Colfax County, Nebraska Genealogy

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United States
Colfax County

Guide to Colfax County, Nebraska ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Schuyler
Organized: February 15, 1869
Parent County(s): Platte[1]
Neighboring Counties
Butler  • Cuming  • Dodge  • Platte  • Saunders  • Stanton
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Nebraska highlighting Colfax County svg.bmp

County Information


The County was named for Schuyler Colfax. The County has Schuyler as its seat and the County was created 1869. The County is located in the east central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Colfax County Courthouse
411 E. 11th Street
Schuyler, NE 68661-1940
Phone: 402.352.8504
Colfax County Website

County Judge has marriage records from 1869, probate records from 1886 and court records from 1885.
Clerk District Court has divorce records from 1881.
County Clerk has land records from 1860. [1]

Colfax County, Nebraska Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1904 1869 1904 1860 1860 1860 1854
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in late 1904. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]


History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Colfax County, Nebraska online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Nebraska Cemeteries for more information


Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 1,424
1880 6,588 362.6%
1890 10,453 58.7%
1900 11,211 7.3%
1910 11,610 3.6%
1920 11,624 0.1%
1930 11,434 −1.6%
1940 10,627 −7.1%
1950 10,010 −5.8%
1960 9,595 −4.1%
1970 9,498 −1.0%
1980 9,890 4.1%
1990 9,139 −7.6%
2000 10,441 14.2%
2010 10,515 0.7%
Source: "".

Federal Censuses were taken for Nebraska starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Nebraska Census.

For tips on accessing Colfax County, Nebraska Genealogy census records online, see: Nebraska Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Nebraska denominations, view the Nebraska Church Records wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Nebraska Land and Property for additional information about early Nebraska land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

For more information see Nebraska Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Colfax County, Nebraska Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Nebraska Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Madison CountyStanton CountyCuming CountyPlatte CountyDodge CountyPolk CountyButler CountySaunders CountyNE COLFAX.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Early migration routes to and from Colfax County for European and African American settlers included:

Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship


For information on Nebraska newspapers, see Nebraska Newspapers.

Nebraska Newspapers Online

Nebraska Newspaper Catalogs


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Nebraska, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Nebraska - Colfax - Probate records.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Nebraska tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.





Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.


  • Schuyler Public Library
    1123 A Street
    Schuyler, NE 68661
    Phone: 402-352-2221
    Fax: 402-352-5377
    Library Director: Cheryl Green
  • Clarkson Memorial Library
    316 Pine St
    Clarkson, NE 68629, USA
    Phone: 402-892-3235
  • Howells Public Library
    128 N 3rd St
    PO Box 337
    Howells, NE 68641-0337
    Phone: 402-986-1210
    Fax: 402-986-1210
    Director: Victoria Vacha



  • Clarkson Historical Society
    221 Pine St.
    Clarkson, NE 68629-4015
    Phone: 402-892-3854


  • NEGenWeb
  • USGenWeb
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Nebraska. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Colfax, Nebraska," in,_Nebraska."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Colfax County, Nebraska. Page 428-435 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 417-420.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Colfax County, Nebraska," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Nebraska, accessed 22 January 2019.
  5. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map I" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  6. "Oregon California Trails Association" at (accessed 18 July 2011).
  7. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at (accessed 18 July 2011).