Colchester St Runwald, Essex Genealogy

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England Gotoarrow.png Essex Gotoarrow.png Essex Parishes Gotoarrow.png Colchester St Runwald

Parish History

Colchester also known as Colchester St Runwald, is a town, a district, and a division, in Essex. The town is on the river Colne, at the junction of the Eastern Counties, the Eastern Union, and the Wivenhoe railways, it is 21 1/2 miles NE of Chelmsford. The railways send of branches to Halstead, Sudbury, and Harwich. The parishes in the town are All Saints, St. Giles, St. James, St. Leonard, St. Martin, St. Mary at the Walls, St Mary Magdalene, St Nicholas, St Runwald, Holy Trinity, St. Peter, St. Botolph, and St. John. The places of worship within the borough, in 1851, were Church of England, Independents, Baptists, Quakers, Wesleyan Methodists, Primitive Methodists, Latter Day Saints, and Roman Catholics.'[1]

'Within the walls are the parishes of All Saints, St James, St Martin, St Mary-at-the-Walls, St Nicholas, St Peter, St Runwald and Holy Trinity. The church of All Saints was created in 1309. And without the walls St Botolph, St Giles, St Leonard, and St Mary Magdalene.'[2]


Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Church records

Online Colchester St Runwald, Essex Genealogy Parish Register Images and Indexes
Images 1598-1872 EssexAncestors[3] 1599-1872 EssexAncestors[3] 1598-1865 EssexAncestors[3]
Indexes 1572-1812 FreeREG[4] 1599-1738
FreeREG[4] 1598-1809 FreeREG[4]
1599-1760 FindMyPast[5] 1598-1865 FindMyPast[6]

Contributor: Include here information for parish registers, Bishop’s Transcripts, non conformist and other types of church records, such as parish chest records. Add the contact information for the office holding the original records. Add links to the Family History Library Catalog showing the film numbers in their collection.

Census records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.

Poor Law Unions

Colchester Poor Law Union,Essex

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Essex Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Web sites


  1. John M. Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (London and Edinburgh, 1870). Digital version at
  2. Benjamin Clark, The British Gazetteer Political, Commercial, Ecclesiastical, and Historical (1852). Digital version at Page 627.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Essex Ancestors: Unearth Your Roots, Seax - Essex Archives Online From the Essex Record Office, accessed 16 April 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Essex Coverage in FreeReg, FreeREG, accessed 19 April 2012.
  5. 'Boyd's Marriage Index - Parish details by county,', (WayBack Machine) accessed 3 March 2012.
  6. 'Parish Records - National Burial Index Records 1538 - 2005 Coverage,' Find My Past, accessed 11 April 2012. For a breakdown of missing years, see 'National Burial Index - Coverage: Essex,' Federation of Family History Societies, accessed 23 April 2012.