Choctaw Indians

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Choctaw Indian-Pisatuntema in Partial Native Dress with Choctaw Indian Native Hairstyle1909.jpg
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Various Spellings: Choctaw, Chactaw, Chaktaw

The Choctaw Tribe is primarily associated with the states of Louisiana, Alabama, and Oklahoma[1]. See below for at least a partial lists of groups of Choctaw Indians and the reservations associated with each.

The Choctaw Tribe is one of the Five Civilized Tribes


Early allies with the French

Inter tribal conflict iwith the Creek and Chickasaw

Brief Timeline

1540: De Soto first recorded non Indian to encounter the tribe

1763: with the French surrendered to the British many moved west of Mississippi

1786: Treaty

1820: ceded some land

1830: Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek,

1831-1833: First of Five Civilized Tribes forced from their homeland. Removed to Indian Territory

1918: Choctaw Indian Agency in Philadelphia, Mississippi established

World War I and II: the U.S. government used members of the Choctaw Nation for secure communications.  They became the first code-talkers 


Oklahoma: Latimer and Pushmataha counties

Mississippi: Neshoba, Newton, Leake, Scott, Jones, Attala, Kemper, Winston counties

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Choctaw  tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Tribal Headquarters

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 1210
Durant, OK 74702-1210
Phone: 1.800.522.6170

Groups or Parts of the Choctaw Tribe and Their Reservations

Choctaw Nation (Oklahoma)

Jena Band (Louisiana)

Mississippi Band


Agency Records

Census Records

  • 1830 Armstrong Roll
  • 1855 Cooper Roll of Easter Choctaw  Families living East of the Mississippi River in the states of Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama.  (roll contains: names of heads of families, place of residence, and numbers of men, women, and children in families)
Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Post - 1885 Census M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number




Choctaw Union Agency - Muskogee Area 1875-80 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Roll 685 -
Choctaw Mississippi Choctaw, Philadelphia, Mississippi, 1926-39 Washington D.C. Rolls 15, 41-42 57422-201


Tribe Agency Location of  Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

 Roll Number


Film Number

Choctaw Choctaw Agency,                1824-76 Washington D.C. Rolls 169-96 -
Choctaw Jones Academy, Hartshorne, 1901-53 Fort Worth - -
Choctaw Union Agency-Muskogee Area,    1875-80 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 865-77 -
Choctaw, Mississippi Choctaw, Philadelphia, Miss., 1926-39 Washington D.C. - -

Enrollment Records

Removal Records


  •  1783 January 3, at Hopewell 
  •  1796 June 29, with Creek  
  • December 17, 1801, at Fort Adams
  •  1802 October 17, at Fort Confederation 
  •  1803
  •  1805 November 16, at Mount Dexter 
  • October 27, 1805, -Chickasaw
  • August 9, 1814,
  •  1816 October 24, 
  •  1820 October 18 near Doaks Stand 
  •  1825 January 20, at Washington 
  • February 12,1825,- Creek
  • May 6, 1828, - Cherokee
  •  1830 September 27, at Dancing Rabbit Creek 
  • February 14, 1833,
  •  1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes - with Comanche 
  •  1835 January 17, at Doaksville 
  • 1837- Chickasaw
  •  1854 November 4, at Doaksville - with Chicksaw 
  •  1855 June 22, at Washington, with Chickasaw  
  • September 13, 1855, at Fort Smith-unratified
  •  1865 Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory - Comanche and Kowa 
  •  1865
  • July 4, 1866, - Delaware
  •  1866
  • August 28, 1866, at Washington 

 Vital Records

Important Web Sites


  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online


  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; Family History Library book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; Family History Library book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; Family History Library book 970.1 W146e 2006.