Catawba Trail

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Catawba Trail
Catawba and Unicoi Trails.png

The Catawba Trail (dark blue on the map) was actually a network of paths which originally connected lower and middle Cherokee settlements of the Carolinas with the Overhill Cherokee settlements of eastern Tennessee.[1] American pioneer soldiers and settlers used the Catawba Trail to reach northeast Tennessee no later than 1777.[2]

Historical Background

The Catawba Trail emerged from the Saluda Gap where North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia now meet. The trail curved north toward the Catawba Gap. From there it followed the north side of the French Broad River to Knoxville, Tennessee.

Pioneers from North and South Carolina used the Catawba Trail to reach east Tennessee until the Unicoi Trail was opened to settlers about 1795.[2]

Settlers and Records

There is no known list of settlers who travelled the Catawba Trail. However, some of the early residents of Tennessee may have used the trail to reach their destination, as well as several other routes like the Great Valley Road, Wilderness Road, Kentucky Road, Avery's Trace, Unicoi Trail, or Georgia Road. For early Tennessee settlers see:

Internet Sites


  1. Native American Trails" in Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture at (accessed 14 August 2010).
  2. 2.0 2.1 East Tennessee Historical Society, First families of Tennessee: a register of early settlers and their present-day descendants (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, c2000) [FHL 976.8 H2ff], 23-24.