Difference between revisions of "Camino Real de Tierra Adentro"

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=== Historical Background  ===
 
=== Historical Background  ===
  
In 1598 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_de_Onate Juan de Oñate] outfitted and led to the north several hundred Spanish colonists from Zacatecas, Mexico to establish the [[New Spain|New Spain]] province of [[Portal:New Mexico|New Mexico]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Santa Fe de Nuevo México" in Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Santa_Fe_de_Nuevo_M%C3%A9xico&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=292704930 (accessed 20 June 2009).</ref> They traveled to Chihuahua, El Paso, and then mostly followed the Rio Grande north to San Juan Pueblo (Tewa: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohkay_Owingeh_Pueblo,_New_Mexico Ohkay Owingeh]) 25 miles (40 km) north of Santa Fe.  
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In 1598 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_de_Onate Juan de Oñate] outfitted and led to the north several hundred Spanish colonists from Zacatecas, Mexico to establish the [[New Spain|New Spain]] province of [[Portal:New Mexico|New Mexico]].<ref>Wikipedia contributors, "Santa Fe de Nuevo México" in Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Santa_Fe_de_Nuevo_M%C3%A9xico&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=292704930 (accessed 20 June 2009).</ref> They traveled to Chihuahua, El Paso, and then mostly followed the Rio Grande north to San Juan Pueblo (Tewa: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohkay_Owingeh_Pueblo,_New_Mexico Ohkay Owingeh]) 25 miles (40 km) north of Santa Fe.  
  
 
The trail route they pioneered came to be called the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro. It is the oldest and longest used (1598-1884) of all [[:Category:US Migration Trails and Roads|historical trails]] in what is now the United States. For more than a century it was also the longest length of trail in America.<ref>El Camino Real International Heritage Center Foundation, ''Celebrating the Historic Trail that Helped Develop the Southwest'' [flyer] (Socorro, N.M.: ECRIHCF, ca. 2009).</ref> The trail traditionally reached from Mexico City to Santa Fe. The northern part of the Trail was also known as the Chihuahua Trail between Santa Fe, New Mexico and Chihuahua, Mexico.  
 
The trail route they pioneered came to be called the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro. It is the oldest and longest used (1598-1884) of all [[:Category:US Migration Trails and Roads|historical trails]] in what is now the United States. For more than a century it was also the longest length of trail in America.<ref>El Camino Real International Heritage Center Foundation, ''Celebrating the Historic Trail that Helped Develop the Southwest'' [flyer] (Socorro, N.M.: ECRIHCF, ca. 2009).</ref> The trail traditionally reached from Mexico City to Santa Fe. The northern part of the Trail was also known as the Chihuahua Trail between Santa Fe, New Mexico and Chihuahua, Mexico.  
  
The wagon route in New Mexico was discontinued a few years after a branch of the Santa Fe Railroad linked Albuquerque and El Paso, Texas in 1882.<ref>Paul Harden, ''Map of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro . . .'' ([Socorro, N.M.?]: Hardin, 2005).</ref>
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The wagon route in New Mexico was discontinued a few years after a branch of the Santa Fe Railroad linked Albuquerque and El Paso, Texas in 1882.<ref>Paul Harden, ''Map of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro . . .'' ([Socorro, N.M.?]: Hardin, 2005).</ref>  
  
 
=== Trail Route  ===
 
=== Trail Route  ===
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{{reflist}}<br><br>  
 
{{reflist}}<br><br>  
  
[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]]
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[[Category:Migration_Routes]] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Roads]] [[Category:New Mexico]] [[Category:Mexico]]

Revision as of 07:04, 21 June 2009

United States  >  Migration  >  Trails and Roads  >  Camino_Real_de_Tierra_Adentro

Click this map of the trail to enlarge it.
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro (English: Royal Road to the Interior).

Historical Background

In 1598 Juan de Oñate outfitted and led to the north several hundred Spanish colonists from Zacatecas, Mexico to establish the New Spain province of New Mexico.[1] They traveled to Chihuahua, El Paso, and then mostly followed the Rio Grande north to San Juan Pueblo (Tewa: Ohkay Owingeh) 25 miles (40 km) north of Santa Fe.

The trail route they pioneered came to be called the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro. It is the oldest and longest used (1598-1884) of all historical trails in what is now the United States. For more than a century it was also the longest length of trail in America.[2] The trail traditionally reached from Mexico City to Santa Fe. The northern part of the Trail was also known as the Chihuahua Trail between Santa Fe, New Mexico and Chihuahua, Mexico.

The wagon route in New Mexico was discontinued a few years after a branch of the Santa Fe Railroad linked Albuquerque and El Paso, Texas in 1882.[3]

Trail Route

Like most trails there can be many variations, but the following towns were usually visited when following it from north to south:

  • San Juan Pueblo
  • Santa Fe
  • Albuquerque
  • Socorro
  • Jornada del Muerto (a stretch of dry camps away from the Rio Grande)
  • Las Cruces
  • Mesilla
  • El Paso
  • Juarez
  • Chihuahua
  • Zacatecas
  • Guanajuato
  • Mexico City

Settlers

For a list of settlers who used the Camino Real de Tierra Adentro to come from old Mexico to New Mexico, see El Camino Real De Tierra Adentro: Five Waves of Settlers from 1598 - 1800.

Internet Sites

Sources

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Santa Fe de Nuevo México" in Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Santa_Fe_de_Nuevo_M%C3%A9xico&amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;oldid=292704930 (accessed 20 June 2009).
  2. El Camino Real International Heritage Center Foundation, Celebrating the Historic Trail that Helped Develop the Southwest [flyer] (Socorro, N.M.: ECRIHCF, ca. 2009).
  3. Paul Harden, Map of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro . . . ([Socorro, N.M.?]: Hardin, 2005).