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Cheyenne County, Kansas Genealogy

Guide to Cheyenne County, Kansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: St. Francis
Organized: March 6, 1873
Parent County(s): unorganized territory [1]
Neighboring Counties
Dundy (NE)  • Kit Carson (CO)  • Rawlins  • Sherman  • Yuma (CO)
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Kansas highlighting Cheyenne County svg.bmp

County InformationEdit


The county was named for the Cheyenne Native Americans. It is located in the northwestern area of the state.[2]

County CourthouseEdit

Cheyenne County Courthouse
P.O. Box 985
St. Francis, Kansas 67756-0646
Phone: 785.332.2401
Cheyenne County Website

Clerk District Court has marriage records from 1886, divorce, court and probate records from 1892.
Register of Deeds has land records from mid-1800’s and military discharge records from 1919. [1]

Cheyenne County, Kansas Record DatesEdit

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1911 1886 1911 1892 mid-1800s 1892 1855
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.[4]

Record LossEdit

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary ChangesEdit

Populated PlacesEdit

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
  • Benkelman
  • Bird City
  • Calhoun
  • Cleveland Run
  • Jacqua
  • Orlando
  • Wano
Ghost towns
  • Clugh
  • Gurney
  • Hourglass
  • Jaqua
  • Lwwnridge
  • Orlando

History TimelineEdit


Bible RecordsEdit


Business, Commerce, and OccupationsEdit


Cemeteries of Cheyenne County, Kansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kansas Cemeteries for more information

Census RecordsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1880 37
1890 4,401 11794.6%
1900 2,640 −40.0%
1910 4,248 60.9%
1920 5,587 31.5%
1930 6,948 24.4%
1940 6,221 −10.5%
1950 5,668 −8.9%
1960 4,708 −16.9%
1970 4,256 −9.6%
1980 3,678 −13.6%
1990 3,243 −11.8%
2000 3,165 −2.4%
2010 2,726 −13.9%
Source: "".

Kansas became a territory in 1854 and the first territory census taken was in 1855. It was also enumerated as Kansas Territory in the 1860 Federal Census, although there were 15 counties that were marked with "no population" in them. The state continued to take state censuses after it was admitted to the Union in 1861.[6] See links listed below.

State and Territorial Census RecordsEdit

Federal Census RecordsEdit

The 1870 Census was the first Federal Census taken for Kansas after it became a state in 1861.[7] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Kansas Census.

Church RecordsEdit

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.

Court RecordsEdit


Emigration and ImmigrationEdit

Ethnic, Political, and Religious GroupsEdit

Funeral HomesEdit



Land and Property RecordsEdit

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Kansas Land and Property

Local HistoriesEdit

Local histories are available for Cheyenne County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.

Maps and GazetteersEdit

Cheyenne CountyRawlins CountyThomas CountySheridan CountyYuma County, ColoradoDundy County, NebraskaCheyenne, Kansas.JPG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military RecordsEdit

  • Cheyenne County was not organized until after the Civil War.  No records of men enlisting from Cheyenne County exist.

Online CollectionsEdit

These collections are unique to Kansas. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Kansas Military Records.

Collections Covering Multiple Wars

Civil War

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

For further information see Kansas Military Records.

Naturalization and CitizenshipEdit


For more information, see Kansas Newspapers.

Kansas Newspapers Online

Kansas Newspaper Catalogs


Other RecordsEdit

Voter Records


Probate RecordsEdit

In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Cheyenne and click Probate records.

Online Records

School RecordsEdit

Tax RecordsEdit

Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.

Vital RecordsEdit

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.





Research FacilitiesEdit


Family History CentersEdit

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




Cheyenne County Historical Society
West Highway 36, Box 611
St. Francis 67756


Research GuidesEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cherokee County, Kansas. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Cheyenne County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Kansas 8/09/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Cheyenne County, Kansas. Page 249 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. “Kansas Research Outline”, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Department, 2000), 40.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Cheyenne County, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Kansas#Communities, accessed 9/11/2017.
  6. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 118-119.
  7. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 119.