Difference between revisions of "Canada Census, 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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''[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]]''
|CID=CID1583536
 
|title=Canada Census 1891
 
|location=Canada}}<br>
 
 
 
== Title in the Language of the Record ==
 
 
 
Canada, recensement
 
 
 
== Record Description  ==
 
  
This collection will include records for 1891.<br>
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{{Canada HR Infobox
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| CID = CID1583536
 +
| title = Canada Census, 1891
 +
| location = Canada
 +
| LOC_01 =
 +
| LOC_02 = 
 +
| loc_map =
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| record_type = Census
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| start_year = 1891
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| end_year = 1891
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| language = English
 +
| title_language = 
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[Canada]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 =  [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=299&query=%2Bplace%3ACanada%20%2Bkeywords%3Acensus FamilySearch Library Catalog] 
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[Canadian Censuses Online]] 
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| FS_URL_04 = [[Canada Census|Canada Census]] 
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| FS_URL_05 = [[How Canadian National Censuses Are Organized]]
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| FS_URL_06 = [[Canada Historic Maps]]
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| FS_URL_07 = [[Library and Archives Canada]]
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| FS_URL_08 = [[Canada History Links]]
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| FS_URL_09 = [[Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years|Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years]] 
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1851/Pages/about-census.aspx Canada Census, 1851]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/pages/census.aspx Library and Archives Canada]
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| RW_URL_03 = [http://globalgenealogy.com/countries/canada/searchable-data.htm Searchable Online Data Canadian Genealogy and History] 
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| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1891/Pages/about-census.aspx Library and Archives Canada] (You can find each record's image if you use this site)
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| custodian = [http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/index.aspx Public Archives, Ontario]
 +
}}
  
The census day for Canada was taken April 6, 1891.
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== What Is in This Collection? ==
  
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
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The official day of the 1891 census for Canada, was taken was April 6, 1891. This is important because it represents the population on that exact day.
  
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Therefore, the third national Canadian census was conducted in 1891. Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
+
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and sub districts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).  
  
Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.
 
 
The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant as anyone in the household, or even neighbors, could give information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or falsified.
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
{{Collection citation
 
| text = <!--bibdescbegin-->Canada Department of Agriculture. Canada Census, 1891. Public Archives of Canada, Ottowa, Ontario.<!--bibdescend-->}}
 
 
== Record Content  ==
 
 
Important genealogical information in the census includes:
 
  
 +
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
 +
'''Census records''' may contain the following information:
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
*Age (can be used to calculate an approximate birth year)
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*Gender
*Sex
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*Age
*Relation to head of family
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*Approximate year of birth
*Born within the last 12 months
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*Marital status
*Country or province of birth
 
 
*Religion  
 
*Religion  
*Occupation
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*Town, village, township, or sub-district of residence
*Married or widowed
 
*Town, village, township, or subdistrict of residence
 
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
 +
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:
 +
*The name of your ancestor
 +
*The name of a relative or date of the event
  
Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census for each person to search other record types. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records do not exist.
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=== Search the Index ===
 +
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=CID1583536
 +
}}
  
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.  
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
  
== Known Issues with This Collection  ==
+
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Canada Census 1891 Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.  
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
=== I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later.  
 +
* Use the ages listed to determine approximate birth dates and find the family in additional censuses.
 +
*Use the information found in the record to find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records.  
 +
*Use the information found in the record to find land, probate and immigration records.
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.  
 +
*[[Canada Church Records| Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
== Related Websites ==
+
=== I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking For, What Now? ===  
 +
*If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county. 
 +
*Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name.
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.html nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well. 
 +
*Search in the [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=299&query=%2Bplace%3ACanada%20%2Bkeywords%3Acensus FamilySearch Library Catalog]
  
[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/census-1891/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada]&nbsp;(You can find each records image if you use this site)
 
  
== Related Wiki Articles ==
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== Known Issues With This Collection ==
  
*[[Canada Census]]  
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{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
*[[Canada]]
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|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]  
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1891-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
== Contribution to This Article  ==
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1891-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
{{Contributor invite}}
+
== Citing This Collection  ==
 +
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''Collection Citation''':
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "Canada Census, 1891." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.}}
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
'''Record Citation''' (or citation for the index entry):
 +
{{Record Citation Link
 +
|CID=CID1583536
 +
|title=Canada Census, 1891
 +
}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
'''[[Canada_Census,_1891_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
[[Category:Canada_census]] [[Category:Canada|1891]]
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
 +
{{Contributor invite}}
 +
[[Category:Canada Census]]
 +
{{H-langs|en=Canada Census, 1891 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Canadá, Censo, 1891 (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 17:19, 11 August 2017

Canada

Access the Records
Canada Census, 1891 .
CID1583536
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Canada
Canada flag.png
Flag of Canada
Canada.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1891-1891
Languages English
Title in the Language
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Public Archives, Ontario


What Is in This Collection?

The official day of the 1891 census for Canada, was taken was April 6, 1891. This is important because it represents the population on that exact day.

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. The categories are in both English and French. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and sub districts. This collection of the 1891 census contains the population schedules for the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and the Northwest Territories (Alberta, Assiniboia, and Saskatchewan).


What Can These Records Tell Me?

Census records may contain the following information:

  • Full name
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Approximate year of birth
  • Marital status
  • Religion
  • Town, village, township, or sub-district of residence

How Do I Search the Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The name of a relative or date of the event

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.

For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found Who I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later.
  • Use the ages listed to determine approximate birth dates and find the family in additional censuses.
  • Use the information found in the record to find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records.
  • Use the information found in the record to find land, probate and immigration records.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find Who I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county.
  • Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Search in the FamilySearch Library Catalog


Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation:

"Canada Census, 1891." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Canada Census, 1891.


Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.