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Clay County, Texas Genealogy

Guide to Clay County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Clay County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Clay County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 24 December, 1857
County Seat Henrietta
Courthouse
TexasClayCourthouse.jpg
Address Clay County Courthouse
100 N Bridge Street PO Box 548
Henrietta, TX 76365-2858
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County InformationEdit


County CourthouseEdit

Clay County Courthouse
100 N Bridge Street PO Box 548
Henrietta, TX 76365-2858
Phone: 940.538.4631

County Clerk has birth and death records from 1903,
marriage records from 1874, probate and land records
from 1873 and court records from 1876[1]

County Clerk

P.O.Box 548
Henrietta 76365
Phone: 940-538-4631
Fax: 940-538-4008

District Clerk

P.O. Box 568
Henrietta 76365
Phone: 940-538-4561

Clay County, Texas Record DatesEdit

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1903 1874 1903 1876 1873 1873 1829
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1903. General compliance by the 1930s.

HistoryEdit

Henry Clay.JPG

The county is named after U.S. Speaker of the House Henry Clay (1777-1852).[3]

Clay County Histories from the Clay County TXGenweb site.

Parent CountyEdit

1857--Clay County was created 24 December 1857 from Cooke County.
County seat: Henrietta [4]

Boundary ChangesEdit

Record LossEdit

1873--Records of the first organization were transferred to Montague County, where many were destroyed in a courthouse fire on 25 February 1873.

Places / LocalitiesEdit

Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

Neighboring CountiesEdit

Archer  • Cotton County, Oklahoma  • Jack  • Jefferson County, Oklahoma  • Montague  •  • Wichita

ResourcesEdit

African AmericanEdit

CemeteriesEdit

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
FindAGrave Family History Library FindAGrave
TX Gravestones WorldCat Tombstone Project
BillionGraves (name) Cemeteries of TX
GenWeb Archives Texas Cemeteries
BillionGraves Linkpendium
TXGenWeb Epodunk
Names in Stone Interment
See Texas Cemeteries for more information.

CensusEdit

Year Pop.
1860 109
1870
1880 5,045
1890 7,503 48.7%
1900 9,231 23.0%
1910 17,043 84.6%
1920 16,864 −1.1%
1930 14,545 −13.8%
1940 12,524 −13.9%
1950 9,896 −21.0%
1960 8,351 −15.6%
1970 8,079 −3.3%
1980 9,582 18.6%
1990 10,024 4.6%
2000 11,006 9.8%
2010 10,752 −2.3%

ChurchesEdit

CourtEdit

FamiliesEdit

LandEdit

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.


LandmarksEdit

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit

Local HistoriesEdit

Local histories are available for Clay County, Texas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

MapsEdit

Cotton CountyJefferson CountyWichita CountyMontague CountyJack CountyArcher CountyTX CLAY.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


MilitaryEdit

Mexican-American WarEdit
Civil WarEdit

Online Records

World War IEdit

NewspapersEdit

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clay County, Texas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

TX Newspaper Abstracts (For instructions see WorldCat Online Catalog).

ObituariesEdit

PhotographsEdit

ProbateEdit

Online Probate Records

TaxationEdit

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

1846-1910 Texas County Tax Rolls lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

Certified birth and death certificates or birth and death verifications can be ordered online or by mail at the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health. Copies can also be obtained from the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred and are often less expensive. You can also order them online through a third party company.

Marriages records can be obtained from the county the marriage occurred. Only marriage verifications can be obtained from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health.

See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas.

BirthEdit

Online Birth Indexes and Records

MarriageEdit

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

DeathEdit

Online Death Indexes and Records

DivorceEdit

Societies and LibrariesEdit

Clay County Historical Society
PO Box 483
100 N Bridge St.
Henrietta 76365
Website

Family History CentersEdit

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

WebsitesEdit

  • TXGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog The catalog is genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) This catalog is different than the indexed Historical Records.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, Texas. Page 661 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, Texas . Page 658-677 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 655-665.
  3. "Henry Clay," Wikipedia.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Clay County, Texas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clay_County,_Texas, accessed 31 March 2019.