Difference between revisions of "Chickasaw Indians"

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'''Various spellings''': Chickasaw, Chickesaw  
 
'''Various spellings''': Chickasaw, Chickesaw  

Revision as of 20:38, 1 April 2010

File:Chickasaw Indian Okterritory Map.png
Chickasaw Indian Okterritory Map.png
 






Various spellings: Chickasaw, Chickesaw

Original homeland on the northern Mississippi, western Tennessee, western Kentucky and eastern Arkansas.

The Chickasaw Nation is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma[1].

Member of the Five Civilized Tribes: Chickasaw, Choctaw, Cherokee, Creek and Seminole

Linguistic group: Muskhogean


History

Brief Timeline

  • 1729: Natchez Revolt, the Natchez joind the Chickasaw
  • ----: During the French and Indian War were allies of the British
  • 1786: Hopewell Treaty; northern boundary of the Ohio River.
  • 1809-11: Tecumseh, a Shawnee chief, tried to unite Indians against the United States
  • 1822: some moved west of the Mississippi
  • 1832: 
  • 1837: removed to Indian Territory
  • 1855: treaty separating land of Chickasaw and Choctaw.

Brief History

Reservations

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Chickasaw tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Tribal Headquarters

Chickasaw Nation Headquarters
P.O. Box 1548
Ada, OK 74821
Phone: 580.436.2603

Records 

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-1880 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number
Chickasaw Chickasaw Agency,         1824-70 Washington D.C. Rolls 135-48 - - -
Chickasaw Choctaw Agency, 1855-74 Washington D.C. Rolls 169-96 - - -
Chickasaw Muskogee Area Office, 1870-1952 Fort Worth - - - -
Chickasaw Union Agency,     1875-1914 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 865-77 - - -

Treaties

  • 1786 January 10, at Hopewell 
  • 1801 October 24, at Chickasaw Bluffs 
  • December 17, 1801
  • 1805 July 23, 
  • January 7, 1806, in Cherokee treaty
  • August 9, 1814, Creek treaty
  • 1816 September 20, at Chickasaw Council House 
  • October 19, 1818, at Chickasaw Old Town
  • 1830 August 31, at Franklin 
  • 1832 October 20, at Chickasaw Council House (Pontitock) 
  • 1832 October 22, supplementary 
  • 1834 May 24, 
  • 1837 January 17, at Doaksville 
  • 1852 June 22, at Washington 
  • 1854 November 4, at Doaksville 
  • 1855 June 22, at Washington 
  • 1865 September 13, at Fort Smith 
  • 1866 April 28, at Washington  
  • July 4, 1866, Delaware treaty

Important Web Sites

References

  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online

Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; Family History Library book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; Family History Library book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; Family History Library book  970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; Family History Library book  970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; Family History Library book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; Family History Library book  970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  • Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; Family Hisotry Library book  970.1 W146e 2006.