Cheyenne River Indian Agency (South Dakota)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
- Miniconjou, Sans Arcs, Two Kettle (Oohenonpa) and Blackfeet Bands of the Sioux
The Cheyenne River Agency was established in 1869 and is located in Eagle Butte, South Dakota. Its primary responsibility is for the Sans Arc Band of Sioux Indians. It was known as the Forest City Agency from 1892-1894. It was placed under the Aberdeen Area Office in 1949.
Many of the records of the Cheyenne River Agency have been transferred to the Central Plains Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Some of the records in this collection, identified by NARA inventories, which may be of interest to family historians, are:
- Records of Indian policemen, 1878-1893
- Censuses and family registers, 1879-1937
- Vital statistics, 1886-1951
- Annuity rolls, 1894-1919
- Heirship records, 1904-1941
- Allotment records, 1886-1910
- School records, 1917-1926
- Family surveys, 1921-1922
Most of these records have been microfilmed and are available through the Family History Library and its system of family history centers.
Letters received from the Cheyenne River Agency, 1871-1880, are included among Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, filmed by the National Archives as their Microcopy M248, Rolls 127-141. This set of records is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1660857 thru 1660861).
Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Cheyenne River Agency, 1874-1900, are on roll 5 of that Microcopy set. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617678).
The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Cheyenne River Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Cheyenne River Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 48, Cheyenne River Agency, in Dewey County, South Dakota and in District 48, Cheyenne River Agency, in Sterling County, South Dakota.
Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Cheyenne River Agency, 1907-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 16-17, available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm roll numbers 1724234-1724235). Reports for some years are missing.
Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1886-1887, 1890-1892, 1894-1907, and 1909-1942. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 33 thru 40. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 574192-574199). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Marquette University. Guide to Catholic-Related Records in the Midwest about Native Americans.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
- "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.