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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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{{breadcrumb
|CID=CID1551612
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| link1=[[Canada Genealogy|Canada]]
|title=Canada Census 1871
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| link2=
|location=Canada}}<br>
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| link3=
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| link4=
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| link5=
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}}
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{{Canada HR Infobox
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| CID = CID1551612
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| title = Canada Census, 1871
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| location = Canada  
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| LOC_01 =
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| LOC_02 = 
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| loc_map =
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| record_type = Census
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| start_year = 1871
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| end_year = 1871
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| language = English
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| title_language = 
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| FS_URL_01 = [[Canada]]
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| FS_URL_02 =  [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=299&query=%2Bplace%3ACanada%20%2Bkeywords%3Acensus FamilySearch Library Catalog] 
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| FS_URL_03 = [[Canadian Censuses Online]] 
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| FS_URL_04 = [[Canada Census|Canada Census]] 
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| FS_URL_05 = [[How Canadian National Censuses Are Organized]]
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| FS_URL_06 = [[Canada Historic Maps]]
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| FS_URL_07 = [[Library and Archives Canada]]
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| FS_URL_08 = [[Canada History Links]]
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| FS_URL_09 = [[Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years|Find Ancestors in Canadian Census Records All Years]] 
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| FS_URL_10 =
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| RW_URL_01 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/1851/Pages/about-census.aspx Canada Census, 1851]
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| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/census/pages/census.aspx Library and Archives Canada]
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| RW_URL_03 = [http://globalgenealogy.com/countries/canada/searchable-data.htm Searchable Online Data Canadian Genealogy and History] 
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| RW_URL_04 = 
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| RW_URL_05 =
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| custodian = [http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/index.aspx Public Archives, Ontario]
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}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What is in This Collection? ==
  
The census day for Canada in this year was April 2, 1871.<br>
+
The census day for Canada in this year was April 2, 1871.  
  
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and subdistricts. It contains the following nine schedules arranged within subdistricts:  
+
Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and sub-districts. It contains the following nine schedules arranged within sub-districts:  
  
 
*Nominal return of the living  
 
*Nominal return of the living  
Line 20: Line 52:
 
*Return of mineral products
 
*Return of mineral products
  
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The first census was set for 1871 and every ten years thereafter. Thus, the first national Canadian census was conducted in 1871.  
+
Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The national government of Canada has taken censuses every ten years since 1871 and every five years since 1971. The 1871 census covers the four original provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario. The first coast-to-coast census was taken in 1881. Newfoundland was not part of Canada until 1949. For Newfoundland few 19th-century censuses that list names have been found. They mostly contain statistical summaries.  
  
Enumeration was by census district, except for Prince Edward Island, which was enumerated by lot number. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and subdistricts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same.  
+
National census records are arranged by province and within provinces by census districts and subdistricts. Census districts are voting districts, not counties. Although a voting district may have the same name as a county, it may not include the same townships. In some provinces, townships are equivalent to census sub-districts. Since the boundaries varied from census to census, it is not easy to tell which census district an eastern Canadian township or western Canadian village was in. Contemporary maps of the census districts have been lost or destroyed.  
  
The national government of Canada has taken censuses every ten years since 1871 and every five years since 1971. The 1871 census covers the four original provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario. The first coast-to-coast census was taken in 1881. Newfoundland was not part of Canada until 1949. For Newfoundland few 19th-century censuses that list names have been found. They mostly contain statistical summaries.
+
Abbreviations are used in the birthplace field for the names of the Province of birth. For example, O is for Ontario and Q for Quebec. Some entries include a second letter appears in the abbreviation, u stands for urban and r stands for rural. Qu would mean that the person was born in an urban area of Quebec.
 
 
National census records are arranged by province and within provinces by census districts and subdistricts. Census districts are voting districts, not counties. Although a voting district may have the same name as a county, it may not include the same townships. In some provinces, townships are equivalent to census sub-districts.
 
 
 
Since the boundaries varied from census to census, it is not easy to tell which census district an eastern Canadian township or western Canadian village was in. Contemporary maps of the census districts have been lost or destroyed.
 
 
 
Abbreviations are used in the birthplace field for the names of the Province of birth. For example, O is for Ontario and Q for Quebec. Some entries include a second letter appears in the abbreviation, u stands for urban and r stands for rural.&nbsp;Qu would mean that the person was born in an urban area of Quebec. <br>
 
 
 
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
 
 
 
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
 
 
 
{{Collection citation | text= "Canada Census, 1871." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.}}
 
 
 
= Record Content  ==
 
 
 
These census records may contain the following information:
 
  
 +
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
 +
'''Census records''' may include:
 
*Full name  
 
*Full name  
 
*Age  
 
*Age  
Line 52: Line 70:
 
*Town, village, township, or sub-district of residence
 
*Town, village, township, or sub-district of residence
  
== How to Use the Records  ==
+
== How Do I Search This Collection? ==
 
+
You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:
To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
+
*The name of your ancestor
 
+
*The name of a relative or date of the event
*Ancestors name
 
*Birth place
 
*Approximate birth year
 
 
 
==== Search the Collection  ====
 
 
 
To search this collection using the index:
 
 
 
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
 
 
 
==== Using the Information  ====
 
 
 
If you have found the information that you are looking for, you can do the following:  
 
 
 
*Use the birth place and birth year for each individual you find in the census, to search for a birth record in the [https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1520604 Canada, Births and Baptisms, 1661-1959] collection
 
*Use the birth year of your ancestor to search for later census records.
 
 
 
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor?  ====
 
 
 
If you are unable to find the information that you are looking for, consider the following information to help further your research:
 
 
 
*Search available indexes before using the census records. As indexes may be incomplete or incorrect, if you have reason to believe your ancestor should have been in the census, search the census even if your ancestor is not in the index.
 
*Gazetteers published in the 1880s sometimes list the "electoral county" or census/voting district rather than the county where a city or village was located. If you still cannot determine the census district, you may need to search several neighboring census districts to find your ancestor.
 
*When there are no census indexes, look for your ancestor’s location in other kinds of indexes. See [[Canada Church Records]], [[Canada Directories]], [[Canada Emigration and Immigration]], [[Canada Genealogy]], and [[Canada Land and Property Records]] and in Wiki articles of the provinces.
 
 
 
==== General Information About These Records  ====
 
  
Be aware there may be inaccuracies such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=CID1551612
 +
}}
  
Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.  
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
  
== Known Issues with This Collection ==
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
 +
=== I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later.
 +
* Use the ages listed to determine approximate birth dates and find the family in additional censuses.
 +
*Use the information found in the record to find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records.
 +
*Use the information found in the record to find land, probate and immigration records.
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[Canada Church Records| Church Records]] often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
{{HR Known Issues}}For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [[Canada 1871 Census Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)/Known Issues|Wiki article]]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
+
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now? === 
 +
*If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county. 
 +
*Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name.
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.html nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well.
 +
*Check the info box above for additional FamilySearch websites and related websites that may assist you in finding similar records
  
== Related Websites ==
+
== Known Issues With This Collection ==
  
*[http://globalgenealogy.com/countries/canada/searchable-data.htm Searchable Online Data Canadian Genealogy &amp; History]  
+
{| width="320" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" border=".5" style="float:right;font-size:8pt"
*[http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/databases/1871-ontario/index-e.html Library and Archives Canada]
+
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" | [[Image:Important.png|60x60px|Important.png]]  
 +
| bgcolor="#fff3e7" style="vertical-align:top; line-height:125%; padding-top:8px" | '''Problems with this collection?'''<br>[https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1871-known-issues&lang=en See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.]
 +
|}
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached [https://familysearch.org/ask/salesforce/viewArticle?urlname=Canada-Census-1871-known-issues&lang=en article]. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to [mailto:support@familysearch.org support@familysearch.org]. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
  
*[[Canada]]
+
== Citing This Collection  ==
*[[Canada Census|Canada Census]]
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
== Contributions to This Article ==
+
;Collection Citation:
 +
   
 +
{{Collection citation | text= "Canada Census, 1871." Database. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.}}
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
{{Record_Citation}}  
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
{{Contributor invite}}
  
[[Category:Canada_census]]
+
[[Category:Canada Census]]
 +
{{H-langs|en=Canada Census,1871 (FamilySearch Historical Records)|pt=Canadá, Censo, 1871 (Registros Históricos do FamilySearch)}}

Latest revision as of 16:17, 8 November 2017

Canada
Access the Records
Canada Census, 1871 .
CID1551612
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Canada
Canada flag.png
Flag of Canada
Canada.png
Record Description
Record Type Census
Collection years 1871-1871
Languages English
Title in the Language
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
Public Archives, Ontario


What is in This Collection?

The census day for Canada in this year was April 2, 1871.

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with pre-printed rows and columns. The schedules were organized by province and then by census districts and sub-districts. It contains the following nine schedules arranged within sub-districts:

  • Nominal return of the living
  • Nominal return of the deaths within last twelve months
  • Return of public institutions, real estate, vehicles, and implements
  • Return of cultivated land, field products, and plants and fruits
  • Live stock, animal products, home-made fabrics, and furs
  • Return of industrial establishments
  • Return of products of the forest
  • Return of shipping and fisheries
  • Return of mineral products

Following the Constitution Act, 1867, census taking became a federal mandate. The national government of Canada has taken censuses every ten years since 1871 and every five years since 1971. The 1871 census covers the four original provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Ontario. The first coast-to-coast census was taken in 1881. Newfoundland was not part of Canada until 1949. For Newfoundland few 19th-century censuses that list names have been found. They mostly contain statistical summaries.

National census records are arranged by province and within provinces by census districts and subdistricts. Census districts are voting districts, not counties. Although a voting district may have the same name as a county, it may not include the same townships. In some provinces, townships are equivalent to census sub-districts. Since the boundaries varied from census to census, it is not easy to tell which census district an eastern Canadian township or western Canadian village was in. Contemporary maps of the census districts have been lost or destroyed.

Abbreviations are used in the birthplace field for the names of the Province of birth. For example, O is for Ontario and Q for Quebec. Some entries include a second letter appears in the abbreviation, u stands for urban and r stands for rural. Qu would mean that the person was born in an urban area of Quebec.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

Census records may include:

  • Full name
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Approximate birth year
  • Place of birth
  • Marital Status
  • Religion
  • Ethnic origin
  • Town, village, township, or sub-district of residence

How Do I Search This Collection?

You can search the index or view the images or both. To begin your search it is helpful to know:

  • The name of your ancestor
  • The name of a relative or date of the event

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later.
  • Use the ages listed to determine approximate birth dates and find the family in additional censuses.
  • Use the information found in the record to find church and vital records such as birth, baptism, marriage, and death records.
  • Use the information found in the record to find land, probate and immigration records.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records often were kept years before government records were required and are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.

I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county.
  • Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Check the info box above for additional FamilySearch websites and related websites that may assist you in finding similar records

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Canada Census, 1871." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2017. Citing Department of Agriculture. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.