Chowan County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Chowan County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Chowan County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1670
County Seat Edenton
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United States  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Chowan County

County Courthouse

Chowan County Courthouse.jpg


Chowan was formed in 1670 as a precinct in Albemarle County. It was named in honor of the Indian tribe Chowan, which lived in the northeastern part of the Colony. It is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Albemarle Sound, Chowan River, and Bertie, Hertford, Gates and Perquimans counties. The present land area is 172.64 square miles and the 2000 population was 14,150. In 1720, Edenton, which was named in honor of Governor Charles Eden, was established. In 1722 it was designated and has continued to be the county seat.


Parent County

1670--Chowan County was created in 1670 from Shaftesbury Precinct of Albemarle County.
County seat: Edenton [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Many court records said to have been destroyed by acting clerk of court.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




Business Directories & Year Books




St. Paul's Parish (Church of England, later Episcopal) has operated in Chowan County since colonial times.

Online records:

Published records:

  • Fouts, Raymond Parker. The Vestry Minutes of St. Paul's Parish, Chowan County, North Carolina, 1701-1776. Second Edition. Cocoa, Fla., 1998. 1983 edition: FHL Book 975.6147 K2f.



Family Histories

  • [de Clugny] Coddington, John Insley. "The Marquis de Clugny at Edenton, North Carolina, 1795-1798," The American Genealogist, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):144-148. FHL 973 D25aga v. 42; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [Jones] Jones, L.H. Captain Roger Jones of London and Virginia, Some of His Antecedents and Descendants: With Appreciative Notice of Other Families, viz.: Bathurst, Belford, Browning, Carter, Catesby, Cocke, Graham, Fauntleroy, Hickman, Hoskins, Latanes, Lewis, Meriwether, Skelton, Walker, Waring, Woodford, and Others: Notes. Albany, N.Y.: J. Munsell's Sons, 1891. FHL Fiche 6060672; digital version at Family History Archives; Google Books; Internet Archive.




Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, usually known as the Bethel Regiment.
-1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
-11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry



Vital Records

Wills & Estates

Societies and Libraries

Family history Centers

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).