Choctaw Indians

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Choctaw Indian-Pisatuntema in Partial Native Dress with Choctaw Indian Native Hairstyle1909.jpg

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Various Spellings: Choctaw, Chactaw, Chaktaw

The Choctaw Tribe is primarily associated with the states of Louisiana, Alabama, and Oklahoma[1]. See below for at least a partial lists of groups of Choctaw Indians and the reservations associated with each.

The Choctaw Tribe is one of the Five Civilized Tribes

Tribal Headquarters

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 1210
Durant, OK 74702-1210
Phone: 1.800.522.6170

History

Early allies with the French

Inter tribal conflict with the Creek and Chickasaw


Brief Timeline

1540: De Soto first recorded non Indian to encounter the tribe

1763: with the French surrendered to the British many moved west of Mississippi

1786: Treaty

1820: ceded some land

1830: Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek,

1831-1833: First of Five Civilized Tribes forced from their homeland. Removed to Indian Territory

1918: Choctaw Indian Agency in Philadelphia, Mississippi established

World War I and II: the U.S. government used members of the Choctaw Nation for secure communications.  They became the first code-talkers 

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Choctaw  tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.


Reservations

Oklahoma: Latimer and Pushmataha counties

Mississippi: Neshoba, Newton, Leake, Scott, Jones, Attala, Kemper, Winston counties

Groups or Parts of the Choctaw Tribe and Their Reservations

Choctaw Nation (Oklahoma)

Jena Band (Louisiana)

Mississippi Band

Records

Agency Records

Census Records

  • 1830 Armstrong Roll www.accessgenealogy.com
  • 1855 Cooper Roll of Easter Choctaw www.accessgenealogy.com  Families living East of the Mississippi River in the states of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama.  (roll contains: names of heads of families, place of residence, and numbers of men, women, and children in families)
  • 1896 Census (cemetery, church, and marriage1897-1901, 1907-1910) FHL film: 1206500  second filming 488191
Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Post - 1885 Census M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Choctaw Union Agency - Muskogee Area 1875-80 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Roll 685 -
Choctaw Mississippi Choctaw, Philadelphia, Mississippi, 1926-39 Washington D.C. Rolls 15, 41-42 57422-201


Correspondence

Tribe Agency Location of  Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

 Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Choctaw Choctaw Agency,                1824-76 Washington D.C. Rolls 169-96 -
Choctaw Jones Academy, Hartshorne, 1901-53 Fort Worth - -
Choctaw Union Agency-Muskogee Area,    1875-80 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 865-77 -
Choctaw, Mississippi Choctaw, Philadelphia, Miss., 1926-39 Washington D.C. - -

Enrollment Records

Land Records

Choctaw certificates of ownership in Boone County, Arkansas. FHL film: 1031068 item 33

Periodicals

Choctaw Community News, 1969-1973. FHL film: 965784 item 5 and 979257 item 9

Removal Records

Trade

Superintendent of Indian Trade. Records of the Choctaw Trading house 1803-1824. FHL film 1025085-1025090

Treaties

  •  1783 January 3, at Hopewell 
  •  1796 June 29, with Creek  
  • December 17, 1801, at Fort Adams
  •  1802 October 17, at Fort Confederation 
  •  1803
  •  1805 November 16, at Mount Dexter 
  • October 27, 1805, Chickasaw
  • August 9, 1814,
  •  1816 October 24, 
  •  1820 October 18 near Doaks Stand 
  •  1825 January 20, at Washington 
  • February 12,1825, Creek
  • May 6, 1828, - Cherokee
  •  1830 September 27, at Dancing Rabbit Creek 
  • February 14, 1833,
  •  1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes, with Comanche 
  •  1835 January 17, at Doaksville 
  • 1837- Chickasaw
  •  1854 November 4, at Doaksville,  with Chicksaw 
  •  1855 June 22, at Washington, with Chickasaw  
  • September 13, 1855, at Fort Smith-unratified
  •  1865 Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory with Comanche and Kowa 
  •  1865
  • July 4, 1866, with Delaware
  •  1866
  • August 28, 1866, at Washington 

Vital Records

Indian Pioneer Papers

In 1936, the Oklahoma Historical Society and University of Oklahoma requested a writer's project grant from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in which interviews would be conducted with early settlers in Oklahoma who had lived on Indian land. More than 100 writers conducted over 11,000 interviews and were asked to "call upon early settlers and (record) the story of the migration to Oklahoma and their early life here."[2] The University of Oklahoma Western History Collection has digitized the Indian Pioneer Papers which consists of approximately 80,000 indexed entries arranged alphabetically by personal name, place name, or subject. [3] An index to the Indian Pioneer Papers may also be found at OkGenWeb Oklahoma Genealogy. A separate index of Indians interviewed, including the Choctaw, may be viewed at: “Indians in the Indian Pioneer Papers” Some of the surnames from the Choctaw tribe found in the collection are: Anderson, Baker, Beam (Stevens), Bond, Homer/Homma (Latimer), Jones (Choate), Kemp, Labor (Airington), Moore, Miashintubbee.

References
  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online
  2. .” Blackburn, Bob L. "Battle Cry for History: The First Century of the Oklahoma Historical Society." n.d. Oklahoma Historical Society. 5 Oct. 1998.
  3. The University of Oklahoma Western History Collections http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/

Important Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Choctaw

Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; Family History Library book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; Family History Library book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; Family History Library book 970.1 W146e 2006.