Canada in the War of 1812

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Canada Gotoarrow.png Canada Military Gotoarrow.png Canada in the War of 1812

Introduction

The War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain began formally on June 18, 1812. To end the war, the treaty of Ghent was signed 24 December 1814, however another battle was fought January 8, 1815 at New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.

  • The Historica-Dominion Institute, The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and Parks Canada. War of 1812 has a timeline, learning resources, video game, many short videos about the war.

Canada Military Units

The military units that fought for Canada included many men enrolled in local militia units. British regular Army regiments with men from England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland also fought.

The Wikipedia article, Canadian units of the War of 1812, lists the units with brief descriptions of each.

Provinces

The provinces that furnished men for the military were Upper Canada (Ontario), Lower Canada (Quebec),

Ethnic Groups

The First Nations were instrumental in many important Canadian victories including Michilimackinac, Detroit, Queenston Heights, Beaver Dams, Chateauguay and Crysler’s Farm.[1]

Many Black volunteers fought in defense of Canada. They worried that the Americans would return them to slavery. The “Coloured Corps” fought at Queenston Heights and was partially made up of persons who had escaped slavery in the United States.[2]

Battles

  • Battle of Frenchtown (Historyofwar.org) (British victory) - 22 January 1813 now Monroe, Michigan on the Raisin River
  • Battle of the Thames (Wikipedia) (Both sides claimed victory) - Moraviantown, on Thames River, Kent County, Ontario 5 October 1813
  • Batle of Lundy's Lane (Historycentral.com) (Both sides claimed victory) - about one mile from Niagara Falls 25 July 1814
  • Battle of New Orleans (Historycentral.com) (United States victory) (after peace treaty was signed) 8 January 1815
  • Campaigns of the War of 1812-1815, against Great Britain, sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the American engineers, George W. Cullum, FHL Microfilm 1404257
  • Paine, Ralph Delahaye, The fight for a free sea: a chronicle of the War of 1812 New Haven Connecticut, Yale University Press, 1920). FHL Book 235 973 H2

Documentaries

  • PBS, The War of 1812, has a short video with information about the war. It also has lists of historic sites with short histories of each.
  • History.com, War of 1812, has several short videos about the war as well as a brief written histories of the war and a few prominent people.

Web Sites

Additional Resources

  • Dudley, William S., The Naval War of 1812: a documentary history(Washington, District of Columbia, Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy 1985-2002). FHL Book 973 M3
  • Fredriksen, John C, "Resource Guide for the War of 1812" ([S.l.]: J.C. Fredriksen, c1979) FHL book 973 M23f
  • Hickey, Donald R. The War of 1812, a forgotten conflict' (Chicago, Illinois:  University of Illinois Press, 1989) pages 457 FHL Book 973 H2
  • Horsman, Reginald The War of 1812 (New York, New York, Alfred A Knophf, 1969) pages 286 FHL Book 973 H2
  • Jacobs, James Ripley and Glenn Tucker, The War of 1812 : a compact history (New York, New York, Hawthorn Books copyright 1969)
  • Latimer, Jon: 1812: war with America (Cambridge, Massachusette: Belknap Press, c2007 pages 637 FHL Book 973 M2
  • Malcomson, Robert: Historical dictionary of the War of 1812'(Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006) pages 701 FHL Book 973 H26 

Web Sites

  • The Man Who Captured the White House - Brief histories of the activities of General Ross, including the burning of the White House and the events for the writing of the Star Spangled Banner.



References

  1. Government of Canada, War of 1812, (accessed 9 April 2012).
  2. Government of Canada, War of 1812, (accessed 9 April 2012).