Chowan County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Gotoarrow.png Chowan County

link= Carolina_Online_Genealogy_Records North Carolina
Online Records

Chowan County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Chowan County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1670
County Seat Edenton
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County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Chowan County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records
Chowan County Courthouse.jpg
 Chowan County Courthouse
101 S Broad St
Edenton, Nc 27932
Phone: 252-482-3062

Register of Deeds has marriage and land records
Clerk Superior Court has probate and court records[1]


Chowan was formed in 1670 as a precinct in Albemarle County. It was named in honor of the Indian tribe Chowan, which lived in the northeastern part of the Colony. It is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Albemarle Sound, Chowan River, and Bertie, Hertford, Gates and Perquimans counties. The present land area is 172.64 square miles and the 2000 population was 14,150. In 1720, Edenton, which was named in honor of Governor Charles Eden, was established. In 1722 it was designated and has continued to be the county seat.


Parent County

1670--Chowan County was created in 1670 from Shaftesbury Precinct of Albemarle County.
County seat: Edenton [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Many court records said to have been destroyed by acting clerk of court.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties





Business Directories & Year Books



For tips on accessing Chowan County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.


  • Ballard's Bridge. Established 1781.[3]
  • Yoppim River. Established by 1775.[3]
Church of England
  • Chowan Parish, aka St. Paul's Church, Edenton, N.C. Established 1701. Current church built 1737-1774.[4] Hathaway's history (1900) is online.[5][6]
  • East Parish.[7]
  • Northeast Parish.[7]
  • South Parish. Established 1722.[7]
  • Southwest Parish. Established by 1721.[7]

Online records:

Vestry minutes have been published twice:

  • Cain, Robert J., ed. The Church of England in North Carolina: Documents, 1699-1741. Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1999. FHL Book 975.6 K2cr. See Appendix.
  • Fouts, Raymond Parker. The Vestry Minutes of St. Paul's Parish, Chowan County, North Carolina, 1701-1776. Second Edition. Cocoa, Fla., 1998. 1983 edition: FHL Book 975.6147 K2f.




  • de Clugny Coddington, John Insley. "The Marquis de Clugny at Edenton, North Carolina, 1795-1798," The American Genealogist, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Jul. 1966):144-148. FHL 973 D25aga v. 42; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • Jones Jones, L.H. Captain Roger Jones of London and Virginia, Some of His Antecedents and Descendants: With Appreciative Notice of Other Families, viz.: Bathurst, Belford, Browning, Carter, Catesby, Cocke, Graham, Fauntleroy, Hickman, Hoskins, Latanes, Lewis, Meriwether, Skelton, Walker, Waring, Woodford, and Others: Notes. Albany, N.Y.: J. Munsell's Sons, 1891. FHL Fiche 6060672; digital version at FamilySearch Books Online; Google Books; Internet Archive.
  • Mansfield - Dail, Louise Jordan and Doris Jordan McGue. Mansfields of Chowan and Perquimans Counties, North Carolina: and Allied Lines of Caruthers, Floyd and Williams. 2004. FHL Book 929.273 M317dL.




Civil War
Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Chowan County.

Map showing Civil War battles in North Carolina.

Civil War Confederate units

Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, usually known as the Bethel Regiment.
-1st Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
-11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry



Probate Records

Vital Records

Wills & Estates

Societies and Libraries

Family history Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Chowan County, North Carolina. Page 507 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:475, 485. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  4. Lawrence Foushee London and Sarah McCulloh Lemmon, The Episcopal Church in North Carolina, 1701-1959 (Raleigh, N.C.: The Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, 1987), 21. FHL Book 975.6 K2e; "St. Paul's Episcopal Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  5. J.R.B. Hathaway, "The First Church Built in North Carolina and Its Location, Etc.," The North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Apr. 1900):256-266. Digitized by Internet Archive - free.
  6. J.R.B. Hathaway, "St. Paul's Church, Edenton, N.C.," The North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. 1, No. 4 (Oct. 1900):600-609. Digital version at Internet Archive - free.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Robert J. Cain, ed., The Church of England in North Carolina: Documents, 1699-1741 (Raleigh, N.C.: Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1999), xxxiii, 501. FHL Book 975.6 K2cr.
  8. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 8 August, 2012)