Difference between revisions of "Central Pacific Railroad"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] >  [[US Migration Railroads|Railroads ]] >  [[Central_Pacific_Railroad|Central Pacific Railroad]]''  
 
''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Migration Internal|Migration ]] >  [[US Migration Railroads|Railroads ]] >  [[Central_Pacific_Railroad|Central Pacific Railroad]]''  
  
[[Image:Trestle CPRR.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Central Pacific Railroad trestle in the mountains. Note the Chinese laborers.]]In 1869 the Central Pacific Railroad out of Sacramento, [[Portal:California|California]], and the [[Union Pacific Railroad|Union Pacific Railroad]] out of Omaha, [[Portal:Nebraska|Nebraska]] linked tracks in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_spike Golden Spike] ceremony at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory_Summit Promontroy Summit], [[Portal:Utah|Utah]] to form the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad service] in the [[United States|United States]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Central Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=299761457 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Union Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Union_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=298717292 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Golden spike," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golden_spike&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=290578008 (accessed 6 July 2009), and Wikipedia contributors, "Promontory, Utah," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Promontory,_Utah&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=297584143 (accessed 6 July 2009).</ref> Settlers were attracted to communities near railroads because they provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the tracks.  
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[[Image:Trestle CPRR.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Central Pacific Railroad trestle in the mountains. Note the Chinese laborers.]]In 1869 the Central Pacific Railroad out of Sacramento, [[Portal:California|California]], and the [[Union Pacific Railroad|Union Pacific Railroad]] out of Omaha, [[Portal:Nebraska|Nebraska]] linked tracks in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_spike Golden Spike] ceremony at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory_Summit Promontroy Summit], [[Portal:Utah|Utah]] to form the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad service] in the [[United States|United States]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Central Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=299761457 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Union Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Union_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=298717292 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Golden spike," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golden_spike&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=290578008 (accessed 6 July 2009), and Wikipedia contributors, "Promontory, Utah," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Promontory,_Utah&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=297584143 (accessed 6 July 2009).</ref> Settlers were attracted to communities near railroads because they provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the tracks.  
  
 
=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
In order to bind the nation together from [[Portal:California|California]] to the eastern states visionaries proposed a railroad between the west and east coasts of the [[United States|United States]]. During the [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|Civil War]] Congress authorized the building of this railroad. Congress offered [[Grants to Land Companies and Railroads|land grants]] along the tracks in a [[Grants to Land Companies and Railroads|checkerboard pattern]] as an incentive to the builders. The company that could build the most track would receive the most land.  
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In order to bind the nation together from [[Portal:California|California]] to the eastern states visionaries proposed a railroad between the west and east coasts of the [[United States|United States]]. During the [[United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865|Civil War]] Congress authorized the building of this railroad. Congress offered [[Grants to Land Companies and Railroads#Railroads|land grants]] along the tracks in a [[Grants to Land Companies and Railroads#Railroads|checkerboard pattern]] as an incentive to the builders. The company that could build the most track would receive the most land.  
  
Starting in 1863 in Sacramento, [[Portal:California|California]], the Central Pacific&nbsp;laid their first tracks.&nbsp;They&nbsp;slowly started&nbsp;their&nbsp;eastward race toward the oncoming [[Union Pacific Railroad|Union Pacific Railroad]] by building to Roseville, California in 1864. In 1865&nbsp;they reached Colfax, and in 1866 Cisco, California. They overcame terrific problems including, labor shortages,&nbsp;difficulty obtaining U.S. steel tracks, lack of blasting powder, and the expense of grading, tunneling and bridging in steep mountains. In 1868 they laid 306 miles of track across [[Portal:Nevada|Nevada]], and set a world record&nbsp;building ten miles of track in twelve hours in 1869. On 10 May 1869 the Central Pacific&nbsp;joined track with the Union Pacific at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory,_Utah Promontory Summit], [[Portal:Utah|Utah]] north of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Salt_Lake Great Salt Lake] to form the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad] in the [[United States|United States]].<ref>"Central Pacific Railroad" in ''American Western History Musuems'' at http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/central_pacific_railroad/central_pacific_railroad.html (accessed 10 July 2009).</ref> Later in 1904&nbsp;the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucin_Cutoff Lucin Cutoff] was completed across the Salt Lake to shorten the route to Ogden, Utah and avoid mountain grades and curves.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Lucin Cutoff" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucin_Cutoff (accessed 10 July 2009).</ref>
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Starting in 1863 in Sacramento, [[Portal:California|California]], the Central Pacific&nbsp;laid their first tracks.&nbsp;They&nbsp;slowly started&nbsp;their&nbsp;eastward race toward the oncoming [[Union Pacific Railroad|Union Pacific Railroad]] by building to Roseville, California in 1864. In 1865&nbsp;they reached Colfax, and in 1866 Cisco, California. They overcame terrific problems including, labor shortages,&nbsp;difficulty obtaining U.S. steel tracks, lack of blasting powder, and the expense of grading, tunneling and bridging in steep mountains. In 1868 they laid 306 miles of track across [[Portal:Nevada|Nevada]], and set a world record&nbsp;building ten miles of track in twelve hours in 1869. On 10 May 1869 the Central Pacific&nbsp;joined track with the Union Pacific at [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Promontory,_Utah Promontory Summit], [[Portal:Utah|Utah]] north of the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Salt_Lake Great Salt Lake] to form the first [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transcontinental_railroad transcontinental railroad] in the [[United States|United States]].<ref>"Central Pacific Railroad" in ''American Western History Musuems'' at http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/central_pacific_railroad/central_pacific_railroad.html (accessed 10 July 2009).</ref> Later in 1904&nbsp;the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lucin_Cutoff Lucin Cutoff] was completed across the Salt Lake to shorten the route to Ogden, Utah and avoid mountain grades and curves.<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Lucin Cutoff" in ''Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia'' at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucin_Cutoff (accessed 10 July 2009).</ref>  
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
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[[Category:Migration Routes]] [[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal|United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US_Migration_Railroads|US_Migration_Railroads]] [[Category:California|California]] [[Category:Nevada|Nevada]] [[Category:Utah|Utah]]
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:United_States_Migration_Internal|United_States_Migration_Internal]] [[Category:US_Migration_Railroads|US_Migration_Railroads]] [[Category:California|California]] [[Category:Nevada|Nevada]] [[Category:Utah|Utah]]

Revision as of 04:03, 1 August 2009

United States  >  Migration  >  Railroads  >  Central Pacific Railroad

Central Pacific Railroad trestle in the mountains. Note the Chinese laborers.
In 1869 the Central Pacific Railroad out of Sacramento, California, and the Union Pacific Railroad out of Omaha, Nebraska linked tracks in the Golden Spike ceremony at Promontroy Summit, Utah to form the first transcontinental railroad service in the United States.[1] Settlers were attracted to communities near railroads because they provided access to markets. Railroads encouraged settlement along their routes to help increase the need for their service. If an ancestor settled near a railroad, you may be able to trace their place of origin back to another place along the tracks.

Historical Background

In order to bind the nation together from California to the eastern states visionaries proposed a railroad between the west and east coasts of the United States. During the Civil War Congress authorized the building of this railroad. Congress offered land grants along the tracks in a checkerboard pattern as an incentive to the builders. The company that could build the most track would receive the most land.

Starting in 1863 in Sacramento, California, the Central Pacific laid their first tracks. They slowly started their eastward race toward the oncoming Union Pacific Railroad by building to Roseville, California in 1864. In 1865 they reached Colfax, and in 1866 Cisco, California. They overcame terrific problems including, labor shortages, difficulty obtaining U.S. steel tracks, lack of blasting powder, and the expense of grading, tunneling and bridging in steep mountains. In 1868 they laid 306 miles of track across Nevada, and set a world record building ten miles of track in twelve hours in 1869. On 10 May 1869 the Central Pacific joined track with the Union Pacific at Promontory Summit, Utah north of the Great Salt Lake to form the first transcontinental railroad in the United States.[2] Later in 1904 the Lucin Cutoff was completed across the Salt Lake to shorten the route to Ogden, Utah and avoid mountain grades and curves.[3]

Route

The Central Pacific Railrad from west to east went through:

During most of its history, the Central Pacific tracks through Nevada to Ogden, Utah were controlled by the Southern Pacific Railroad.

Settlers and Records

Settlers using the Central Pacific Railroad were likely to be from Eastern or Midwestern states along the tracks of the Union Pacific and connectors such as Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. Most would have settled in Utah, Nevada, or northern California.

There are no known Central Pacific Railroad passenger list records.

Websites

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Central Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=299761457 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Union Pacific Railroad," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Union_Pacific_Railroad&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=298717292 (accessed 6 July 2009); Wikipedia contributors, "Golden spike," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Golden_spike&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=290578008 (accessed 6 July 2009), and Wikipedia contributors, "Promontory, Utah," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Promontory,_Utah&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=297584143 (accessed 6 July 2009).
  2. "Central Pacific Railroad" in American Western History Musuems at http://www.linecamp.com/museums/americanwest/western_clubs/central_pacific_railroad/central_pacific_railroad.html (accessed 10 July 2009).
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Lucin Cutoff" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lucin_Cutoff (accessed 10 July 2009).