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Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Clarke County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Clarke County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Clarke County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 10, 1812
County Seat Grove Hill
Clarke County Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Clarke County Courthouse
114 Court Street
Grove Hill, AL 36451
(251) 275-3363
County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Clarke County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1908 1814 1908 1813 1820 1814 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Probate Judge has marriage and probate records from 1814 and land records from 1820 Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records Health Clinic has birth and death records [2]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named in honor of General John Clarke of Georgia. The County has Grove Hill as its seat and the County was created 10 December 1812. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[3]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1812--Clarke County was created 10 December 1812 from Washington County.
County seat: Grove Hill [4]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
  • Gosport
  • Greenwood
  • Manila
  • Mays Crossroads
  • McEntyre
  • McVay
  • McWer
  • Midway
  • Morvin
  • Nettleboro
  • Opine
  • Peacock
  • Pleasant Hill
  • Rock Springs
  • Roundhill
  • Rural
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]


Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Clarke, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Clarke county cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

Clarke County, Alabama
Year Pop.
1820 5,839
1830 7,595 30.1%
1840 8,640 13.8%
1850 9,786 13.3%
1860 15,049 53.8%
1870 14,663 −2.6%
1880 17,806 21.4%
1890 22,624 27.1%
1900 27,790 22.8%
1910 30,987 11.5%
1920 26,409 −14.8%
1930 26,016 −1.5%
1940 27,636 6.2%
1950 26,548 −3.9%
1960 25,738 −3.1%
1970 26,724 3.8%
1980 27,702 3.7%
1990 27,240 −1.7%
2000 27,867 2.3%
2010 25,833 −7.3%
Sources: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  through 1960

For tips on accessing Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Clarke County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2008. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.1245 E7b.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

  • Ball, Rev. T. H. A Glance into the Great South-East, on, Clarke County, Alabama, and its Surroundings, from 1540 to 1877. Grove Hill, AL, USA: n.p., 1882. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Graham, John Simpson. History of Clarke County. Birmingham, Ala.: Press of Birmingham Print. Co., 1923. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps[edit | edit source]

ChotawMarengoWilcoxMonroeBaldwinWashingtonAL CLARKE.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

 Military [edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Clarke County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Clarke County.

- 5th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A
- 11th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E
- 22nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B "Frank Lyon Rifles"
- 23rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K "Kings Guard"
- 24th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E "Dickinson Guards"
- 24th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 32nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D, E, G and H
- 38th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A and I
- 38th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D [also called Co. "G"]

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Alabama Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Alabama Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records are held by the Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Court. Most records are housed at the Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1816 - Inhabitants of Alabama in 1816. Broken Arrow Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 1955. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Includes Clarke County.
  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Clarke County is in District 1.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
  • 1812–1891, 1899, 1918, 1920, 1929, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry ($). This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
  • 1814-1900 "Alabama Marriages, 1809–1920"at Ancestry $. This database is a collection of marriage records from the state. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. The county where the ceremony was performed is also provided. Containing about 150,000 records and the names of nearly 300,000 men and women.
  • 1814-1891 - McManus, Grace Kelly. Clarke County, Alabama, Marriage Records 1814-1891. 1955. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free.

Death[edit | edit source]
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry $. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.
  • 1908–1959 Index to Deaths recorded by the state of Alabama at Ancestry $. The index includes name of the deceased, county of death, date of death, and the state certificate number (volume and page).

Voting Registers[edit | edit source]

  • There are no 1867 voting registers available for Clarke County.

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Clarke County Historical Society
116 West Cobb St.
Grove Hill, AL
Publication: Quarterly
USGenWeb's Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy

Clarke County Museum
116 West Cobb St.
Grove Hill, AL
Clarke County Historical Museum, Alabama

Clarke Grove Hill Public Library
Grove Hill Public Library

Thomasville Public Library

Family History Centers
[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Family History Centre Locator

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clarke County, Alabama. Page 36 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clarke County p. 36. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Clarke County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, 05/30/2017.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Clarke County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 7 October 2018.