Cherokee Indian Agency (Arkansas)

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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Indians of Arkansas Gotoarrow.png Cherokee Indian Agency (Arkansas)

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Cherokee, Quapaw, Seneca, and Shawnee, Delaware

History

The Cherokee Agency in the west was established in 1813. Some Cherokee were then living between the Arkansas and White Rivers in what became Arkansas. The agent for the western Cherokee Agency was subordinate to the one in the east until 1817, but was made a full agent in 1818. This agency was at times known as the Arkansas Agency and was also responsible for the Quapaw Indians in Arkansas.

By treaty of 6 May 1828, the Cherokee living in Arkansas agreed to move to Indian Territory and in 1830 the agency headquarters was established at Fort Gibson [see Cherokee Agency (Oklahoma)]. [1][2]

Records

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Cherokee Agency, 1824-1836, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 77-79. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1660807-1660809). Correspondence from this agency was filed by the Office of Indian Affairs under the heading "Cherokee [West]." That heading was used until 1837, when the Cherokee Agency in Indian Territory (later Oklahoma) was made a full agency.[3][4]

A few administrative records for the Cherokee Agency (West), located in Arkansas, are in the National Archives in Washington, DC and have been inventoried by them.[5]

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 153.
  3. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8.
  4. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.
  5. Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services, Entry no. 301. Available online
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online