Catawba Indians

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Catawba potter, they were well known for their pottery in the Carolinas..jpg

Tribal Headquarters

Catawba Indian Nation
996 Avenue of the Nations
Rock Hill, SC 29730
Phone: 1-803-366-4792
Fax: 1.803.366.0629


Culture Area: Southern Piedmont

Linguistic Family: Eastern Siouan

Traditional Economy: agriculture, hunting, gathering

The Catawba Indian Nation/Catawba Tribe of South Carolina is the only Federaly recognized tribe in South Carolina.

The Catawba Nation is primarily associated with the state of South Carolina[1].

The Historical Marker database has pictures and inscriptions of the Cataba Indian Memorial in Fort Mill, York County, South Carolina.

Brief Timeline

1715: The Catawba tribe participated in the Yamasee War

1738: Smallpox raged in South Carolina and many Catawba died.

1759: Smallpox killed close to 50% of the tribe

1763: A reservation was established: 15 miles square on both sides of the Catawba river, within the present York and Lancaster counties, South Carolina

1826: The reservation was leased to non-indians

1840:  Many tribal members move to North Carolina and joined the Cherokee

1841: The Catawba tribe sold all but one square mile of their reservation. The tribal headquarters is located there today.

1850: Catawba tribal members return to South Carolina, the state sold them over 600 acres.

1962: Catawba of South Carolina Terminated, Tribal membership 631- Tribal land (Acres) 3,388

1973: The Catawba tribe reorganized

1993: The Catawba recieve federal recognition


Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Black, James M. The Catawba Indians of South Carolina : Live of Chief Samuel Blue. FHL Fiche 6018853

Blumer, Thomas J. Bibliography of the Catawba. Native American Bibliography Series, No. 10. The Scarecrow Press, Inc. Netuchen, N.J. London 1987 ISBN 0-8108-1986-4 FHL Book 970.3 C281bt

Blumer, Thomas J. Catawba Nation: Treasues in History. Charleston, SC : The History Press, C 2007. FHL Book 970.3 C281btj

Brown, Douglas Summers. Catawba Indians, The People of the River. Columbia, SC., University of South Carolina. FHL Book 970.3 C281b

Hudson, Charles M. The Catawba Nation. Athens, University of Georgia Press, 1970. FHL Book: 970.3 C281h

Martin, Judy Canty. My Father's People : A Complete Genealogy of the Catawba Nation. FHL Book 970.3 C281mjc

Merrell, James H. The Indians' New World : Catawabas and Their Neighbors from European Contact Through the Era of Removal. Chapel Hill NC : university of North Carolina Press, c1989. FHL Book 970.3 C281m

Watson, Ian. Catawba Indian Ggenealogy. Geneseo, NY : Geneseo Foundation. FHL Book 970.3 C281w

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Catawba Nation, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America and in the Biography and history of the Indians of North America from its first discovery by Samuel G. Drake. 


A Census of Catawba Indians residing in South Carolina and Haywood County, North Carolina was taken in 1849:

  • Catawba Indian Records: The Second Census of the Catawba Indians and Other Miscellaneous Records. MSS. FHL

Important Web Sites


  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online


  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published