Difference between revisions of "Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy"

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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Arkansas|Arkansas]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Clay_County,_Arkansas|Clay County]]''
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| link2= [[Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansas]]
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| link5=[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy|Clay County]]
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{{ARDC}}
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Guide to '''Clay County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history''', birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
  
{{Infobox U.S. County
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{| style="width:18%; float:right"
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|-
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<center>{{Click|image:AR_ORP.png|Arkansas_Online_Genealogy_Records}}</center>
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{{Infobox U.S. County 2016
  
| county = Clay County
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|organized=  March 24,  1873
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|county seat= Piggott
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|parent county= [[Randolph County, Arkansas Genealogy|Randolph]]&nbsp;and [[Greene County, Arkansas Genealogy|Greene]] <ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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|variant spellings=
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|county1= [[Butler County, Missouri Genealogy|Butler (MO)]]
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|county2= [[Dunklin County, Missouri Genealogy|Dunklin (MO)]]
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|county3= [[Greene County, Arkansas Genealogy|Greene]]
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|county4= [[Randolph County, Arkansas Genealogy|Randolph]]
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|county5= [[Ripley County, Missouri Genealogy|Ripley (MO)]]</br><center>[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Maps and Gazetteers|See County Maps]]</center>
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|county6=
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|county7=
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|county8=
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|county9=
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|county10=
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|county courthouse= [[Image:ArkansasClayWesternDistrictCourthouse.jpg|245x245px]]
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|county location in state= [[Image: Ar-clay.png|185x185px]]
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|adoption=
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}}
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|}
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<div style="width:17%; float:left; margin-right:4em; padding:0px">__TOC__</div>
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== County Information ==
  
| county_map = Ar-clay.png
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=== Description ===
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According to <u>History and Traditions of Clay County</u> , compiled by Robert T. Webb, edited and indexed by Frank Cochran, the people moved the county seat from Corning to Boydsville in 1877. Most of the people lived in the eastern part of the county and it was difficult to travel through the bottoms to Corning. Changing the county seat did not change the difficulty of crossing the bottoms, but only transferred it to the people in the Western part. In 1881 the county was divided into two districts with Boydsville the Eastern county seat and Corning the Western county seat. In 1888 the people voted to move the eastern county seat to Piggott.<ref>http://www.argenweb.net/clay/earlyhistory.htm and http://www.argenweb.net/clay/corningcourthouses.htm</ref>
  
| state = Arkansas
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=== County Courthouse ===
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{{AR Courthouse Intro|Clay}}
  
| state_map = Arkansas.png
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'''Clay County Courthouse'''<br>PO Box 306<br>Piggott, AR 72454<br>Phone: 870.598.2813<br>[http://www.clarkcountyarkansas.com/ Clay County website]<br><br>Clerk Circuit Court has land, divorce and court records from 1893.<br> County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1893.<ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
  
| founded year = 1873
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=== Clay County, Arkansas ===
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" colspan="7" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for Major County Records<ref>Alice Eichholz, ''Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources'', 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. {{WorldCat|55947869|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1185723|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004}}.</ref></center>
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|-
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Birth|Birth*]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Marriage|Marriage]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Death|Death*]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Court Records|Court]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Land and Property Records|Land]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Probate Records|Probate]]'''
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| width="14.2%" bgcolor="#e4d8e5" align="center" | '''[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Census Records|Census]]'''
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|-
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1914*
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1893
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1914*
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1893
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1893
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |1893
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| width="14.2%" align="center" |
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|-
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| colspan="7" | <center>*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's</center>
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|}
  
| founded date = March 24
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=== Record Loss ===
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{|
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|-
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|
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*'''1893''' - The Eastern District courthouse burned on January 11, 1893.  Will and deed records begin in April, 1881, and are complete to date except deed record E from March 1, 1891 to January 31, 1892, as this was burned.  Other records of Clay County from December 1875 to the end of February 1893 were also burned.
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{{Fire+}}
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|}
  
| seat wl = Piggott
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=== Boundary Changes ===
| adoption_sign = Adoption ARGenWeb
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{{AR Boundary Changes Intro|Clay}}
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{|
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|-
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|
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*'''1873--'''Clay County was created 24 March 1873&nbsp;from [[Randolph County, Arkansas Genealogy|Randolph]]&nbsp;and [[Greene County, Arkansas Genealogy|Greene]] Counties.&nbsp;
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*'''County seat:''' Piggott<ref>''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref><br>
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For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, [http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps"] (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
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|}
  
}}  
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=== Populated Places ===
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{{AR Populated Places Intro|Clay}}
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The following are locations in Clay County, Arkansas:
  
== County Courthouses  ==
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=== History Timeline ===
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{{AR Historical Timeline Intro|Clay}}
  
[http://www.clarkcountyarkansas.com/ Clay County Courthouse]<br>PO Box 306<br>Piggott, AR 72454<br>Phone: 870.598.2813&nbsp; <br><br>Clerk Circuit Court has land, divorce and court records from 1893; <br>County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1893<ref name="HB">''The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America'', 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.</ref>  
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Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Clay County page on the website, [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/ The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture]. <ref>Tracy L. Johnson, ''The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture,'' (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=755&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent=+%3a+accessed+January+6%2c+2016)%2c : accessed January 11, 2016), “Clay County.</ref>
  
<br>
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*1800s - early, European settlement in the Clay County area began with Pierre LeMieux, a Frenchman who settled east of the Black River.
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*1800s - Veterans of the War of 1812 who were given land grants in Arkansas began to settle in the area.
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*1849-1850 - Congress passed the Swamp Land Acts of 1849 and 1850. Public swampland was transferred to Arkansas, and then the land was sold cheaply.
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*1873 - March 24, During Reconstruction, Clayton County was created by the Arkansas legislature taking portions of Greene and Randolph counties.
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*1875 - Arkansas General Assembly of 1875 changed the name of Clayton County to Clay County.
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*1883 - Railroads did more than provide a new avenue for export and import of raw and finished products. They also brought more settlers into the area.
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*1900s - At the start of the twentieth century, the timber industry reached its zenith.
  
According to <u>History and Traditions of Clay County</u> , compiled by Robert T. Webb, edited and indexed by Frank Cochran, the people moved the county seat from Corning to Boydsville in 1877. Most of the people lived in the eastern part of the county and it was difficult to travel through the bottoms to Corning. Changing the county seat did not change the difficulty of crossing the bottoms, but only transferred it to the people in the Western part. In 1881 the county was divided into two districts with Boydsville the Eastern county seat and Corning the Western county seat. In 1888 the people voted to move the eastern county seat to Piggott.
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== Resources ==
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{{AR Resources Intro|Clay}}
  
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/earlyhistory.htm Early History of Clay County Seats<br>]
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=== Bible Records ===
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{{AR Bible Intro|Clay}}
  
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/corningcourthouses.htm Western District Courthouse History]
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=== Biographies  ===
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{{AR Biographies Intro|Clay}}
  
<br>
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=== Business, Commerce, and Occupations ===
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{{AR Business Records Intro|Clay}}
  
== History  ==
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=== Cemeteries ===
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{{AR Cemeteries Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Parent County ====
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{| style = "border:1px solid black; width:66%;  "
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|-
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| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>'''Cemeteries of Clay County, Arkansas''' online and in print</center>
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|-
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| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions Online'''</center>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" valign="top" style="border:1px solid black" |
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gsr&GSfn=&GSmn=&GSln=smith&GSbyrel=all&GSby=&GSdyrel=all&GSdy=&GScntry=4&GSst=4&GScnty=103&GSgrid=&df=all&GSob=n Find A Grave] Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, enter a name, click "Search"
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*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=74 Arkansas Gravestones] enter a name and click "Search"
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*[http://billiongraves.com/pages/search/#given_names=&family_names=smith&birth_year=&death_year=&year_range=5&lim=0&num=10&action=search&exact=true&phonetic=false&record_type=0&country=United+States&state=Arkansas&county=0 Billion Graves] Enter a name and click "Search" (Statewide. Can search by county, but many with no results.)
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|-
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| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" | <center>'''Tombstone Transcriptions in Print''' ([[The Value of Cemetery Records in Print |Often more complete]])</center>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
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*{{FHL|United States, Arkansas, Clay|place|disp=FamilySearch Catalog}} Select "Cemeteries"
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*[http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=Clay+county+Arkansas=Clay+County%2C+Arkansas%2C+cemeteries&qt=notfound_page&search=Search WorldCat]
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*[[Arkansas Periodicals|Periodicals]]
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*[[Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy#Societies|Societies]]
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|-
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| width="21%" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black" |<center>'''List of Cemeteries in the County'''</center>
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|bgcolor="#F0F0F0" style="border:1px solid black" valign="top" |
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*[http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=csr&CScn=&CScntry=4&CSst=4&CScnty=103 Find A Grave] Click '''Search for a Cemetery''' on the right, click '''All Countries''' - click '''United States''', click '''State''', click '''County''' and search.
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*[http://arkansasgravestones.org/search.php?cid=74 Arkansas Gravestones] Click '''Browse Gravestones By Cemetery'''
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*[http://www.interment.net/us/ar/clay.htm Interment.net]
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*[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/cemetery/clay-county-arkansas-cemetery-records.htm Access Genealogy]
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*[http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/clay/clay.htm USGenWeb Archives]
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*[http://usgwtombstones.org/arkansas/clay.html USGenWeb Tombstone Project]
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemeteries.htm ARGenWeb]
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*[http://www.rootsweb.com/~arcemete/clay/clay.htm RootsWeb]
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*[http://www.idreamof.com/cemetery/ar.html I Dream of Genealogy] Scroll to the county and cemetery.
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|-
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| colspan="2" bgcolor="#E0E0E0" style="border:1px solid black"| <center>See '''[[Arkansas Cemeteries]]''' for more information</center>
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|}
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&nbsp;
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{|
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| width="25%" | Allen
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Allmandinger<br> Bethlehem<br> [http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=355 Black]<br> Blooming Grove<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembrown.htm Brown]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembrownie.htm Brownie]<br> Cantwell<br> Crockett<br> Cummings<br> Gilchrist<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemgravelhill.htm Gravel Hill]
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| width="25%" valign="top" |
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Green<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhall.htm Hall]<br> Hardin<br> Hill<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhillsboro.htm Hillsboro]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhitt.htm Hitt]<br> Hosea<br> Johnson #1<br> Johnson #2<br> Leonard<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemlibertyhill.htm Liberty Hill]<br> [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~arcemete/clay/littleflock.htm Little Flock]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmaryschapel.htm Mary's Chapel]
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| width="25%" valign="top" |
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Masterson<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmitchell.htm Mitchell]<br> Moark<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmound.htm Mound]<br> Myer Hill<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemnewhope.htm New Hope]<br> Nimmons<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemparks.htm Parks]<br> Piggott<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/greene/CEM/CEMTRAN/purcell_clayco.htm Purcell]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemredenbo.htm Redenbo]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemrichwoods.htm Richwoods]<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemrocksprings.xls Rock Springs]
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| valign="top" |
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Rogers<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cempicsstbernard.htm Saint Bernard]<br> Salem<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemscatterville.htm Scatterville]<br> Travillian<br> Underwood<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemwilliams.htm Williams]<br> Williams<br> Winston<br> [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemwoodland.htm Woodland Heights] US Genweb<br> [http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=2460 Woodland Heights] BillionGraves
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|}
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&nbsp;
  
*'''1873--'''Clay County was created 24 March 1873&nbsp;from [[Randolph County, Arkansas|Randolph]]&nbsp;and [[Greene County, Arkansas|Greene]] Counties.&nbsp;'''County seat:''' Piggott <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'',10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>
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=== Census Records ===
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{{AR Census Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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=== Church Records ===
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{{AR Church Intro|Clay}}
  
See an interactive map of Clay County [http://www.n2genealogy.com/arkansas/ar-maps.html boundary changes] at N2Genealogy.
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[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/churches.htm Hopewell Baptist Church], near Reyno
  
==== Record Loss  ====
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=== Court Records ===
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{{AR Court Intro|Clay}}
  
*The Eastern District courthouse burned on January 11, 1893 with total record loss.
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(Western District)<br>Clay County Clerk's Office<br>Western District<br>800 W 2nd St<br>Corning AR 72422<br>870-857-3480
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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(Eastern District)<br>Office of the County Clerk<br>PO Box 306<br>Piggott AR 72454-0306<br>870-598-2813
  
==== Populated Places  ====
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[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/courtrecords.htm Various Court Records of Clay County]
  
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
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=== Directories ===
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{{AR Directories Intro|Clay}}
  
*[[Butler County, Missouri|Butler County, Missouri]]
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=== Emigration and Immigration  ===
*[[Dunklin County, Missouri|Dunklin County, Missouri]]
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{{AR Emigration Intro|Clay}}
*[[Greene County, Arkansas|Greene]]
 
*[[Randolph County, Arkansas|Randolph]]
 
*[[Ripley County, Missouri|Ripley County, Missouri]]
 
  
== Resources  ==
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=== Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups ===
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{{AR Ethnic Groups Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Biographies<br> ====
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=== Funeral Homes ===
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{{AR Funeral Homes Intro|Clay}}
  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/goodspeedbio.htm Goodspeed's Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas ](1891)<br>
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=== Genealogies  ===
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{{AR Genealogies Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Cemeteries  ====
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=== Guardianship ===
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{{AR Guardianship Intro|Clay}}
  
Partial Listings - none are complete.&nbsp; Some also contain directions to cemetery as well as photographs.<br>
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*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2FM7QZ-CM9%3A353249301%3Fcc%3D2061549 Probate Records 1881-1955] Clay County portion of the collection: {{RecordSearch|2061549|''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979''|access=browse}}: ''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
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**Includes Administration bonds and letters 1881-1955; Guardian bonds and letters 1893-1938; Inventories and appraisements 1881-1919; Minutes 1881-1918; Probate records 1893-1906; Sale bills 1881-1920; Wills 1884-1944.
  
Allen<br>Allmandinger<br>Bethlehem<br>[http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=355 Black]<br>Blooming Grove<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembond.htm Bond]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembrown.htm Brown]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cembrownie.htm Brownie]<br>Cantwell<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemcorning.htm Corning]<br>Crockett<br>Cummings<br>Gilchrist<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemgravelhill.htm Gravel Hill]<br>Green<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhall.htm Hall]<br>Hardin<br>Hill<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhillsboro.htm Hillsboro]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemhitt.htm Hitt]<br>Hosea<br>Johnson #1<br>Johnson #2<br>Leonard<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemlibertyhill.htm Liberty Hill]<br>[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~arcemete/clay/littleflock.htm Little Flock]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmaryschapel.htm Mary's Chapel]<br>Masterson<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmitchell.htm Mitchell]<br>Moark<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemmound.htm Mound]<br>Myer Hill<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemnewhope.htm New Hope]<br>Nimmons<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemparks.htm Parks]<br>Piggott<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/greene/CEM/CEMTRAN/purcell_clayco.htm Purcell]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemredenbo.htm Redenbo]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemrichwoods.htm Richwoods]<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemrocksprings.xls Rock Springs]<br>Rogers<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cempicsstbernard.htm Saint Bernard]<br>Salem<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemscatterville.htm Scatterville]<br>Travillian<br>Underwood<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemwilliams.htm Williams]<br>Williams<br>Winston<br>[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/cemwoodland.htm Woodland Heights] US Genweb<br>[http://www.billiongraves.com/pages/cemetery/cemetery.php?cemetery_id=2460 Woodland Heights] BillionGraves<br>
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=== Land and Property Records ===
 +
{{AR Land Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Churches  ====
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=== Local Histories ===
 +
{{AR Histories Intro|Clay}}
  
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/churches.htm Hopewell Baptist Church], near Reyno
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{{AR History Intro}}
  
==== Court  ====
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/goodspeedbio.htm Goodspeed's Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Northeastern Arkansas ](1891)
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/penitentiary.htm Arkansas State Penitentiary Records, Clay County Residents]
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/countyhome.htm Clay County Home]
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/electedofficials.htm Elected Officials] who have served Clay County
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/pauperdeaths.htm Pauper Deaths] in Clay County
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/piggottmayors.htm Piggott Mayors]
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/roads.htm Road System] in Northeastern Arkansas
  
(Western District)<br>Clay County Clerk's Office<br>Western District<br>800 W 2nd St<br>Corning AR 72422<br>870-857-3480
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=== Maps and Gazetteers ===
 +
{{AR Maps Intro|Clay}}
 +
{{AR Neighboring Counties Intro|{{ARClay County, Arkansas Clickable Neighbors}}}}
  
(Eastern District)<br>Office of the County Clerk<br>PO Box 306<br>Piggott AR 72454-0306<br>870-598-2813<br>
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*[http://www.mapofus.org/arkansas/ Maps of Arkansas (1813-1925)]
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*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/maps.htm Township Maps]
  
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/courtrecords.htm Various Court Records of Clay County]<br>
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=== Migration ===
 +
{{AR Migration Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Land  ====
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=== Military Records ===
 +
{{AR Military Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Local Histories  ====
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==== Civil War ====
 +
{{AR Civil War Intro|Clay}}
  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/penitentiary.htm Arkansas State Penitentiary Records, Clay County Residents]
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*'''1861-1865''' - {{RecordSearch|1932392|Arkansas Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/hr/search FamilySearch] — index
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/penitentiary.htm][http://www.argenweb.net/clay/countyhome.htm Clay County Home]<br>
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*'''1891-1939''' - {{RecordSearch|1921864|Arkansas Ex-Confederate Pension Records, 1891-1939}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/hr/search FamilySearch] — index and images
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/electedofficials.htm Elected Officials] who have served Clay County<br>
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*'''1901-1929''' - {{RecordSearch|1837922|Arkansas Confederate Pensions, 1901-1929}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/hr/search FamilySearch] — images only
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/pauperdeaths.htm Pauper Deaths] in Clay County<br>
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/piggottmayors.htm Piggott Mayors]<br>
 
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/roads.htm Road System] in Northeastern Arkansas<br>
 
  
==== Maps  ====
+
'''''Civil War Battle'''''<br>
  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/maps.htm Township Maps]
+
The following Civil War Battle was fought in Clay County.
 +
 
 +
*May 1-2, 1863 =&nbsp;[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar007.htm Chalk Bluff<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar007.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>]
 +
*[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ARmap.htm Map] showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.
 +
 
 +
=== Naturalization and Citizenship ===
 +
{{AR Naturalization Intro|Clay}}
 +
 
 +
=== Newspapers ===
 +
{{AR Newspapers Intro|Clay}}
 +
 
 +
{{AR Newspapers|Clay}}
  
==== Military  ====
+
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspapers.htm Clay County Newspapers]
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/courierexcerpts.htm Various Excerpts from the Clay County Courier]
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspaperarticles.htm Various Obituaries of Clay County Residents]
  
===== Civil War  =====
+
=== Obituaries ===
 +
{{AR Obituaries Intro|Clay}}
  
====== Civil War Battle  ======
+
=== Other Records ===
 +
{{AR Other Records Intro|Clay}}
  
The following Civil War Battle was fought in Clay County.
+
=== Periodicals ===
 +
{{AR Periodicals Intro|Clay}}
  
*May 1-2, 1863 =&nbsp;[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar007.htm Chalk Bluff<ref>Heritage Preservation Services, [http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ar007.htm Civil War Battle Summaries by State], (accessed 2 August 2012).</ref>]
+
=== Probate Records ===
 +
{{AR Probate Intro|Clay}}
  
:[http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ARmap.htm Map] showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.
+
'''Online Probate Records
 +
*'''1783 – 1998''' [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8638 Arkansas Wills and Probate Records 1783-1998] at [http://home.ancestry.com Ancestry.com] — index and images $
 +
*'''1817 – 1979''' {{RecordSearch|2061549|Arkansas Probate Records 1817-1979}} at [https://familysearch.org FamilySearch] — images
 +
*[https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A%2F%2Ffamilysearch.org%2Frecapi%2Fsord%2Fwaypoint%2FM7QZ-CM9%3A353249301%3Fcc%3D2061549 Probate Records 1881-1955] Clay County portion of the collection: {{RecordSearch|2061549|''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979''|access=browse}}: ''Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979'' FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
 +
**Includes Administration bonds and letters 1881-1955; Guardian bonds and letters 1893-1938; Inventories and appraisements 1881-1919; Minutes 1881-1918; Probate records 1893-1906; Sale bills 1881-1920; Wills 1884-1944.
  
==== Newspapers  ====
+
=== School Records ===
 +
{{AR Schools Intro|Clay}}
  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspapers.htm Clay County Newspapers<br>][http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspapers.htm]
+
=== Tax Records ===
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/courierexcerpts.htm Various Excerpts from the Clay County Courier]<br>
+
{{AR Tax Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Obituaries<br>  ====
+
=== Vital Records ===
 +
{{AR Vital Intro|Clay}}
  
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/newspaperarticles.htm Various Obituaries of Clay County Residents]<br>
+
==== Birth ====
 +
{{AR Vital Records - Birth Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Probate  ====
+
*'''1947 - 1958''' - Clay County Birth Index 1947-1958. Batch {{IGI|C734491}} at FamilySearch - free.
  
==== Taxation  ====
+
==== Marriage ====
 +
{{AR Vital Records - Marriage Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Vital Records ====
+
*'''1860 - 1976''' - {{RecordSearch|2546158|Arkansas Church Marriages, 1860-1976}} at [https://www.familysearch.org/hr/search FamilySearch] — index and images
 +
*'''1881 - 1923''' - Clay County Marriage Books A-I, 1-11 Index 1881-1923 in [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/igi International Genealogical Index] at FamilySearch - free.<ref>Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at [[Media:Igiarkansasad.pdf|https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf]].</ref>
 +
*'''1893 - 1950''' - Clay County Marriage Books 1-57, A-U Index 1893-1950 in {{RecordSearch|1417439|Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="hc">FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "[[Arkansas_County_Marriages_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)|Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]," in ''FamilySearch Wiki.''</ref>
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
+
==== Death ====
 +
{{AR Vital Records - Death Intro|Clay}}
  
[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/society.htm Clay County Genealogical &amp;&nbsp;Historical Society]
+
*'''1947 - 1958''' - Clay County Death Index 1947-1958. Batch {{IGI|B734489}} at FamilySearch - free.
  
[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/corning/index.html Corning Library]<br>613 Pine St<br>Corning AR 72422<br>870-857-3453
+
==== Divorce ====
 +
{{AR Vital Records - Divorce Intro|Clay}}
  
[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/piggott/index.html Piggott Library]<br>316 W Main<br>Piggott AR 72454<br>870-598-3666
+
== Research Facilities ==
 +
{{AR Research Facilities Intro|Clay}}
  
[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/rector/index.html Rector Library]<br>121 W 4th St<br>Rector AR 72461<br>870-595-2410<br>
+
=== Archives ===
 +
{{AR Archives Intro|Clay}}
  
==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
+
=== Family History Centers ===
 +
{{Family History Centers Intro}}
  
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
 
*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
=== Libraries ===
 +
{{AR Libraries Intro|Clay}}
 +
 
 +
*[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/corning/ Corning Library]<br>613 Pine St<br>Corning AR 72422<br>870-857-3453
 +
*[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/piggott/ Piggott Library]<br>316 W Main<br>Piggott AR 72454<br>870-598-3666
 +
*[http://www.mylibrarynow.org/rector/ Rector Library]<br>121 W 4th St<br>Rector AR 72461<br>870-595-2410
 +
=== Museums ===
 +
{{AR Museums Intro|Clay}}
 +
== Societies ==
 +
{{AR Societies Intro|Clay}}
 +
*[http://www.argenweb.net/clay/society.htm Clay County Genealogical &amp;&nbsp;Historical Society]
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.<br>
+
== Websites ==
*{{FHL|Arkansas%2C+Clay|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
+
{{AR Websites Intro|Clay}}
  
== References  ==
+
* [http://www.argenweb.net/clay/ ARGenWeb]. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
 +
* [http://www.usgwarchives.net/ar/clay/clay.htm USGenWeb Archives]. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
* [http://resources.rootsweb.ancestry.com/USA/AR/Clay/ RootsWeb]. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
 +
* [http://www.linkpendium.com/genealogy/USA/AR/clay// Linkpendium]. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
* [http://www.cyndislist.com/us/ar/counties/clay/ CyndisList]. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
 +
*{{FHL Place IDNum|194481|Arkansas|Clay}}- The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use [https://familysearch.org/search/ Historical Records] to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  
<references />
+
== Research Guides ==
 +
{{AR Research Guides Intro|Clay}}
  
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}
+
== References ==
 +
<references />
  
[[Category:Clay_County,_Arkansas]]
+
{{Arkansas|Arkansas}}
 +
[[Category:Clay_County,_Arkansas]] [[Category:Arkansas Counties]]

Latest revision as of 18:22, 20 September 2017

United States
Arkansas
Clay County
 

Guide to Clay County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

{{{link}}}
County Facts
County seat: Piggott
Organized: March 24, 1873
Parent County(s): Randolph and Greene [1]
Neighboring Counties
Butler (MO)  • Dunklin (MO)  • Greene  • Randolph  • Ripley (MO)
See County Maps
Courthouse
ArkansasClayWesternDistrictCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Ar-clay.png
Adoption
This page is available for adoption

County Information

Description

According to History and Traditions of Clay County , compiled by Robert T. Webb, edited and indexed by Frank Cochran, the people moved the county seat from Corning to Boydsville in 1877. Most of the people lived in the eastern part of the county and it was difficult to travel through the bottoms to Corning. Changing the county seat did not change the difficulty of crossing the bottoms, but only transferred it to the people in the Western part. In 1881 the county was divided into two districts with Boydsville the Eastern county seat and Corning the Western county seat. In 1888 the people voted to move the eastern county seat to Piggott.[2]

County Courthouse

Clay County Courthouse
PO Box 306
Piggott, AR 72454
Phone: 870.598.2813
Clay County website

Clerk Circuit Court has land, divorce and court records from 1893.
County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1893.[3]

Clay County, Arkansas

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914* 1893 1914* 1893 1893 1893
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss

  • 1893 - The Eastern District courthouse burned on January 11, 1893. Will and deed records begin in April, 1881, and are complete to date except deed record E from March 1, 1891 to January 31, 1892, as this was burned. Other records of Clay County from December 1875 to the end of February 1893 were also burned.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

  • 1873--Clay County was created 24 March 1873 from Randolph and Greene Counties. 
  • County seat: Piggott[5]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Clay County, Arkansas:

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Clay County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [6]

  • 1800s - early, European settlement in the Clay County area began with Pierre LeMieux, a Frenchman who settled east of the Black River.
  • 1800s - Veterans of the War of 1812 who were given land grants in Arkansas began to settle in the area.
  • 1849-1850 - Congress passed the Swamp Land Acts of 1849 and 1850. Public swampland was transferred to Arkansas, and then the land was sold cheaply.
  • 1873 - March 24, During Reconstruction, Clayton County was created by the Arkansas legislature taking portions of Greene and Randolph counties.
  • 1875 - Arkansas General Assembly of 1875 changed the name of Clayton County to Clay County.
  • 1883 - Railroads did more than provide a new avenue for export and import of raw and finished products. They also brought more settlers into the area.
  • 1900s - At the start of the twentieth century, the timber industry reached its zenith.

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Clay County, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
  • Find A Grave Click "Refine Last Search" on the left, enter a name, click "Search"
  • Arkansas Gravestones enter a name and click "Search"
  • Billion Graves Enter a name and click "Search" (Statewide. Can search by county, but many with no results.)
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

 

Allen

Allmandinger
Bethlehem
Black
Blooming Grove
Brown
Brownie
Cantwell
Crockett
Cummings
Gilchrist
Gravel Hill

Green
Hall
Hardin
Hill
Hillsboro
Hitt
Hosea
Johnson #1
Johnson #2
Leonard
Liberty Hill
Little Flock
Mary's Chapel

Masterson
Mitchell
Moark
Mound
Myer Hill
New Hope
Nimmons
Parks
Piggott
Purcell
Redenbo
Richwoods
Rock Springs

Rogers
Saint Bernard
Salem
Scatterville
Travillian
Underwood
Williams
Williams
Winston
Woodland Heights US Genweb
Woodland Heights BillionGraves

 

Census Records

Church Records

Hopewell Baptist Church, near Reyno

Court Records

(Western District)
Clay County Clerk's Office
Western District
800 W 2nd St
Corning AR 72422
870-857-3480

(Eastern District)
Office of the County Clerk
PO Box 306
Piggott AR 72454-0306
870-598-2813

Various Court Records of Clay County

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

  • Probate Records 1881-1955 Clay County portion of the collection: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • Includes Administration bonds and letters 1881-1955; Guardian bonds and letters 1893-1938; Inventories and appraisements 1881-1919; Minutes 1881-1918; Probate records 1893-1906; Sale bills 1881-1920; Wills 1884-1944.

Land and Property Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Click on a neighboring county to go to the wiki page.
Clay CountyGreene CountyRandolph CountyLawrence CountyCraighead CountyDunklin CountyPemiscot CountyNew Madrid CountyButler CountyRipley CountyStoddard CountyMississippi CountyLake CountyDyer CountyLauderdale CountyFulton CountyARClay.JPG

Migration

Military Records

Civil War

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War Battle was fought in Clay County.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clay County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Vital Records

Birth

  • 1947 - 1958 - Clay County Birth Index 1947-1958. Batch C734491 at FamilySearch - free.

Marriage

Death

  • 1947 - 1958 - Clay County Death Index 1947-1958. Batch B734489 at FamilySearch - free.

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Websites

  • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. http://www.argenweb.net/clay/earlyhistory.htm and http://www.argenweb.net/clay/corningcourthouses.htm
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Tracy L. Johnson, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=755&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent=+%3a+accessed+January+6%2c+2016)%2c : accessed January 11, 2016), “Clay County.”
  7. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf.
  9. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki.