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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cambridgeshire]]  
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''[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Cambridgeshire]]''
  
For an explanation of probate records in England, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
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== Getting Started  ==
  
== Getting Started  ==
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''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Cambridgeshire. See [[England Probate Records]] for a general description of probate records in England.
  
Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his/her heirs. 
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=== 1858 to the Present  ===
  
In order to find a probate record for your ancestor, you must answer two questions:
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.
  
#When did your ancestor die?
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=== Before 1858  ===
#Where did your ancestor live or own property?
 
  
A key date is 1858, when probate authority was taken from the ecclesiatical courts of the Church of England and given to the civil government. 
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Cambridgeshire, follow these steps:
  
*If your ancestor died before 1858, his/her probate would have been proven by an ecclesiatical court and it is important to know where he/she lived, as that will determine which courts had jurisdiction. 
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==== Step 1. Search Indexes  ====
*If you know where your ancestor lived before 1858, you should go to the '''Court Jurisdictions''' section below to determine what courts had jurisdiction over your ancestor's place of residence. 
 
*Beginning in 1858, probate authority was vested in the '''Principal Probate Registry''' system.  For more information, scroll to the '''Post-1857 Probate Records''' section at the bottom of the page.
 
  
Once you have answered the two questions and determined the courts, look for indexes. Indexes will be found on the individual court pages (when you click on a court name) or in the '''Probate Indexes''' section below.<br><br>
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Cambridgeshire. Search this index first:
  
== Cambridgeshire Probate Courts  ==
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*[http://www.origins.net/help/aboutNWI-procoll.aspx Archdeaconry of Ely Probate Records 1513-1857]. Part of the National Wills Index.
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*[http://www.origins.net/help/aboutNWI-procoll.aspx Consistory Court of Ely Probate Records 1449-1858]. Part of the National Wills Index.
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*[http://www.cfhs.org.uk/camwisdex.html Cambridgeshire Wills Surname Index pre-1858].&nbsp; Established by the Cambridgeshire Family History Society, this index is small but is growing. Contributions are welcome.
  
Here is a list of the courts that had some probate jurisdiction over the parishes of Cambridgeshire:
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See other indexes on the court pages.&nbsp; Click on a court name link in the Cambridgeshire Probate Courts section above.<br>
  
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Ely]] (Diocese of Ely)
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Did you find a reference to a probate record?
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Norfolk]] (Diocese of Norwich)
 
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Sudbury]] (Diocese of Norwich)
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Ely]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
*[[Court of the Bishop of Norwich]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
*[[Court of the Commissary of the Bishop of London]] (Essex and Hertfordshire Division)
 
*[[Prerogative Court of the Archibishop of Canterbury]]
 
  
== Some Explanatory Notes on the Cambridgeshire Courts  ==
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
  
== Court Jurisdictions ==
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died ====
  
Before 1858, probate of the estates of deceased persons was handled by eccelesiastical courts of the Church of England.&nbsp; Every parish was under the jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts.
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Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;  
  
Below is a&nbsp;list of Cambridgeshire towns and parishes beginning with the letter A and the&nbsp;pre-1858 courts that had jurisdiction over them.&nbsp; For other places, click on the link for the letter a parish name begins with:&nbsp;
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:  
  
[[Cambridgeshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes B|B]], [[Cambridgeshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes C|C]], [[Cambridgeshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes D-G|D-G]], [[Cambridgeshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes H-L|H-L]], [[Cambridgeshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes M-R|M-R]], [[Cambridgeshire Probate Jurisdictions, Parishes S-Z|S-Z]].
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
<br>
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
  
{| cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" width="95%" align="center" border="1"
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*A place is a parish, or
|-
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*What parish it is a part of, or
! style="background: rgb(255,222,173); moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial" width="15%" | PARISH
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*What place it is near.
! style="background: rgb(255,222,173); moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial" width="40%" | PRIMARY COURT
 
! style="background: rgb(255,222,173); moz-background-clip: -moz-initial; moz-background-origin: -moz-initial; moz-background-inline-policy: -moz-initial" width="40%" | SECONDARY COURTS - IN SEARCH ORDER
 
|-
 
| Abington Pigotts
 
| [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Ely]]
 
| 2 - [[Court of the Bishop of Ely]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
|-
 
| Arrington
 
| [[Court of the Bishop of Ely]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
| 2 - [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]]
 
|-
 
| Ashley with Silverley
 
| [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Sudbury]]
 
| 2 - Pre-1837: [[Court of the Consistory of Norwich]]
 
2 - Post-1836: [[Court of the Bishop of Ely]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
  
|}
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.
  
<br>
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.
  
== Probate Indexes Online ==
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish ====
  
Before looking for a will, you should search an index.  
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Cambridgeshire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with:
  
<br>[http://www.cfhs.org.uk/camwisdex.html www.cfhs.org.uk/camwisdex.html]
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<br>  
  
CAMBRIDGESHIRE WILLS SURNAME INDEX pre-1858<br>
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{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" style="width: 369px; height: 30px" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| &nbsp;&nbsp;
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| [[Cambridgeshire_Probate_Jurisdictions,_Parishes_A-B|A-B]]
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| [[Cambridgeshire_Probate_Jurisdictions,_Parishes_C|C]]&nbsp;
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| [[Cambridgeshire_Probate_Jurisdictions,_Parishes_D-G|D-G]]
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| [[Cambridgeshire_Probate_Jurisdictions,_Parishes_H-L|H-L]]
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| [[Cambridgeshire_Probate_Jurisdictions,_Parishes_M-R|M-R]]&nbsp;
 +
| [[Cambridgeshire_Probate_Jurisdictions,_Parishes_S-Z|S-Z]]
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|}
  
 
<br>
 
<br>
  
<br>
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==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
 +
 
 +
Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
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*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Between 1813-1858 estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
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*Visit the[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library] or a [[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. <br>
  
<br>
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== Cambridgeshire Probate Courts  ==
  
== Post-1858 Probate Records  ==
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Here is a list of the ecclesiastical courts that had some pre-1858 probate jurisdiction over the parishes of Cambridgeshire. &nbsp;Click on a court name for more information.&nbsp; Also see the Indexes section below.&nbsp;
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system.&nbsp; The system consists of 11 district registry offices and&nbsp;18 sub-district registries, located throughout England and Wales, and&nbsp;the principal registry&nbsp;office located in London.&nbsp; The records are available through the office of Her Majesty's Courts Service.&nbsp; To learn more, go to the [http://www.hmcourts-service.gov.uk/infoabout/civil/probate/index.htm HMCS website].
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*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Ely]] (Diocese of Ely)
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*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Norfolk]] (Diocese of Norwich)
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*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Sudbury]] (Diocese of Norwich)
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*[[Court of the Bishop of Ely (Episcopal Consistory)|Court of the Bishop of Ely]] (Episcopal Consistory)
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*[[Court of the Bishop of Norwich]] (Episcopal Consistory)
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*[[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Rochester]]
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*[[Court of the Chancellor of the University of Cambridge]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of Isleham and Freckenham]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar of King's College]]
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*[[Court of the Peculiar Parish of Thorney]]
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] &gt;
  
A&nbsp;country-wide surname index to the records is available, so it is much easier to look for post-1857 wills.&nbsp; The [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=208102&disp=Calendar+of+the+grants+of+probate+and+le%20%20&columns=*,0,0 indexes] for 1858-1957 and the records for 1858-1925 are available on microfilm at the Family History Library.<br>
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{{Place|Cambridgeshire|Probate}}
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{{England Probate Records}}
  
[[Category:Cambridgeshire|Probate Records]]
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[[Category:Cambridgeshire|Probate]]
[[Category:Probate records in England]]
 

Revision as of 15:10, 7 May 2013

England Gotoarrow.png Cambridgeshire

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Cambridgeshire. See England Probate Records for a general description of probate records in England.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Cambridgeshire, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Cambridgeshire. Search this index first:

See other indexes on the court pages.  Click on a court name link in the Cambridgeshire Probate Courts section above.

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts. Every town and parish in Cambridgeshire fell under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Click on a link below for the letter the parish begins with:


   A-B C  D-G H-L M-R  S-Z


Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.

Cambridgeshire Probate Courts

Here is a list of the ecclesiastical courts that had some pre-1858 probate jurisdiction over the parishes of Cambridgeshire.  Click on a court name for more information.  Also see the Indexes section below.