlement in North America, is founded by [http://www.apva.org/history/jsmith.html Captain John Smith] and English gold seekers. <ref>[http://www.apva.org/resource/jjrc/index.html The Journal of the Jamestown Rediscovery Center] has a full text of several volumes by various authors. </ref>
*'''1620:''' Pilgrims from England arrive at Plymouth, Massachusetts, on the [http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/History/history.php Mayflower]. <ref>Blaxland, George Cuthbert. ''Mayflower" Essays on the Story of the Pilgrim Fathers''. Published by Ward & Downey, 1896 Original from Harvard University. Digitized Aug 28, 2006. 146 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=nH7-nOInwJgC&client=safari Google books] As Told in Governor Bradford's Ms. History of the Plymouth Plantation : with a Reproduction of Captain John Smith's Map of New England </ref>
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*'''1609:''' [http://www.hrmm.org/halfmoon/halfmoon.htm Henry Hudson] sails into New York Harbor, explores Hudson River. Spaniards settle [http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=1447 Santa Fe, New Mexico].  
[[Image:MayflowerHarbor.jpg|thumb|center|350px| Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor" by William Halsall]]
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*'''1614:''' [http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/nnd.html Dutch] claim New Netherland.  
*'''1626:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Minuit Peter Minuit] buys [http://www.thebeadsite.com/FRO-MANG.html Manhattan island] for the Dutch from [http://services.lansend.com/Manhattan-Rental.htm Manahata Indians] for goods worth $24. The island is renamed [http://www.historyofholland.com/new-amsterdam-history-(new-york).html New Amsterdam].
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*'''1619:''' The first [http://www.africanamericans.com/CivilRightsHistoryIndex.htm African slaves] are brought to Jamestown. ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_slavery#Slavery_in_American_Colonial_Law Slavery is made legal in 1650].)  
*'''1630:''' Boston is founded by Massachusetts colonists led by [http://www.nndb.com/people/575/000050425/ John Winthrop].
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*'''1620:''' Pilgrims from England arrive at Plymouth, Massachusetts, on the [http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/History/history.php Mayflower]. <ref>Blaxland, George Cuthbert. ''Mayflower" Essays on the Story of the Pilgrim Fathers''. Published by Ward &amp;amp; Downey, 1896 Original from Harvard University. Digitized Aug 28, 2006. 146 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=nH7-nOInwJgC&amp;amp;client=safari Google books] As Told in Governor Bradford's Ms. History of the Plymouth Plantation : with a Reproduction of Captain John Smith's Map of New England </ref>
*'''1634:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Maryland Maryland] is founded as a Catholic colony, with religious freedom for all granted in 1649.
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*'''1638-1655''': [http://www.colonialswedes.org/History/History.html New Sweden] was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River. These settlers were a mixture of Finns, Swedish and a few Germans. The Swedes and Finns brought their log house design to America, where it became the typical [http://architecture.about.com/od/periodsstyles/a/logcabins.htm log cabin] of pioneers.
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[[Image:MayflowerHarbor.jpg|thumb|center|350px]]  
*'''1640:''' [http://knowledgerush.com/kr/encyclopedia/French_Iroquois_Wars/ French and Iroquois Wars] escalate to full warfare.
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*'''1664:''' The [http://genealogical-gleanings.com/New%20Amsterdam.htm English seize New Amsterdam] from the Dutch. The city is renamed New York.
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*'''1626:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Minuit Peter Minuit] buys [http://www.thebeadsite.com/FRO-MANG.html Manhattan island] for the Dutch from [http://services.lansend.com/Manhattan-Rental.htm Manahata Indians] for goods worth $24. The island is renamed [http://www.historyofholland.com/new-amsterdam-history-(new-york).html New Amsterdam].  
*'''1677:''' Province of Maine absorbed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_Bay_Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony]
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*'''1630:''' Boston is founded by Massachusetts colonists led by [http://www.nndb.com/people/575/000050425/ John Winthrop].  
*'''1670:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charleston,_South_Carolina Charles Town (Charleston)] founded in present-day South Carolina
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*'''1634:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Maryland Maryland] is founded as a Catholic colony, with religious freedom for all granted in 1649.  
*'''1672-1673:''' [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/chicago/peopleevents/p_mandj.html Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette] explore the Illinois Country
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*'''1638-1655''': [http://www.colonialswedes.org/History/History.html New Sweden] was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River. These settlers were a mixture of Finns, Swedish and a few Germans. The Swedes and Finns brought their log house design to America, where it became the typical [http://architecture.about.com/od/periodsstyles/a/logcabins.htm log cabin] of pioneers.  
*'''1682:''' Province of Pennsylvania founded by [http://www.ushistory.org/penn/bio.htm William Penn]
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*'''1640:''' [http://knowledgerush.com/kr/encyclopedia/French_Iroquois_Wars/ French and Iroquois Wars] escalate to full warfare.  
*'''1687:''' [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/yamasee/yamaseeindiantribe.htm Yamasee Indians] from Spanish Florida move to South Carolina, becoming an important ally of the British
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*'''1664:''' The [http://genealogical-gleanings.com/New%20Amsterdam.htm English seize New Amsterdam] from the Dutch. The city is renamed New York.  
*'''1692:''' [http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/salem.htm Salem witchcraft trials] in Salem Colony in Salem, Massachusetts
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*'''1677:''' Province of Maine absorbed by [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_Bay_Colony Massachusetts Bay Colony]  
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*'''1670:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charleston,_South_Carolina Charles Town (Charleston)] founded in present-day South Carolina  
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*'''1672-1673:''' [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/chicago/peopleevents/p_mandj.html Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette] explore the Illinois Country  
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*'''1682:''' Province of Pennsylvania founded by [http://www.ushistory.org/penn/bio.htm William Penn]  
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*'''1687:''' [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/yamasee/yamaseeindiantribe.htm Yamasee Indians] from Spanish Florida move to South Carolina, becoming an important ally of the British  
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*'''1692:''' [http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/salem/salem.htm Salem witchcraft trials] in Salem Colony in Salem, Massachusetts  
 
*'''1698:''' [http://uwf.edu/jworth/spanfla_450th.htm Pensacola, Florida] established by the Spanish.
 
*'''1698:''' [http://uwf.edu/jworth/spanfla_450th.htm Pensacola, Florida] established by the Spanish.
[[Image:Carolina colony.png|thumb|right|240px| The Province of Carolina]]
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*'''1699:''' Biloxi, Mississippi by [http://www.datasync.com/~davidg59/biloxi1.html Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville]
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[[Image:Carolina colony.png|thumb|right|240px]]  
*'''1699:''' French settlers move into Mississippi and Louisiana. <ref> ''The Commerce of Louisiana During the French Régime, 1699-1763''. Surrey, Nancy Maria Miller. Published by Columbia University, 1916. Item notes: v. 71, no. 1. Original from Princeton University, Digitized Jul 16, 2008. 476 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=7qgpAAAAYAAJ Google Books] </ref>
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*'''1699:''' Biloxi, Mississippi by [http://www.datasync.com/~davidg59/biloxi1.html Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville]  
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*'''1699:''' French settlers move into Mississippi and Louisiana. <ref>''The Commerce of Louisiana During the French Régime, 1699-1763''. Surrey, Nancy Maria Miller. Published by Columbia University, 1916. Item notes: v. 71, no. 1. Original from Princeton University, Digitized Jul 16, 2008. 476 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=7qgpAAAAYAAJ Google Books] </ref>
 
*'''1702:''' [http://www.hampton.lib.nh.us/hampton/history/dow/chap13/dow13_4.htm Queen Anne's War] (War of the Spanish Succession) begins; The name "Queen Anne's War" is used only in the United States. It is called the War of the Spanish Succession by Canada, Britain, and France.  
 
*'''1702:''' [http://www.hampton.lib.nh.us/hampton/history/dow/chap13/dow13_4.htm Queen Anne's War] (War of the Spanish Succession) begins; The name "Queen Anne's War" is used only in the United States. It is called the War of the Spanish Succession by Canada, Britain, and France.  
*'''1702:''' [http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/Our_Country_Vol_1/newjersey_ij.html East Jersey and West Jersey] become crown colonies
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*'''1702:''' [http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/Our_Country_Vol_1/newjersey_ij.html East Jersey and West Jersey] become crown colonies  
*'''1704:''' February 28; The French/Indian forces destroy [http://www.1704.deerfield.history.museum/home.do Deerfield, Massachusetts].
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*'''1704:''' February 28; The French/Indian forces destroy [http://www.1704.deerfield.history.museum/home.do Deerfield, Massachusetts].  
*'''1712:''' January 28; American forces attack the Tuscarora Indians during the [http://www.nchistoricsites.org/bath/tuscarora.htm Tuscarora Indian War].
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*'''1712:''' January 28; American forces attack the Tuscarora Indians during the [http://www.nchistoricsites.org/bath/tuscarora.htm Tuscarora Indian War].  
*'''1729:''' Province of Carolina proprietors sell out to Crown <ref>'' North Carolina: A Royal Province 1729-1775'';  
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*'''1729:''' Province of Carolina proprietors sell out to Crown <ref>'' North Carolina: A Royal Province 1729-1775''; Raper, Charles Lee. Published by University press, 1901. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Sep 12, 2006 71 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RxmoQe2e09QC Google Books] </ref>
Raper, Charles Lee. Published by University press, 1901. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Sep 12, 2006
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*'''1732:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Great_Awakening First Great Awakening]<ref>Edwards, Jonathan (C. Goen, editor)'' The Great-Awakening: A Faithful Narrative Collected contemporary comments and letters; 1972'', Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-01437-6. </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/59779715&amp;amp;referer=brief_results Worldcat]</ref>  
71 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=RxmoQe2e09QC Google Books] </ref>
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*'''1751:''' Georgia became a slave state  
*'''1732:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Great_Awakening First Great Awakening]<ref>Edwards, Jonathan (C. Goen, editor)'' The Great-Awakening: A Faithful Narrative Collected contemporary comments and letters; 1972'', Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-01437-6. </ref><ref>[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/59779715&referer=brief_results Worldcat]</ref>
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*'''1752:''' [http://www.thebakken.org/electricity/franklin-kite.html Benjamin Franklin's kite experiment] showed that lightning was actually static electricity.  
*'''1751:''' Georgia became a slave state
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*'''1752:''' September 2; Britain and the colonies under its control adopt the [http://www.cslib.org/CalendarChange.htm Gregorian calendar].  
*'''1752:''' [http://www.thebakken.org/electricity/franklin-kite.html Benjamin Franklin's kite experiment] showed that lightning was actually static electricity.
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*'''1754:''' [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=498 French and Indian War] begins, part of the Seven Years' War  
*'''1752:''' September 2; Britain and the colonies under its control adopt the [http://www.cslib.org/CalendarChange.htm Gregorian calendar].
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*'''1754:''' Albany Congress, in which a "[http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-colonial/1975 Union of Colonies]" is proposed.  
*'''1754:''' [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=498 French and Indian War] begins, part of the Seven Years' War
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*'''1758:''' [http://www.frenchandindianwar250.org/relive/the_history.aspx Treaty of Easton]  
*'''1754:''' Albany Congress, in which a "[http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/nchist-colonial/1975 Union of Colonies]" is proposed.
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*'''1759''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Plains_of_Abraham Battle of the Plains of Abraham], part of the [http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-of-quebec.htm Battle of Quebec]  
*'''1758:''' [http://www.frenchandindianwar250.org/relive/the_history.aspx Treaty of Easton]
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*'''1754 -1763:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_and_Indian_War French and Indian War] between England and France. The French are defeated and lose their lands in Canada and the American Midwest.  
*'''1759''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Plains_of_Abraham Battle of the Plains of Abraham], part of the [http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-of-quebec.htm Battle of Quebec]
 
*'''1754 -1763:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_and_Indian_War French and Indian War] between England and France. The French are defeated and lose their lands in Canada and the American Midwest.
 
 
*'''1760:''' [http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Jeffrey_Amherst,_1st_Baron_Amherst Jeffrey Amherst] becomes the First British Governor-General of North America, replacing Pierre de Rigaud, Governor of New France
 
*'''1760:''' [http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Jeffrey_Amherst,_1st_Baron_Amherst Jeffrey Amherst] becomes the First British Governor-General of North America, replacing Pierre de Rigaud, Governor of New France
[[Image:Boston Tea Party Joyce Notice.jpg|thumb|right|290px| Boston Tea Party Notice]]
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*'''1764-1766:''' England places taxes on sugar that comes from their North American colonies. England also requires colonists to buy stamps to help pay for royal troops. Colonists protest, and the [http://www.americanrevolution.com/SugarActStampAct.htm Stamp Act] is repealed in 1766.
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[[Image:Boston Tea Party Joyce Notice.jpg|thumb|right|290px]]  
*'''1770:''' March 5; [http://www.bostonmassacre.net/ The Boston Massacre:] English troops fire on a rock-throwing crowd protesting English taxes.
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*'''1764-1766:''' England places taxes on sugar that comes from their North American colonies. England also requires colonists to buy stamps to help pay for royal troops. Colonists protest, and the [http://www.americanrevolution.com/SugarActStampAct.htm Stamp Act] is repealed in 1766.  
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*'''1770:''' March 5; [http://www.bostonmassacre.net/ The Boston Massacre:] English troops fire on a rock-throwing crowd protesting English taxes.  
 
*'''1771:''' May 16; [http://statelibrary.ncdcr.gov/nc/ncsites/Alamance.htm Battle of Alamance] in North Carolina  
 
*'''1771:''' May 16; [http://statelibrary.ncdcr.gov/nc/ncsites/Alamance.htm Battle of Alamance] in North Carolina  
*'''1772:''' June 9; The 1st naval Battle of the American Revolution off the coast of Rhode Island. [http://www.warwickri.gov/gaspee.htm The Gaspée Affair].
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*'''1772:''' June 9; The 1st naval Battle of the American Revolution off the coast of Rhode Island. [http://www.warwickri.gov/gaspee.htm The Gaspée Affair].  
*'''1772:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watauga_Association The Watauga Association] in what would become Tennessee, declares itself independent.
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*'''1772:''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watauga_Association The Watauga Association] in what would become Tennessee, declares itself independent.  
*'''1773:''' May 10; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea_Act The Parliament passes the Tea Act]  
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*'''1773:''' May 10; [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tea_Act The Parliament passes the Tea Act]  
*'''1773:''' [http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/assoc_sons_ny_1773.asp Association of the Sons of Liberty] in New York published by local Sons of Liberty (December 15
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*'''1773:''' [http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/assoc_sons_ny_1773.asp Association of the Sons of Liberty] in New York published by local Sons of Liberty (December 15  
 
*'''1773:''' December 16; [http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/teaparty.htm Boston Tea Party:] English tea is thrown into the harbor by residents disguised as Indians to protest a tax on tea.
 
*'''1773:''' December 16; [http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/teaparty.htm Boston Tea Party:] English tea is thrown into the harbor by residents disguised as Indians to protest a tax on tea.
[[Image:Poster of Northwest and Southwest Territories of the United States.png|thumb|right|230px|The territories north west and south west of the River Ohio are depicted on this map of the early United States (1783-1803)]]
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*'''1774:''' [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=514 Dunmore's War] was a confrontation between colonial Virginia and the Native Americans of the [[Ohio History|Ohio]] Country in 1774.
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[[Image:Poster of Northwest and Southwest Territories of the United States.png|thumb|right|230px]]  
*'''1774:''' June 12; Martial Law is declared in Massachusetts <ref>Frothingham, Louis Adams. '' A Brief History of the Constitution and Government of Massachusetts: With a Chapter on Legislative Procedure''. Published by Harvard University, 1916. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Jul 1, 2008. 140 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=cxYpAAAAYAAJ Google Books]. </ref> by [http://militaryhistory.about.com/b/2008/06/12/american-revolution-gage-declares-martial-law.htm General Thomas Gage]
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*'''1774:''' October 26; [http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/bookmarks/minutemen/The Minute Men] are established in America.
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*'''1774:''' [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=514 Dunmore's War] was a confrontation between colonial Virginia and the Native Americans of the [[Ohio History|Ohio]] Country in 1774.  
*'''1775:''' Fighting at [http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/battles/bat_lex.asp Lexington and Concord], Massachusetts, marks the beginning of the American Revolution.
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*'''1774:''' June 12; Martial Law is declared in Massachusetts <ref>Frothingham, Louis Adams. '' A Brief History of the Constitution and Government of Massachusetts: With a Chapter on Legislative Procedure''. Published by Harvard University, 1916. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Jul 1, 2008. 140 pages. Full text available at [http://books.google.com/books?id=cxYpAAAAYAAJ Google Books]. </ref>by [http://militaryhistory.about.com/b/2008/06/12/american-revolution-gage-declares-martial-law.htm General Thomas Gage]  
*'''1774 to 1783''': The Revolutionary War began with the confrontation between British troops and local militia at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, on 19 April 1775. More information is at the [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War]] page.
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*'''1774:''' October 26; [http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/bookmarks/minutemen/The Minute Men] are established in America.  
*'''1776:''' July 4; [http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/DeclarInd.html The Declaration of Independence] is approved by the Continental Congress (made up of representatives from the American colonies).
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*'''1775:''' Fighting at [http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/battles/bat_lex.asp Lexington and Concord], Massachusetts, marks the beginning of the American Revolution.  
*'''1770's to 1780's''' The [[United States Indian Wars, 1780-s-1890-s|United States Indian Wars]] page has information about these conflicts.
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*'''1774 to 1783''': The Revolutionary War began with the confrontation between British troops and local militia at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, on 19 April 1775. More information is at the [[Revolutionary War, 1775 to 1783|Revolutionary War]] page.  
*'''1778 to 1806''':70,000 and 80,000 loyalists emigrated to Canada  
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*'''1776:''' July 4; [http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/DeclarInd.html The Declaration of Independence] is approved by the Continental Congress (made up of representatives from the American colonies).  
*'''1781:''' [http://americanrevwar.homestead.com/files/CORN.HTM British General Cornwallis] [http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/yorktown.htm surrenders to the Americans at Yorktown, Virginia], ending the fighting in the Revolutionary War.
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*'''1770's to 1780's''' The [[United States Indian Wars, 1780-s-1890-s|United States Indian Wars]] page has information about these conflicts.  
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*'''1778 to 1806''':70,000 and 80,000 loyalists emigrated to Canada  
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*'''1781:''' [http://americanrevwar.homestead.com/files/CORN.HTM British General Cornwallis] [http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/yorktown.htm surrenders to the Americans at Yorktown, Virginia], ending the fighting in the Revolutionary War.  
 
*'''1783:''' September 3; [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/ar/14313.htm The Treaty of Paris] ends the American Revolutionary War  
 
*'''1783:''' September 3; [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/time/ar/14313.htm The Treaty of Paris] ends the American Revolutionary War  
*'''1783:''' The British withdraw from ports in [http://www.revolutionarywarmuseum.com/1782_1783.html New York and the Carolinas]
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*'''1783:''' The British withdraw from ports in [http://www.revolutionarywarmuseum.com/1782_1783.html New York and the Carolinas]  
*'''1784:''' "The state of [http://www.sonofthesouth.net/revolutionary-war/political/frankland.htm Frankland]," later known as Franklin, secedes from North Carolina
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*'''1784:''' "The state of [http://www.sonofthesouth.net/revolutionary-war/political/frankland.htm Frankland]," later known as [[State of Franklin|Franklin]], secedes from North Carolina  
*'''1785:''' Congress refuses admission of [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Franklin  Franklin] to the Union
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*'''1785:''' Congress refuses admission of [[State of Franklin|Franklin]] to the Union  
*'''1787:''' [http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/ordinance/ Northwest Ordinance of 1787] created the first organized territory in the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River. <ref> [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northwest_Ordinance_of_1787 Northwest Ordinance - Wikipedia] </ref>  
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*'''1787:''' [http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/ordinance/ Northwest Ordinance of 1787] created the first organized territory in the United States out of the region south of the Great Lakes, north and west of the Ohio River, and east of the Mississippi River. <ref>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northwest_Ordinance_of_1787 Northwest Ordinance - Wikipedia] </ref>
[[Image:Portrait of George Washington.jpg|thumb|right|175px|Portrait of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart]]
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[[Image:Portrait of George Washington.jpg|thumb|right|175px]]  
 +
 
 
*'''1787:'''May 25 to September 17; [http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/convention1787.html Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia] the result of which is the United States Constitution.  
 
*'''1787:'''May 25 to September 17; [http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/convention1787.html Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia] the result of which is the United States Constitution.  
*'''1787:''' [http://www.websters-dictionary-online.org/definition/THE+1st+STATE Delaware], Pennsylvania and New Jersey [http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/ratnj.asp ratify the constitution].
+
*'''1787:''' [http://www.websters-dictionary-online.org/definition/THE+1st+STATE Delaware], Pennsylvania and New Jersey [http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/ratnj.asp ratify the constitution].  
 
*'''1788:''' [http://www.newrivernotes.com/nc/wnc6.htm North Carolina reconquers Franklin], which ceases to exist.  
 
*'''1788:''' [http://www.newrivernotes.com/nc/wnc6.htm North Carolina reconquers Franklin], which ceases to exist.  
*'''1788:''' Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia and New York ratify the constitution. The [http://www.scarborough.k12.me.us/wis/teachers/dtewhey/webquest/colonial/13_original_colonies.htm Thirteen Original Colonies] are listed in on a map of the [http://www.scarborough.k12.me.us/wis/teachers/dtewhey/webquest/colonial/map_of_13_colonies.htm Northern, Middle and Southern Colonies].
+
*'''1788:''' Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia and New York ratify the constitution. The [http://www.scarborough.k12.me.us/wis/teachers/dtewhey/webquest/colonial/13_original_colonies.htm Thirteen Original Colonies] are listed in on a map of the [http://www.scarborough.k12.me.us/wis/teachers/dtewhey/webquest/colonial/map_of_13_colonies.htm Northern, Middle and Southern Colonies].  
*'''1789''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1789 U.S. presidential election, 1789]
+
*'''1789''': [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_presidential_election,_1789 U.S. presidential election, 1789]  
 
*'''1789:''' March 4, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_United_States_Congress 1st United States Congress] meets.  
 
*'''1789:''' March 4, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_United_States_Congress 1st United States Congress] meets.  
*'''1789:''' March 4, [http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/The_Significance_of_March_4.htm The Constitution is Ratified.]  
+
*'''1789:''' March 4, [http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/The_Significance_of_March_4.htm The Constitution is Ratified.]  
*'''1789:''' [http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgewashington/ George Washington] becomes President.
+
*'''1789:''' [http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgewashington/ George Washington] becomes President.  
 
*'''1789:''' North Carolina [http://www.constitution.org/rc/rat_decl-nc.htm ratifies the constitution].
 
*'''1789:''' North Carolina [http://www.constitution.org/rc/rat_decl-nc.htm ratifies the constitution].
  
==Websites==
+
== Websites ==
*[http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/history.html Constitutional History]
+
 
 +
*[http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/history.html Constitutional History]  
 
*[http://www.lewis-clark.org Discovering Lewis and Clark]  
 
*[http://www.lewis-clark.org Discovering Lewis and Clark]  
*[http://www.apva.org/history/index.html Jamestown History] is a history of early Jamestown and it's people.
+
*[http://www.apva.org/history/index.html Jamestown History] is a history of early Jamestown and it's people.  
 
*[http://www.apva.org/history/orig.html Jamestown] list of original settlers with occupations.  
 
*[http://www.apva.org/history/orig.html Jamestown] list of original settlers with occupations.  
 
*[http://www.apva.org/history/timeline.html Jamestown Timeline] are the events leading up to the establishment of Jamestown.  
 
*[http://www.apva.org/history/timeline.html Jamestown Timeline] are the events leading up to the establishment of Jamestown.  
 
*[http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/History/history.php Mayflower Passenger List]  
 
*[http://www.mayflowerhistory.com/History/history.php Mayflower Passenger List]  
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower Mayflower -Wikipedia]  
+
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayflower Mayflower -Wikipedia]  
*[http://www.revolutionarywarmuseum.com/ Museum of The American Revolution and Colonial America]
+
*[http://www.revolutionarywarmuseum.com/ Museum of The American Revolution and Colonial America]  
*[http://colonialancestors.com/revolutionary/soldiers.htm Revolutionary Soldier's Genealogy]
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*[http://colonialancestors.com/revolutionary/soldiers.htm Revolutionary Soldier's Genealogy]  
 
*[http://www.familyhistory101.com/research-military/1702-1713.html Queen Anne's War 1702-1713]
 
*[http://www.familyhistory101.com/research-military/1702-1713.html Queen Anne's War 1702-1713]
==Sources==
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<references/>
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== Sources ==
[[Category:United States History]]
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 +
<references />
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[[Category:United_States_History|1607-1789]]

Revision as of 18:31, 15 March 2012

United StatesGotoarrow.pngUnited States History Gotoarrow.png Colonial Times 1607-1789

Colonial Era and Revolutionary War (1607-1789)

The colonies grew from Jamestown with the English at Chesapeake Bay to Quebec with the French. African slaves were brought into Jamestown. The Dutch settled in New York and other areas. European colonization of North America (the "new world") was an intrusion of terrain controlled and established for centuries by Native Americans. With the interactions of this melting pot of diverse people began the complex process of European colonization in the western hemisphere.

MayflowerHarbor.jpg
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Boston Tea Party Joyce Notice.jpg
  • 1764-1766: England places taxes on sugar that comes from their North American colonies. England also requires colonists to buy stamps to help pay for royal troops. Colonists protest, and the Stamp Act is repealed in 1766.
  • 1770: March 5; The Boston Massacre: English troops fire on a rock-throwing crowd protesting English taxes.
  • 1771: May 16; Battle of Alamance in North Carolina
  • 1772: June 9; The 1st naval Battle of the American Revolution off the coast of Rhode Island. The Gaspée Affair.
  • 1772: The Watauga Association in what would become Tennessee, declares itself independent.
  • 1773: May 10; The Parliament passes the Tea Act
  • 1773: Association of the Sons of Liberty in New York published by local Sons of Liberty (December 15
  • 1773: December 16; Boston Tea Party: English tea is thrown into the harbor by residents disguised as Indians to protest a tax on tea.
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Portrait of George Washington.jpg

Websites

Sources

  1. The Journal of the Jamestown Rediscovery Center has a full text of several volumes by various authors.
  2. Blaxland, George Cuthbert. Mayflower" Essays on the Story of the Pilgrim Fathers. Published by Ward &amp; Downey, 1896 Original from Harvard University. Digitized Aug 28, 2006. 146 pages. Full text available at Google books As Told in Governor Bradford's Ms. History of the Plymouth Plantation : with a Reproduction of Captain John Smith's Map of New England
  3. The Commerce of Louisiana During the French Régime, 1699-1763. Surrey, Nancy Maria Miller. Published by Columbia University, 1916. Item notes: v. 71, no. 1. Original from Princeton University, Digitized Jul 16, 2008. 476 pages. Full text available at Google Books
  4. North Carolina: A Royal Province 1729-1775; Raper, Charles Lee. Published by University press, 1901. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Sep 12, 2006 71 pages. Full text available at Google Books
  5. Edwards, Jonathan (C. Goen, editor) The Great-Awakening: A Faithful Narrative Collected contemporary comments and letters; 1972, Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-01437-6.
  6. Worldcat
  7. Frothingham, Louis Adams. A Brief History of the Constitution and Government of Massachusetts: With a Chapter on Legislative Procedure. Published by Harvard University, 1916. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Jul 1, 2008. 140 pages. Full text available at Google Books.
  8. Northwest Ordinance - Wikipedia