Chippewa-Cree Indians

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The Chippewa-Cree Indian Tribe is a federally-recognized tribal entity and is primarily associated with the Rocky Boy's Reservation in Montana.

Cree nation is the largest group in Canada. The tribe had two divisions; Woodland Cree and Plains Cree.

Rocky-Boy Sundance.jpg


The Chippewa and Cree united in the 1890's

During the early 1900's the tribes petitioned the government for a reservation, In 1916 the Rocky Boy Reservation was established for the Chippewa-Cree Indians.

For early pre 1916 history and record for the Chippewa see: Chippewa Indians


The Chippewa or Ojibway Indians are one of the largest groups of American Indians in North America. There are nearly 150 different bands of Chippewa in the northern part of the United States and in southern Canada (especially in Ontario, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan).

Brief Time Line 

  • 1916: assigned to Rocky Boy's Reservation in Montana with the Plains Cree
  • 1953: United States terminates its relationship with the sovereign nation of Chippewa, mandated by House Concurrent Resolution 108.
  • 1968: the American Indian Movement (AIM) founded by three Ojibwa: Dennis Banks, George Mitchell, and Clyde Bellecourt

Brief History

Brief Timeline

  • 1611: First non-Indian contact whith Henry Hudson
  • Late 1600's: Cree were trading with colonist and the Hudson Bay Company which had set up post at the mouth of the Nelson, Moose and Albany rivers.
  • 1730: removed to the prairies; making them less dependent on the trading post. They took over land held by the Assiniboin. The Assiniboin became their principal ally
  • 1700"s trade relations with the Blackfee. These relations were maintained until 1790-1810 when the relation broke down. 
  • 1800: Missionaries convert many to Chrisianity
  • The Cree worked with both the English post and the French post.
  • 1840-: Intertribal war with the Blackfeet, Dakota, Crow, Cheyenne, Nez Perce and Flathead 
  • 1860: population of the Plains Cree numbered 12,500 by 1899: 6807
  • 1881: Buffalo herds deminished; the tribe was on edge of starvation.
  • 1916: assigned with the Chippewa to Rocky Boy's Reservation in Montana
  • 1920-1940: Many die from tuberculosis, flu, measles, whooping cough and bronchitis.


This tribe is primarily associated with the Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation in Montana

Additional References to the History of the Tribes

Tribal Headquarters

Chippewa Cree Tribe
RR1 Box 544
Box Elder, Mt. 59521
Phone: 406.395.4478 fax: 406.395.4497
Phone: 406.395.5705 fax: 406.395.5702


Census Records

Rocy Boy Agency; M595, 1919-1939, FHL film: 581420

Important Web Sites



  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published