Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy

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Chesterfield County, Virginia
Boundary map of Chesterfield County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Chesterfield County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1749
County Seat Chesterfield
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Chesterfield County 

County Courthouse


Chesterfield County Courthouse
9500 Courthouse Road
P O Box 125
Chesterfield, Va 23832
Phone: 804-748-1241

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1771,
land records from 1749, divorce, probate and court records[1]

Beginning Dates for Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1771 1853 1810 1749 1749


Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (1694-1773)

The county was named after British statesman Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (1694-1773).[2]

Parent County

1749--Chesterfield County was created 1 May 1749 from Henrico County.
County seat: Chesterfield [3]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


African American

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

  • [Bass] King, George Harrison Sanford. "Bass Family Bible, Chesterfield County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1965):81-83. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).


For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Chesterfield County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Chesterfield County:[4]

  • Andrews Cemetery
  • Bermuda Memorial Park
  • Bethel Cemetery
  • Bethia Cemetery
  • Brown Cemetery
  • Brown Grove Cemetery
  • Cary Cemetery
  • Centenary Cemetery
  • Central Cemetery
  • Centralia Cemetery
  • Cheatham Cemetery
  • Chesterfield Cemetery
  • Dahl Cemetery
  • Dale Memorial Park
  • Ettrick Cemetery
  • Fuqua Cemetery
  • Gill Grove Cemetery
  • Hollywood Cemetery
  • Hopewell Cemetery
  • Jones Cemetery
  • Lester Cemetery
  • Mount Giea Cemetery
  • Mount Gilead Cemetery
  • Mount Hermon Cemetery
  • Mount Minnis Memorial Park
  • Mount Pisgah Cemetery
  • Oak Grove Cemetery
  • Old Lane Cemetery
  • Old Tomahawk Cemetery
  • Perdue Family Cemetery
  • Providence Cemetery
  • Saint Anns Cemetery
  • Salem Cemetery
  • Sappony Cemetery
  • Second Branch Cemetery
  • Skinquarter Cemetery
  • Sunset Memorial Park Cemetery
  • Tomahawk Cemetery
  • Trabur Cemetery
  • Traylor Cemetery
  • Union Branch Cemetery
  • Vaughan-Eyler Family Cemetery
  • Wilson Cemetery
  • Woods Cemetery
  • Wyatt Cemetery


Historical populations
Census Pop.

For tips on accessing Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.

1783 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans



Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Chesterfield (1773)[5]
  2. Salem (1794).[5]. A history is available: FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 244. Includes a list of persons buried in the cemetery.
  3. Skinquarter (1778)[5]
  4. Spring Creek (1790)[5]
  5. Tomahawk (1777)[5]

Chesterfield County fell within the bounds of the Middle District Association.

Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also Dale Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also King William Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Manchester Parish



More than 100 genealogies have been published about Chesterfield County families. To view a list, visit Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy.


During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 7 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Manchester and Chesterfield County.[6]


Grants and Patents

Local Histories

  • Cox, T. Bransford, John B. Watkins, and Chesterfield County (Va.). Board of Supervisors. Chesterfield County, Virginia, Its History and Present Condition: Prepared Under the Supervision of John B. Watkins, as Authorized by the Board of Supervisors of the County, August, 1906. Richmond, Va.: Williams Printing Co., 1907. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view).



  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Chesterfield County's 1788 Delinquent List appears on pp. 115-116.]


French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Chesterfield County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Chesterfield County, see pp. 70, 107.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Chesterfield County militia officers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Chesterfield County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Chesterfield County supplied soldiers for the:

- 5th Virginia Regiment
- 15th Virginia Regiment

Chesterfield residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War.[7]

Additional resources:

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Chesterfield County on page 129.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Chesterfield County men served in the 23rd Regiment.[8]

  • Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Chesterfield County.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Chesterfield County, pp. 67-68.]
  • Chesterfield, County Virginia, County Clerk, Muster rolls, 1861-1865, 1812-1813 (Richmond, Virginia, Virginia State Library and Archives, 1992) FHL Film 1929610 30926 Item 2
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy:

  • Information about the following regiments can be found FHL book 975.5594 H2L titled Chesterfield, An Old Virginia County.
- 1st Regiment, Virginia Militia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 1st Regiment, Virginia Reserves (Confederate) (Chesterfield Reserves)
- 2nd Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate)
- 3rd Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate)
- 4th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 6th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company K (Alstadt Grays)).[9]
- 14th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)

Records and histories are available, including:


Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929



Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.


A free index to Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy wills and administrations (-1800) is available at the Library of Virginia website.

Digital Images of Chesterfield County Wills 1774 to 1785.  See names of Testators. Virginia Pioneers

Digital Images  of Chesterfield County Wills 1785 to 1800.  See names of Testators. Virginia Pioneers

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virignia: Chesterfield County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 7, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1963):174-176. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).


How can Virginia tax lists help me? 

  • [1747-1821] Chesterfield County, Virginia Lists of Tithables and Insolvents, 1747-1821. Original records, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia; also available on microfilm at FHL.
  • [1747-1821] Heinegg, Paul. "Chesterfield County Tithables, 1747-1821," Free African, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1747-1778] Chesterfield County - the Colonial Tithe Lists 1747-1778, CD, available for purchase at Binns Genealogy.
  • [1756] Kolbe, J.C. "Chesterfield Tithables, 1756," The Southside Virginian, Vol. 2.
  • [1756] Pritchett, John W. Southside Virginia Genealogies. CD. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2007. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginians - The Family History of John W. Pritchett. [Includes annotated 1756 tithe list of Chesterfield County.]
  • [1762] Hart, L.H. "Chesterfield Tithables, 1762," The Southside Virginian, Vol. 3.
  • [1786, 1788] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [Sources for this publication are the 1786 personal property tax list and a partial reading of the 1788 personal property tax list (only published names that do not appear on 1786 list). Chesterfield County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [1788] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1977):167-171. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Chesterfield County's 1788 Delinquent List appears on pp. 115-116.]
  • [1790, 1801] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Chesterfield County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1791, 1802] Indexed images of the 1791 and 1802 Land Tax Lists of Chesterfield County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] "Chesterfield County, Virginia, 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1971):254-258; Vol. 16, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1972):23-28; Vol. 16, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1972):89-95. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Chesterfield County is included in Vol. 1.]

Vital Records

Indexes to Chesterfield County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

  • Knorr, Catherine Lindsay. Marriage Bonds and Ministers' Returns of Chesterfield County. Pine Bluff, Ark., 1958.
Reviewed in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1959):91-92. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Societies and Libraries


Family History Centers


Learning How to Edit our Wiki Sites

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.

Virginia Pioneers. A fee website, however, you can view names of testators under "counties" for free. Virginia Pioneers ($)


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Chesterfield County, Virginia. Page 712 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia Contributors, "Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia,,_4th_Earl_of_Chesterfield, accessed 12 January 2012.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. USGS Map,
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 254. Digital version at Google Books.
  6. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  7. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 27-28. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  8. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 68. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  9. Michael A. Cavanaugh, 6th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 43.