Canada in the War of 1812

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Canada Gotoarrow.png Canada Military Gotoarrow.png Canada in the War of 1812

HMS St. Lawrence, War of 1812


The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814, however another battle was fought January 8, 1815 at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.

  • The Historica-Dominion Institute, The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and Parks Canada. War of 1812 has a timeline, learning resources, video game, many short videos about the war.

Canada Military Units

The military units that fought for Canada included many men enrolled in local militia units. British regular Army regiments with men from England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland also fought.

The Wikipedia article, Canadian units of the War of 1812, lists the units with brief descriptions of each.


The provinces that furnished men for the military were Upper Canada (Ontario), Lower Canada (Quebec),

Ethnic Groups

The First Nations were instrumental in many important Canadian victories including Michilimackinac, Detroit, Queenston Heights, Beaver Dams, Chateauguay and Crysler’s Farm.[1]

Many Black volunteers fought in defense of Canada. They worried that the Americans would return them to slavery. The “Coloured Corps” fought at Queenston Heights and was partially made up of persons who had escaped slavery in the United States.[2]


  • Battle of Frenchtown ( (British victory) - 22 January 1813 now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario 5 October 1813
  • Batle of Lundy's Lane ( (Both sides claimed victory) - about one mile from Niagara Falls 25 July 1814
  • Battle of New Orleans ( (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815
  • Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers, George W. Cullum, FHL Microfilm 1404257
  • Paine, Ralph Delahaye, The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812 New Haven Connecticut, Yale University Press, 1920). FHL Book 235 973 H2


  • PBS, The War of 1812, has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic sites with short histories of each.
  •, War of 1812, has several short videos about the war as well as a brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people.

Web Sites

  • History Central, War of 1812, has information about the major battles of the war, plus a list of related web sites and a bibliography of books.


  • Baker, Harrison Scott II. American prisoners of war held at Halifax during the War of 1812: June 1812 - April 1815 (Westminster, Maryland, Willow Bend Books, c2004), 2 Volumes {{FHL|1341341|item|disp=FHL Book 973 M2973 M2bhs]
  • Bradley, Arthur Granville, The United Empire Loyalist: founders of British Canada (New York, New York, AMS Press, 1971) pages 288
  • Cruikshank, E. A.: Record of the services of Canadian regiments in the War of 1812: the militia of the Eastern District; the counties of Glengarry, Stormont and Dundas page 69-98 FHL Book 971.3 M2ce
  • Cruikshank, E.A.: Documents relating to the invasion of Canada and the surrender of Detroit, 1812 (Ottawa, Ontario: Government Printing Bureau, c1912) pages 258 FHL Book 971 B4
  • Dudley, William S., The Naval War of 1812: a documentary history(Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). FHL Book 973 M3
  • Edgar, Lady: General Brock (Toronto, Ontario: Morang and Co., c1904), pages 322 FHL Book 971 B4
  • Fredriksen, John C, "Resource Guide for the War of 1812" ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979) FHL book 973 M23f
  • Grimwood, Paul. Ancaster and the effects of the War of 1812, (Hamilton, Ontario: Ontario Genealogical Society. Hamilton Branch, c2005), 9 leaves. FHL Book 971.352 M2
  • Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812, a forgotten conflict' (Chicago, Illinois:  University of Illinois Press, 1989) pages 457 FHL Book 973 H2
  • Horsman, Reginald The War of 1812 (New York, New York, Alfred A Knophf, 1969) pages 286 FHL Book 973 H2
  • Jacobs, James Ripley and Glenn Tucker, The War of 1812 : a compact history (New York, New York, Hawthorn Books copyright 1969)
  • Latimer, Jon: 1812: war with America (Cambridge, Massachusette: Belknap Press, c2007 pages 637 FHL Book 973 M2
  • Lauber, Wilfred R. An index of Essex and Kent militia records, 1812-1815(Chatham [Ontario}: Ontario Genealogical Society. Kent Branch, 1995), pages 49. FHL Book 971.33 M22
  • Lauber, Wilfred R. An index of land claim certificates of Upper Canada militiamen who served in the War of 1812 (Toronto, Ontario: Ontario Genealogical Society, c1995), pages 196. FHL Book 971.3 R 22
  • Lepine, Luc: Les officiers de milice du Bas-Canada, 1812-1815 = Lower Canada's militia officers, 1812-1815(Montreal [Quebec]: Societe genealogique canadiene-francaise, c1996) pages 305 FHL Book 971.4 M2
  • Litt, Paul, and Ronald F. Williamson, and Joseph W.A. Whitehorne: Death at Snake Hill : secrets from a War of 1812 cemetery (Toronoto, Ontario: Dundurn Press, c1993) pages 158 FHL Book 971.338 F1 V3
  • Lucas, C.P. The Canadian War of 1812, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1988), 269 pages. FHL film 1320684 Item 7
  • Lefebvre, par Jean-Jacques: Quelques officiers de 1812 (Ottawa [Ontario] Societe royale du Canada, c1967) pages 69-136 FHL Book 971.4 M2
  • Malcomson, Robert, Historical dictionary of the War of 1812(Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006), 701 pages. FHL Book 973 H26
  • Rammage, Stuart A.: The militia stood alone: Malcom's Mills, 6 Novemer, 1814 (Summerland, British Columbia,: Valley Pub. c2000) page 206 FHL Book 971.347 01 M2
  • Shea, Iris and Heather Watts: Deadman's: Melville Island & its burial ground pages 111 FHL Book 971.622H2
  • Canada. Department of Militia and Defence:  ''Militiamen who applied for pensions in 1875 in Canada : shewing names, ages and places of residence of all militiamen of 1812-1813, who have applied to the Imperial Government, through the Department of Militia and Defence, for a pension or indemnity; in reply to an address of the House of Commons of 8th February, 1875 (Pawtucket, Rhode Island: Quintin Publications c1997?) leaves 15.  FHL Book 971 M2


  1. Government of Canada, War of 1812, (accessed 9 April 2012).
  2. Government of Canada, War of 1812, (accessed 9 April 2012).