Cheyenne Indians

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Ancestral Homeland: Kansas to North Dakota

Various spellings: Cheyenne, Chayenne

Linguistic group: Algonkian


History

Brief Timeline

  • 1804: Lewis and Clark encountered the Cheyenne tribe near the Black Hills of South Dakota. 
  • 1860: Battles of Ash Hollow and Sand Creek
  • 1876: the Northern Cheyenne helped defeat General George Armstrong Custer's forces at the Little Bighorn
  • 1884: Northern Cheyenne granted a reservation lands in Montana

Brief History

Reservations

Southern Cheyenne had settled in southern then moved to Oklahoma

Northern Cheyenne Reservation in southern Montana.

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Cheyenne tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in David Bushnell's Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi.

Tribal Headquarters

Northern Cheyenne Tribe
Box 128
Lame Deer, Montana 59043
Phone: (406) 477-6284
Fax: (406) 477-6210

Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

 Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Post-1885 Census M595  RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film Number

Cheyenne Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, 1824-1952 Fort Worth Rolls 119-26 -

Rolls 11, 16-17, 27-32,362-67,425, 478-79, 574-79

573873-877, 574191

Cheyenne Upper Missouri Agency, 1824-46 Washington D.C. Rolls 883-88 - - -
Cheyenne Upper Platte Agency, 1846-70 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-96 - - -
 Cheyenne Upper Arkansas Aggency, 1855-74 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - - -
Cheyenne Red Cloud (Pine Ridge) Agency, 1867-1961 Kansas City Rolls 715-26 - Rolls 362-69 573873-877, 574191

Cheyenne, Northern

Northern Cheyenne Agency 1884-1952 Seattle - - - -
Cheyenne, Northern Tongue River Agency, 1886-1939 Washington D.C. - - Rolls 574-79 -
Cheyenne Seger School (Concho Agency), 1891-1952 Fort Worth - - Roll 479 -
Cheyenne Cantonment Agency, 1903-27 Fort Worth - - Rolls 16-17 563873-877, 574191
Cheyenne Red Moon Census, 1909-12, 1914-16 Fort Worth - - Roll 425

573873-877, 574191

Treaties

  • 1825 July 6, at mouth to Teton River 
  • 1851 September 17, at Fort Laramie 
  • September 24, 1857, referred to in Pawnee treaty
  • 1861 February 18, at Fort Wise 
  • 1865 October 14, at Little Arkansas River 
  • 1865 October 17, 
  • 1867 October 28, at Council Camp 

Vital Records

  • Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency: M595, births and deaths 1925-1934, FHL Film: 574191
  • Cheyenne River Agency,  M595, births and deaths  1925-1932, FHL Film: 574198
  • Cheyenne River Agency, M595, births and deaths 1932-1941, FHL Film: 574199

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

Cheyenne

  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, c1998. FHL book 970.1 C197p

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published