Difference between revisions of "Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy"

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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[North Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Caswell_County,_North_Carolina|Caswell County]]''  
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''[[United States]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[North Carolina]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[Caswell County, North Carolina|Caswell County]]''  
  
 
== History of Caswell County  ==
 
== History of Caswell County  ==
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==== Courthouse  ====
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[http://www.caswellcountync.gov/ Caswell County Courthouse]<br>139 East Church Street<br>Yanceyville, NC 27379<br>Phone:&nbsp; 336-694-4197
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Clerk Superior Court has divorce, probate and court records<br>Register of Deeds has land records <ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caswell County, North Carolina. Page 507 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
  
 
==== Overview  ====
 
==== Overview  ====
  
[[An Overview of the History of Caswell County, North Carolina|An Overview of the History of Caswell County, North Carolina]]<br>  
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[[An Overview of the History of Caswell County, North Carolina|An Overview of the History of Caswell County, North Carolina]]<br>
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
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==== Record Loss  ====
 
==== Record Loss  ====
  
Some records may have been destroyed during occupation by militia troops during reconstruction.
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Some records may have been destroyed during occupation by militia troops during reconstruction.  
  
 
== Caswell County Courthouse  ==
 
== Caswell County Courthouse  ==
  
This historic old building has seen much. If these walls could talk many would listen. The Courthouse has seen proud times, troublesome times, and tragic times. It has endured occupation, murder, and fire. The first Caswell County public library was housed in its dark and mysterious basement. It was home to respected and loved Register of Deeds Burch Blaylock. And, it saw the murder of Senator John W. Stephens.<br><br>The Caswell County Courthouse was completed at the end of what has been called Caswell County's "Boom Era" -- from approximately 1830 until the Civil War. It is a handsome building, with a storied past. Now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, it no longer functions as the hub of county business, which is sad. Many can still remember when the Courthouse was alive with governmental and political activity. Many can still remember court week, election eve, and, possibly, just getting their first driver's license there. It was where you found the sheriff, the tax collector, the register of deeds, the clerk of the court, and, many years ago, the Freedman's Bureau. The air was electric, the smell of the building distinctive, as government unfolded before your eyes.<br><br>To many it is the symbol of the greatness of Caswell County. To others it is a reminder of the absolute worst in the hearts of men. However, after all this, the majestic Courthouse remains standing.<br><br>As late as April 1857, the county was still considering making repairs to the old courthouse. That building, the third Caswell County Courthouse, had been damaged by fire that year, and there was local disagreement over whether to repair or replace it. The following is found in the minutes of the April 1857 session of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions ("Court"):<br><br>Ordered commission to be appointed to consider the propriety of repairing the Court House and to report the best plan of proceeding for the public convenience in regard to the courthouse and to procure and exhibit a plan or plans of alternative or repairs with the probable cost. Commission -- Wm. Long, N. M. Lewis, Daniel S. Price, Joseph S. Totten, Calvin Graves, Benjamin F. Standfield, Bluford W. Cooper, John Cobb and Wagstaff Maynard. Ordered that they have leave to employ architect to aid in preparing a plan.<br><br>This commission wasted no time and persuaded the Court that a new building was preferred over making repairs to the old courthouse. In its July 1857 session, the Court made the following order:<br><br>Ordered by the Court that a new Court House shall be built and that the old one be disposed of by the Commissioners herein appointed to the best advantage to aid in the erection of the new court house. Following persons appointed as commissioners for new building: S. P. Hill, Wm. Long, E. K. Withers, C. H. Richmond, and N. M. Lewis to employ an architect and contract for the building of the said Court House and they are also empowered and authorized to purchase a lot or piece of land if in their opinion it is necessary on which to build the new court house.<br><br>However, the membership of this commission soon was changed to add John Cobb, Wagstaff Maynard, and Dr. Nathaniel M. Roan. And, in October 1858, C. N. B. Evans was paid $4.50 for "publishing the letting of the building of the new court house." Presumably, this had something to do with the construction of the new building. Dr. Nathaniel M. Roan became chairman of the commission. His goal of purchasing a chandelier from England for the center of the courtroom was never realized, being interrupted by the Civil War. The interior furnishings of the courthouse were not completed until the 1870s.<br><br>In April 1859 the Court directed the County Treasurer to pay all drafts drawn by the "commission who have charge of building of [the] court house in payment of expenses and charges of said building" and that the County Treasurer be reimbursed for all such sums already paid. A similar order was issued in July 1859. Construction of the new courthouse was underway, and miscellaneous bills had to be paid. And, of course, taxes were levied to pay for the new structure.<br><br>At the July 1861 term of the Court, County Trustee Thomas D. Johnston reported a payment of $200 to William Percival, architect, and a payment of "about $25,000" to David McKnight of Greensboro, the contractor who built the courthouse. McKnight was a mason by trade and would have been around fifty years old in 1861.<br><br>It also appears that the Yanceyville post office had been housed in one of the rooms of the courthouse, because the Court in that same July 1861 session "ordered and directs that the Post Office shall no longer be kept in any of the rooms of the Court House and that the same shall be removed and the sheriff of said county is hereby directed to notify Alex McAlpin of this order by serving a copy of this order on him." Presumably, McAlpin was the postmaster. The same Court also appointed James L. McKee "to keep and take care of Court House and to attend to the keeping of the public clock in order for 1 year," for which he was to be paid $50.<br><br>While not related to the new courthouse, the in July 1861 the Court also appointed a committee "to aid and provide for the families of such soldiers as have volunteered to serve in the War against Abe Lincoln's scoundrels."<br><br>What became of the old courthouse structure is not known, but some believe that parts (such as windows and doors) were incorporated into various houses built in Yanceyville, especially the Roan House remodeling.<br><br>Until 1868, North Carolina counties were governed by the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, which was composed of justices. As few as three apparently made a quorum. And, the minutes of the Caswell County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions show from three to thirty-five justices assembled quarterly for a five-day session to transact county business and to act as an inferior court. In 1868, the North Carolina constitution was amended to vest county government in a board of county commissioners.
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'''Caswell County North Carolina Courthouse'''<br>139 East church St,<br>Yanceyville, NC 27379<br>336-694-4197<br><br>Clk Sup Ct has div, pro &amp; rec<br>Reg of Deeds has land record<br>
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Caswell County North Carolina was from from Orange County 8 Apr 1777<br>
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[[History of the Historic Caswell County, North Carolina Courthouse|History of the Historic Caswell County, North Carolina Courthouse]]<br>
  
 
== Places/Localities  ==
 
== Places/Localities  ==
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== Resources  ==
 
== Resources  ==
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==== African American  ====
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*"[http://ncccha.blogspot.com/2007/04/slave-cohabitation-records-caswell.html Slave Cohabitation Records (Caswell County, North Carolina]". Caswell County Historical Association blog, April 12, 2007.
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*|"Tobacco and Slave Ledger Preservation Project". Caswell County Historical Association blog, August 28, 2008.
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*"Caswell County Slave Traders". Caswell County Historical Association blog, Mar 12, 2007.<br>
  
 
==== Bible Records  ====
 
==== Bible Records  ====
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{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Bible records|subject|disp=Bible Records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Bible records|subject|disp=Bible Records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
  
==== Business records and commerce ====
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==== Business records and commerce ====
  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Business records and commerce|subject|disp=Business records and commerce}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Business records and commerce|subject|disp=Business records and commerce}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
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[http://cemeterycensus.com/nc/casw/index.htm Cemetery Census: Caswell County]  
 
[http://cemeterycensus.com/nc/casw/index.htm Cemetery Census: Caswell County]  
  
<br>  
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<br>{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Cemeteries|subject|disp=Cemeteries}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Cemeteries|subject|disp=Cemeteries}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
  
 
==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Census - 1786|subject|disp=1786 Census}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Census - 1786|subject|disp=1786 Census}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
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{{Census|North Carolina}}
  
 
==== Churches  ====
 
==== Churches  ====
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{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Church records|subject|disp=Church records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Church records|subject|disp=Church records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
  
===== BAPTIST<br> =====
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The North Carolina State Library has vertical file material entitled "Caswell County, N.C. churches".<br>
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In the beginning&nbsp;: the churches of Caswell County. North Carolina State Libary General Collection Call Number: 280.409756 In16.<br>
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===== Baptist  =====
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*'''Hogan's River.''' Constituted 1793.<ref name="bap">George Washington Paschal, ''History of North Carolina Baptists,'' 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 2:562, 566. {{FHL|561274|item|disp=FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990}}.</ref>
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*'''Island Ford on Dan River.''' Constituted 1790.<ref name="bap"/>
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*'''Lick Fork on Hogan's River.''' Constituted 1792.<ref name="bap"/>
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*'''North Country line.''' Constituted 1772.<ref name="bap"/>
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*'''South Country Line or Waters of Haw River.''' Constituted 1783.<ref name="bap"/>
  
 
*''Lynches Creek Primitive Baptist Church, Hightowers Township, Caswell County, North Carolina.'' See FHL catalog.<br>  
 
*''Lynches Creek Primitive Baptist Church, Hightowers Township, Caswell County, North Carolina.'' See FHL catalog.<br>  
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*Baylock, John Burch.''Country Line Primitive Baptist Church records in Yanceyville Township, Caswell County, North Carolina''. See FHL catalog.<br>
 
*Baylock, John Burch.''Country Line Primitive Baptist Church records in Yanceyville Township, Caswell County, North Carolina''. See FHL catalog.<br>
  
<br>  
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===== Presbyterian  =====
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*'''Bethesda aka Hart's Chapel,''' near Yanceyville, N.C. Established about 1765. A history was published in 1965:
 +
**Lytch, W. E. ''History of Bethesda Presbyterian Church, 1765-1965, Caswell County, N.C.'' Yanceyville, N.C.&nbsp;: Caswell Messenger, 1965. North Carolina State Library General Collection Call Number: 285.1756575 L996h.
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*'''Griers.''' Organized in 1753.<ref>"Griers Presbyterian Church," ''North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,'' http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.</ref>
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*'''Red House.''' Founded mid-1700s.<ref>"Red House Church," ''North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,'' http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.</ref>
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 +
*John Grasty, Minister of Presbyterian Church in Yanceyville in the late 1840-1850s left a diary.
  
 
==== Court  ====
 
==== Court  ====
  
*Historical Abstracts of Minutes of Caswell County, North Carolina 1777-1877, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1976). <br>
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*Kendall, Katherine Kerr. ''Historical Abstracts of Minutes of Caswell County, North Carolina 1777-1877.&nbsp;'' Abstracts of minutes of the North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions for Caswell County, 1777-1868, and of the Caswell County Board of Commissioners, 1868-1877. North Carolina State LIbrary Genealogy 929.3 N8cas K33c. Also FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 N2k.<br>
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*Caswell county, North Carolina, Equity Court Clerk. Minutes of Equity Court, 1807-1868. Raleigh, North Carolina&nbsp;: North Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1963-1964. FHL US/CAN Film 358,290.<br>
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*Minutes Superior Court, 1807-1931<br>
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*Minutes County Court, 1777-1868<br>
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*Hillsborough District, North Carolina&nbsp;: Superior Court minutes, 1768-1798<br>
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*Hillsborough District, North Carolina&nbsp;: Superior Court minutes, 1768-1798<br>
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 +
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Court records|subject|disp=Court records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.
  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Divorce records|subject|disp=Divorce records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Divorce records|subject|disp=Divorce records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ncccha/memoranda/genealogy.html Caswell County Historical Association's (CCHA) Caswell County Family Tree]
 
*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ncccha/memoranda/genealogy.html Caswell County Historical Association's (CCHA) Caswell County Family Tree]
  
 +
<br>{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Biography|subject|disp=Genealogy}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.
  
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Biography|subject|disp=Genealogy}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies. 
 
  
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Genealogy|subject|disp=Church history}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.
 
  
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===== Bibliography  =====
  
'''''Bibliography'''''  
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&nbsp; It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:
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*Locate publications about direct ancestors
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*Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
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*Identify publications, to quote [[Elizabeth Shown Mills|Elizabeth Shown Mills]], about an ancestor's "FAN Club" ['''F'''riends, '''A'''ssociates, and '''N'''eighbors]
 +
 
 +
*'''[Tyalor] '''Kilduff, Lydia Taylor and Taylor, Fern W., compilers. ''Taylor Information Abstracted''. Arkansas DAR, 2003. North Carolina State Library Genealogy Call Number: 929.2 T238K.<br>
 +
 
 +
===== Message Boards  =====
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 +
*[http://genforum.genealogy.com/nc/caswell/ Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy Forum], courtesy: [http://genforum.genealogy.com/ GenForum].
 +
*[http://boards.ancestry.com/localities.northam.usa.states.northcarolina.counties.caswell/mb.ashx Caswell County, North Carolina - Family History &amp; Genealogy Message Board], courtesy: [http://www.ancestry.com Ancestry].
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<br>
  
 
==== Land  ====
 
==== Land  ====
  
===== Grants<br> =====
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===== '''Entries'''<br> =====
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 +
*Pruitt, A. B. ''Abstracts of land entries, Caswell County, North Carolina, 1778-1795, 1841-1863; Person County, North Carolina, 1792-1795''. Rocky Mount, North Carolina&nbsp;: A.B. Pruitt, c1990. FHL&nbsp;US/CAN Book 975.657 R28p. Also at North Carolina State Library.<br>
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'''Surveys and Warrants'''<br>
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*North Carolina State Library microfilm Caswell Co., 1-345 -- S.108.590. Caswell Co., 346-670 -- S.108.591. Caswell Co., 671-978 -- S.108.592. Caswell Co., 979-1267 -- S.108.593. Caswell Co., 1268-1300, 01-026 -- S.108.594.<br>
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===== Grants<br> =====
  
 
*An Index to the Caswell county, North Carolina Land Grants is found in Katharine Kerr Kendall's book ''Caswell County North Carolina&nbsp;: Land Grants, Tax Lists, State Census, Apprentice Bonds, Estate Records''. See World Cat or Google Books or FHL US/CAN Book 975.6 A1 no. 125.
 
*An Index to the Caswell county, North Carolina Land Grants is found in Katharine Kerr Kendall's book ''Caswell County North Carolina&nbsp;: Land Grants, Tax Lists, State Census, Apprentice Bonds, Estate Records''. See World Cat or Google Books or FHL US/CAN Book 975.6 A1 no. 125.
  
To effectively use grants in your research you will need to understand the [http://abpruitt.tripod.com/id6.htm North Carolina land grant proceedure.]
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To effectively use grants in your research you will need to understand the [http://abpruitt.tripod.com/id6.htm North Carolina land grant proceedure.]  
  
===== Deeds<br> =====
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===== Deeds<br> =====
  
*'''[1777-1817] '''Kendall, Katharine Kerr. ''Caswell County North Carolina Deed Books v. 1 1777-1817''. (Easley, South Carolina: Historical Press, c 1989). FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 R28k v. 1.<br>  
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*'''[1777-1817] '''Kendall, Katharine Kerr. ''Caswell County North Carolina Deed Books v. 1 1777-1817''. (Easley, South Carolina: Historical Press, c 1989). FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 R28k v. 1.<br>
 
*'''[1817-1840] '''Kendall, Katharine Kerr. ''Caswell County North Carolina Deed Books v. 2 1817-1840.'' (Easley, South Carolina: Historical Press, c 1989). FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 R28k v. 2.<br>
 
*'''[1817-1840] '''Kendall, Katharine Kerr. ''Caswell County North Carolina Deed Books v. 2 1817-1840.'' (Easley, South Carolina: Historical Press, c 1989). FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 R28k v. 2.<br>
  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Land and property|subject|disp=Land and property}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Land and property|subject|disp=Land and property}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
  
The Caswell County Historical Assoication's [http://ncccha.blogspot.com/2007/09/dower-rights.html Dower Rights] blog article will help you determine whether a wife should be releasing her dower in a given deed.<br>  
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The Caswell County Historical Assoication's [http://ncccha.blogspot.com/2007/09/dower-rights.html Dower Rights] blog article will help you determine whether a wife should be releasing her dower in a given deed.<br>
  
Upon obtaining a deed or grant for your ancestor that mentions a creek or a branch, you may have a desire to locate where that creek or branch is located. TopoZone's [http://www.topozone.com/states/NorthCarolina.asp?county=Caswell&feature=Stream "Toppgraphic Map Stream Features in Caswell County, North Carolina"] will give you the lat and long cordinates.
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Upon obtaining a deed or grant for your ancestor that mentions a creek or a branch, you may have a desire to locate where that creek or branch is located. TopoZone's [http://www.topozone.com/states/NorthCarolina.asp?county=Caswell&feature=Stream "Toppgraphic Map Stream Features in Caswell County, North Carolina"] will give you the lat and long cordinates.  
  
 
==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
Bibliography<br>  
+
Bibliography<br>
  
 
''An Inventory of Historic Architecture: Caswell County, North Carolina'', Ruth Little-Stokes and Tony P. Wrenn (1979).  
 
''An Inventory of Historic Architecture: Caswell County, North Carolina'', Ruth Little-Stokes and Tony P. Wrenn (1979).  
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''The Heritage of Caswell County, North Carolina'', Jeannine D. Whitlow, Editor (1985).  
 
''The Heritage of Caswell County, North Carolina'', Jeannine D. Whitlow, Editor (1985).  
  
''When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell County North Carolina 1777-1977'', William S. Powell (1977).<br>  
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''When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell County North Carolina 1777-1977'', William S. Powell (1977).<br>
  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Dwellings|subject|disp=Dwellings}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Dwellings|subject|disp=Dwellings}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
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==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
  
Caswell County Historical Association. [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ncccha/memoranda/maps.html Maps] and/or [http://www.flickr.com/photos/ncccha/sets/72157594505026694/ Maps of Caswell County].<br>
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Caswell County Historical Association. [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~ncccha/memoranda/maps.html Maps] and/or [http://www.flickr.com/photos/ncccha/sets/72157594505026694/ Maps of Caswell County]. The [http://ncccha.blogspot.com/search?q=map 1868 School District Map ]is especially helpful for getting a feel for where the creeks and land owners were located in the early days.<br>
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 +
[http://nationalmap.gov/historical/ Historic USGS Topo Maps] are free downloads.
  
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Maps|subject|disp=Maps}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.
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{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Maps|subject|disp=Maps}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
  
 
==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
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==== Newspapers  ====
 
==== Newspapers  ====
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*'''[1819] '''''Milton Intelligencer''. Scattered issues. North Carolina State Library.<br>
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*'''[1824, 1827, 1828, 1830,1831] '''''Milton gazette &amp; Roanoke Advertiser''. Selected issues. North Carolina State Library.<br>
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*'''[1840-1868] '''Broughton, Carrie. "Marriages of Caswell County Reported in Raleigh NC Newspapers 1840-1868".<ref>Kendall, Katherine Kerr. Caswell County, North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' Accounts 1848-1868. Page 177. FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 P28k v 5</ref>
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*'''[1841-1881] '''''The Milton Chronicle''. Scattered issues. Available at North Carolina State Library.<br>
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<br>
  
 
==== Orphans and orphanages  ====
 
==== Orphans and orphanages  ====
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==== Probate  ====
 
==== Probate  ====
  
===== Wills<br> =====
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===== Wills<br> =====
  
*'''[1777-1799] '''[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/scripts/data/database.cgi?ArticleID=0023744&file=Data&report=SingleArticle "Caswell County, North Carolina - Wills 1777-1799"]<br>'''[1777-1814]'''''Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814'' Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979).<br>  
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*'''Pre-1790''' - [http://mars.archives.ncdcr.gov/BasicSearch.aspx Pre-1790 {{PAGENAME}} Wills] stored at the North Carolina State Archives are online - free. [[North Carolina Probate Records#Proved_in_North_Carolina|Website tips]].
*'''[1814-1843] '''''Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1814-1843'', Katharine Kerr Kendall (1983). <br>  
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*'''1777-1799 '''[http://www.accessgenealogy.com/scripts/data/database.cgi?ArticleID=0023744&file=Data&report=SingleArticle "Caswell County, North Carolina - Wills 1777-1799"]
*'''[1843-1868] '''''Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868'', Katharine Kerr Kendall (1986).<br>
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*'''1777-1814''' - ''Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814'' Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979).<br>  
*Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814, 1784 Tax List and Guardians' Accounts 1794-1819, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979). <br>
+
*'''1777-1963''' - {{RecordSearch|1867501|Will Books A to F and 1 to 2 (1777-1963)|access=browse}} have been digitized by FamilySearch - free.
 +
*'''1814-1843 '''''Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1814-1843'', Katharine Kerr Kendall (1983). FHL US/CAN 6575 P28 v. 1-2. As both volumes are bound together, make sure you don't miss the fact that the index to the first volume is mid-way through the book. People with original wills on file at State Archives listed on pages 19x-198.<br>  
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*'''1843-1868 '''Kendall, Katherine Kerr.''Caswell County, North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' Accounts 1848-1868''. People with original wills on file at State Archives listed on page 181.&nbsp; FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 P28k v 5<br>
  
 
===== Estate Packets<br> =====
 
===== Estate Packets<br> =====
  
&nbsp;For estate packets, the place to start is ''Caswell County North Carolina : Land Grants, Tax Lists, State Census, Apprentice Bonds, Estate Records ''by Katherine Kerr Kendall. This book has an alphabetical index to the Caswell county, North Carolina estate packets. The index to estate packets starts on page 57. Note that there is NOT a general index in the back of this book. FHL US/CAN Book&nbsp; 975.6 A1 no. 125.
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&nbsp;For estate packets, the place to start is ''Caswell County North Carolina&nbsp;: Land Grants, Tax Lists, State Census, Apprentice Bonds, Estate Records ''by Katherine Kerr Kendall. This book has an alphabetical index to the Caswell county, North Carolina estate packets. The index to estate packets starts on page 57. Note that there is NOT a general index in the back of this book. FHL US/CAN Book&nbsp; 975.6 A1 no. 125.  
  
The original records are at the Department of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina.
+
The original records are at the Department of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina. Microfilms of the estate packets are available at FHL.<br>
  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Probate records|subject|disp=Probate records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
 
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Probate records|subject|disp=Probate records}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
  
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Guardianship|subject|disp=Guardianship}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.
+
{{FHL|North Carolina, Caswell - Guardianship|subject|disp=Guardianship}} {{FHLTopicLinks}}&nbsp;Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.  
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
 +
 +
*'''[1800] '''Alphabetical lists extant for Glouster, Richmond and St. David districts. Non-aphabetical list for Caswell extant.
 +
*'''[1801]'''
 +
*'''[1802] '''Alphabetical lists exist for Richmond and Glouster. No list for St. Davids. Possible list for St. David (date ca 1802).
 +
*'''[1803]''' One to three copies copies for each of the four districts Caswell, Glouster, Richmond and St. David) exist. Some lists non-alphabetical.<br>
 +
*'''[1804] '''Two copies for each of the four districts (Caswell, Glouster, Richmond and St. David) exist. Both copies arranged alphabetical.<br>
 +
*'''[1805] '''No lists extant for any district.
 +
*'''[1806]''' Alphabetical lists for Caswell, Glouster. Glouster list microfilm difficult to read--imperative you put film on scanner and enhance patches of names or you will miss most of the names. Non alphabetical list for Richmond Dist taken by Andrew Harrison Jr. There is also one other list (alphabetical) appears to be labeled Caswell Dist, but names are clearly Richmond District folks.
 +
*'''[1807] '''No lists extant for any district.
 +
*'''[1808] '''Alphabetical list for St. David's and Caswell districts. Sheets not arranged alphabetically though. Also a non-alphabetical summons list in the middle of St. Davids list.
 +
*'''[1809] '''Alphabetical list for Richmond District and a very poor quality St David's list.
 +
*'''[1842]''' Insolvents for all four tax districts are listed on page 11 in Kendall's ''Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' accounts 1848-1868.'' FHL US/CAN Book 975.65575 P28k v. 5. (Will Book P, page 222)<br>
 +
*'''[1843]''' Insolvents for all four tax districts are listed on page 11 in Kendall's ''Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' accounts 1848-1868.'' FHL US/CAN Book 975.65575 P28k v. 5. (Will Book P, page 223)
 +
*'''[ca 1845] '''List of business taxes collected. Will Book P, page 224.<ref>Katherine Kerr Kendall, Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' accounts 1848-1868. FHL US/CAN Book 975.65575 P28k v. 5</ref>
 +
 +
<br>
  
 
==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
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[[Category:Caswell_County,_North_Carolina]]
 
[[Category:Caswell_County,_North_Carolina]]

Revision as of 22:20, 23 October 2012

Caswell County, North Carolina
Map
Map of North Carolina highlighting Caswell County
Location in the state of North Carolina
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Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1777
County Seat Yanceyville
Courthouse
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United States  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Caswell County

History of Caswell County

Courthouse

Caswell County Courthouse
139 East Church Street
Yanceyville, NC 27379
Phone:  336-694-4197

Clerk Superior Court has divorce, probate and court records
Register of Deeds has land records [1]

Overview

An Overview of the History of Caswell County, North Carolina

Parent County

Caswell was created 8 April 1777 from Orange County. Originally, the county seat was at Leasburg. When Person County was created from the eastern half of Caswell County in 1792, the county seat was moved to what today is Yanceyville.

Boundary Changes

Caswell County was created in 1777 from the northern portion of Orange County. In 1792, the eastern half of Caswell County became Person County. No further boundary changes have been made since 1792.

Record Loss

Some records may have been destroyed during occupation by militia troops during reconstruction.

Caswell County Courthouse

Caswell County North Carolina Courthouse
139 East church St,
Yanceyville, NC 27379
336-694-4197

Clk Sup Ct has div, pro & rec
Reg of Deeds has land record

Caswell County North Carolina was from from Orange County 8 Apr 1777

History of the Historic Caswell County, North Carolina Courthouse

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Caswell County comprises nine townships: Anderson, Dan River, Hightowers, Leasburg, Locust Hill, Milton, Pelham, Stoney Creek, and Yanceyville. Major communties are: Leasburg, Milton, and Yanceyville (with Milton and Yanceyville being the only incorporated towns in the county).

Neighboring Counties

Resources

African American

  • "Slave Cohabitation Records (Caswell County, North Carolina". Caswell County Historical Association blog, April 12, 2007.
  • |"Tobacco and Slave Ledger Preservation Project". Caswell County Historical Association blog, August 28, 2008.
  • "Caswell County Slave Traders". Caswell County Historical Association blog, Mar 12, 2007.

Bible Records

Bible Records (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Business records and commerce

Business records and commerce (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Cemeteries

Cemetery Census: Caswell County


Cemeteries (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Census

1786 Census (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

For tips on accessing Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Churches

Churches of Caswell County

Church history (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Church records (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

The North Carolina State Library has vertical file material entitled "Caswell County, N.C. churches".

In the beginning : the churches of Caswell County. North Carolina State Libary General Collection Call Number: 280.409756 In16.

Baptist
  • Hogan's River. Constituted 1793.[2]
  • Island Ford on Dan River. Constituted 1790.[2]
  • Lick Fork on Hogan's River. Constituted 1792.[2]
  • North Country line. Constituted 1772.[2]
  • South Country Line or Waters of Haw River. Constituted 1783.[2]
  • Lynches Creek Primitive Baptist Church, Hightowers Township, Caswell County, North Carolina. See FHL catalog.
  • Baylock, John Burch. Prospect Hill Primitive Baptist Church records, Hightowers Township, Caswell County, North Carolina. See FHL catalog.
  • Baylock, John Burch. Bush Arbor Primitive Baptist Church records in Anderson Township, Caswell County, North Carolina. See FHL catalog.
  • Baylock, John Burch.Country Line Primitive Baptist Church records in Yanceyville Township, Caswell County, North Carolina. See FHL catalog.
Presbyterian
  • Bethesda aka Hart's Chapel, near Yanceyville, N.C. Established about 1765. A history was published in 1965:
    • Lytch, W. E. History of Bethesda Presbyterian Church, 1765-1965, Caswell County, N.C. Yanceyville, N.C. : Caswell Messenger, 1965. North Carolina State Library General Collection Call Number: 285.1756575 L996h.
  • Griers. Organized in 1753.[3]
  • Red House. Founded mid-1700s.[4]
  • John Grasty, Minister of Presbyterian Church in Yanceyville in the late 1840-1850s left a diary.

Court

  • Kendall, Katherine Kerr. Historical Abstracts of Minutes of Caswell County, North Carolina 1777-1877.  Abstracts of minutes of the North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions for Caswell County, 1777-1868, and of the Caswell County Board of Commissioners, 1868-1877. North Carolina State LIbrary Genealogy 929.3 N8cas K33c. Also FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 N2k.
  • Caswell county, North Carolina, Equity Court Clerk. Minutes of Equity Court, 1807-1868. Raleigh, North Carolina : North Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1963-1964. FHL US/CAN Film 358,290.
  • Minutes Superior Court, 1807-1931
  • Minutes County Court, 1777-1868
  • Hillsborough District, North Carolina : Superior Court minutes, 1768-1798
  • Hillsborough District, North Carolina : Superior Court minutes, 1768-1798

Court records (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Divorce records (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Family History


Genealogy (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.


Bibliography

  It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]
  • [Tyalor] Kilduff, Lydia Taylor and Taylor, Fern W., compilers. Taylor Information Abstracted. Arkansas DAR, 2003. North Carolina State Library Genealogy Call Number: 929.2 T238K.
Message Boards


Land

Entries
  • Pruitt, A. B. Abstracts of land entries, Caswell County, North Carolina, 1778-1795, 1841-1863; Person County, North Carolina, 1792-1795. Rocky Mount, North Carolina : A.B. Pruitt, c1990. FHL US/CAN Book 975.657 R28p. Also at North Carolina State Library.

Surveys and Warrants

  • North Carolina State Library microfilm Caswell Co., 1-345 -- S.108.590. Caswell Co., 346-670 -- S.108.591. Caswell Co., 671-978 -- S.108.592. Caswell Co., 979-1267 -- S.108.593. Caswell Co., 1268-1300, 01-026 -- S.108.594.
Grants
  • An Index to the Caswell county, North Carolina Land Grants is found in Katharine Kerr Kendall's book Caswell County North Carolina : Land Grants, Tax Lists, State Census, Apprentice Bonds, Estate Records. See World Cat or Google Books or FHL US/CAN Book 975.6 A1 no. 125.

To effectively use grants in your research you will need to understand the North Carolina land grant proceedure.

Deeds
  • [1777-1817] Kendall, Katharine Kerr. Caswell County North Carolina Deed Books v. 1 1777-1817. (Easley, South Carolina: Historical Press, c 1989). FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 R28k v. 1.
  • [1817-1840] Kendall, Katharine Kerr. Caswell County North Carolina Deed Books v. 2 1817-1840. (Easley, South Carolina: Historical Press, c 1989). FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 R28k v. 2.

Land and property (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

The Caswell County Historical Assoication's Dower Rights blog article will help you determine whether a wife should be releasing her dower in a given deed.

Upon obtaining a deed or grant for your ancestor that mentions a creek or a branch, you may have a desire to locate where that creek or branch is located. TopoZone's "Toppgraphic Map Stream Features in Caswell County, North Carolina" will give you the lat and long cordinates.

Local Histories

Bibliography

An Inventory of Historic Architecture: Caswell County, North Carolina, Ruth Little-Stokes and Tony P. Wrenn (1979).

Caswell County in the World War, 1917-1918: Service Records of Caswell County Men, George A. Anderson (1921).

From Rabbit Shuffle to Collins Hill: Stories of Southern Caswell County, North Carolina, Millard Quentin Plumblee (1984)

In the Beginning . . . The Churches of Caswell County, Jean B. Scott, Compiler (2000)

Service Record Book of Men and Women of Yanceyville, N.C., and Community, Sponsored by the V.F.W. Post No. 7316 (1947-1949).

The Heritage of Caswell County, North Carolina, Jeannine D. Whitlow, Editor (1985).

When the Past Refused to Die: A History of Caswell County North Carolina 1777-1977, William S. Powell (1977).

Dwellings (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Maps

Caswell County Historical Association. Maps and/or Maps of Caswell County. The 1868 School District Map is especially helpful for getting a feel for where the creeks and land owners were located in the early days.

Historic USGS Topo Maps are free downloads.

Maps (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Military

Military history (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Military records (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-5th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
-6th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
WWI (1914-1918)

WWI (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Newspapers

  • [1819] Milton Intelligencer. Scattered issues. North Carolina State Library.
  • [1824, 1827, 1828, 1830,1831] Milton gazette & Roanoke Advertiser. Selected issues. North Carolina State Library.
  • [1840-1868] Broughton, Carrie. "Marriages of Caswell County Reported in Raleigh NC Newspapers 1840-1868".[5]
  • [1841-1881] The Milton Chronicle. Scattered issues. Available at North Carolina State Library.


Orphans and orphanages

Orphans and orphanages (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Probate

Wills
  • Pre-1790 - Pre-1790 Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy Wills stored at the North Carolina State Archives are online - free. Website tips.
  • 1777-1799 "Caswell County, North Carolina - Wills 1777-1799"
  • 1777-1814 - Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1777-1814 Katharine Kerr Kendall (1979).
  • 1777-1963 - Will Books A to F and 1 to 2 (1777-1963) have been digitized by FamilySearch - free.
  • 1814-1843 Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1814-1843, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1983). FHL US/CAN 6575 P28 v. 1-2. As both volumes are bound together, make sure you don't miss the fact that the index to the first volume is mid-way through the book. People with original wills on file at State Archives listed on pages 19x-198.
  • 1843-1868 Kendall, Katherine Kerr.Caswell County, North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' Accounts 1848-1868. People with original wills on file at State Archives listed on page 181.  FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 P28k v 5
Estate Packets

 For estate packets, the place to start is Caswell County North Carolina : Land Grants, Tax Lists, State Census, Apprentice Bonds, Estate Records by Katherine Kerr Kendall. This book has an alphabetical index to the Caswell county, North Carolina estate packets. The index to estate packets starts on page 57. Note that there is NOT a general index in the back of this book. FHL US/CAN Book  975.6 A1 no. 125.

The original records are at the Department of Archives and History, Raleigh, North Carolina. Microfilms of the estate packets are available at FHL.

Probate records (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Guardianship (microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Caswell County, North Carolina Genealogy. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see  Some of the microfilms may be available at the state archives and also at the state and county historical societies.

Taxation

  • [1800] Alphabetical lists extant for Glouster, Richmond and St. David districts. Non-aphabetical list for Caswell extant.
  • [1801]
  • [1802] Alphabetical lists exist for Richmond and Glouster. No list for St. Davids. Possible list for St. David (date ca 1802).
  • [1803] One to three copies copies for each of the four districts Caswell, Glouster, Richmond and St. David) exist. Some lists non-alphabetical.
  • [1804] Two copies for each of the four districts (Caswell, Glouster, Richmond and St. David) exist. Both copies arranged alphabetical.
  • [1805] No lists extant for any district.
  • [1806] Alphabetical lists for Caswell, Glouster. Glouster list microfilm difficult to read--imperative you put film on scanner and enhance patches of names or you will miss most of the names. Non alphabetical list for Richmond Dist taken by Andrew Harrison Jr. There is also one other list (alphabetical) appears to be labeled Caswell Dist, but names are clearly Richmond District folks.
  • [1807] No lists extant for any district.
  • [1808] Alphabetical list for St. David's and Caswell districts. Sheets not arranged alphabetically though. Also a non-alphabetical summons list in the middle of St. Davids list.
  • [1809] Alphabetical list for Richmond District and a very poor quality St David's list.
  • [1842] Insolvents for all four tax districts are listed on page 11 in Kendall's Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' accounts 1848-1868. FHL US/CAN Book 975.65575 P28k v. 5. (Will Book P, page 222)
  • [1843] Insolvents for all four tax districts are listed on page 11 in Kendall's Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' accounts 1848-1868. FHL US/CAN Book 975.65575 P28k v. 5. (Will Book P, page 223)
  • [ca 1845] List of business taxes collected. Will Book P, page 224.[6]


Vital Records

  • Caswell County, North Carolina Marriage Bonds, 1778-1868, Katharine Kerr Kendall (1981).

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caswell County, North Carolina. Page 507 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 2:562, 566. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  3. "Griers Presbyterian Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.
  4. "Red House Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program, http://www.ncmarkers.com, accessed 22 October 2012.
  5. Kendall, Katherine Kerr. Caswell County, North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' Accounts 1848-1868. Page 177. FHL US/CAN Book 975.6575 P28k v 5
  6. Katherine Kerr Kendall, Caswell County North Carolina Will Books 1843-1868. Guardians' accounts 1848-1868. FHL US/CAN Book 975.65575 P28k v. 5