Camden-Charleston PathSouth Carolina pioneer towns of Camden and Charleston. Charleston was the largest European settlement, the capital, on the King's Highway, and the start of several other trails. Camden was at a crossroad on the southwest portion of the Occaneechi Path. The southwest part of the Fall Line Road overlapped the Occaneechi Path from Camden to Augusta, Georgia. Part of the south fork of the Great Valley Road also overlapped the Occaneechi Path from Salisbury, North Carolina to Augusta, Georgia. The Camden-Charleston Path was opened to European settlers about 1732. It began in Charleston County, South Carolina and ended in Kershaw County, South Carolina. The length of the path was about 150 miles (240 km).
Camden was settled in 1732 by a few English colonists from Charleston. It was the first inland town in South Carolina. It was built on the "fall line" of the Wateree River. The Camden-Charleston Path probably followed older Indian trails. A number of Quakers were the next to settle along the river.
The first European colonists settled in counties along this path (north to south) as follows:
Connecting trails. The Camden-Charleston Path links to other trails at each end. The migration pathways connecting in Charleston include:
The migration routes connecting in Camden include:
Modern parallels. The modern roads that roughly match the old Camden-Charleston Path start in Charleston. Follow I-26 north to the Orangeburg. Take State 601 north to Camden.
Settlers and Records
Most of the early colonists along the path and in Camden were Englishmen from Charleston. Later settlers included Quakers, and eventually immigrants from the Ulster part of Ireland.
No complete list of settlers who used the Camden-Charleston Path is known to exist. However, local and county histories along the road may reveal first pioneer settlers who were candidates to have travelled the Camden-Charleston Path from the Charleston area. Later pioneers also may have used other connecting trails such as the Occaneechi Path, King's Highway, Fall Line Road, and Great Valley Road.
For partial lists of settlers who probably used the Camden-Charleston Path, see:
in Kershaw County:
- "Early Settlement of the Area Now Kershaw County" in Kershaw County Historical Society Blog at http://kchistory.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
in Sumter County:
- Anne King Gregorie, History of Sumter County, South Carolina (Sumter, S.C.: Library Board of Sumter County, 1954) (FHL 975.769 H2g)
in Calhoun County:
in Orangeburg County:
in Dorchester County:
- Based on the 1732 Camden settlement date and the fact that the settlers were from Charleston as cited in South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 848. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
- South Carolina - The Counties, http://www.carolana.com/SC/Counties/sc_counties_alphabetical_order.html (accessed 22 March 2011).