Chilocco Indian School
Chilocco Indian School opened in 1884 with 100 students. It was built on land donated by the Cherokee Nation in 1866. The school closed in 1980. At its height, it had over 100 buildings, including a printing press, golf course, gas station, fire station, a lumber shed, granary, garages, tennis courts, swimming pool, a water tower, and several dorms. Over 18,000 students attended Chilocco between 1884 and 1980, representing 126 tribes. 5,542 received a high school diploma from Chilocco, nearly half of which came from four tribes – Cherokee, Choctaw, Navajo, and Creek.
A large portion of the records of Chilocco School are deposited at the Southwest Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) at Fort Worth. This collection includes the standard administrative records, including:
- Lists of students, 1884-1960
- Student case files, 1912-60
The Oklahoma Historical Society also has a sizeable amount of records in their Chilocco Indian School Collection, 1884-1980, including newspaper articles, school annuals, and some student files.
Texas Tech University at Lubbock has a collection of records for the Chilocco School, 1963-1996. This collection includes the original student rosters for the years 1968-1975, which provides such information as student names, grade level, sex, birth date, tribe, name of guardian or parent, community address, and agency.
Microfilm copies of student enrollment records and some correspondence in the holdings of both the Oklahoma Historical Society and the Ft. Worth Regional Archives are also available at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.
Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States
Lomawaima, K. Tsianina. They called it Prairie Light: The Story of Chilocco Indian School. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.