Difference between revisions of "California Great Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records)"
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== History of the Great Registers ==
== History of the Great Registers ==
The first voter registration records were county poll lists. In 1866, poll lists were replaced by voter registers known as the Great Registers. California’s Great Registers were created from the Registry Act of 1866 that was enacted to help prevent voter fraud. The act provided “for the registration of all the citizens” of the state of California. Each voter was required to register with the county clerk
The first voter registration records were county poll lists. In 1866, poll lists were replaced by voter registers known as the Great Registers. California’s Great Registers were created from the Registry Act of 1866 that was enacted to help prevent voter fraud. The act provided “for the registration of all the citizens” of the state of California. Each voter was required to register with the county clerk. <br>
== Record Content ==
== Record Content ==
Revision as of 06:02, 31 March 2013
|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: California Great Registers, 1866-1910 .
- 1 Record Description
- 2 History of the Great Registers
- 3 Record Content
- 4 How to Use this Record Collection
- 5 Tips and Strategies in Using California Great Register Records
- 6 Related Websites
- 7 Related Wiki Articles
- 8 Contributions to This Article
- 9 Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
This FamilySearch online collection includes records from 1866 to 1910. The collection consists of County Clerk voting registers from most counties in California. The registers were created every other year. The time period varies by county. Records in this collection without a specifc registration year will be displayed as "Registration Date Year Range." For these records, the "Event Date" is the median year.
History of the Great Registers
The first voter registration records were county poll lists. In 1866, poll lists were replaced by voter registers known as the Great Registers. California’s Great Registers were created from the Registry Act of 1866 that was enacted to help prevent voter fraud. The act provided “for the registration of all the citizens” of the state of California. Each voter was required to register with the county clerk.
The Registry Act required county clerks to register the names and information of all voters into “suitable ... books, strongly bound, with the necessary ruled columns and appropriate headings and labels.” These books were to be designated as the “Great Register”.
Legislation in 1872 specified that county clerks would create printed copies of these registers for distribution among the county election precincts, libraries, and other depositories.
Affidavits were also used early on to register new voters. Information from the affidavits was copied into the Great Registers. An amendment to the political code in 1909 discontinued the practice of keeping Great Registers. Instead, the affidavits were to constitute the official record. Printed indexes to the affidavits were created, but they contain only minimal information.
The California Great Registers are available from 1867 through 1944 (1968 for a few counties). They are helpful in identifying Anglo and Hispanic males over the age of 21, since they were required by law to register. Although the 15th Amendment granted African-Americans the right to vote in 1870, many were disenfranchised on account of literacy. Thus, many African-Americans don’t appear in the registers until the twentieth century.
The early great registers are arranged in columns and give the following information:
- Full name of each voter (only men could vote)
- State or country of birth
- If naturalized, the name of the granting court and the date of naturalization
Registers after 1895 contain additional data:
- Voter’s physical description, including height, complexion, color of eyes and hair, and visible marks and scars
- Ability to read the Constitution in the English language and write his own name
- If physically able to mark the ballot; if no, the nature of the disability
- If transferred from a different voting precinct or county
By 1900 printed lists typically contain only:
Although additional details, such as physical description and naturalization, were discontinued on the printed indexes by 1900, the information was still recorded on the registration affidavits. Political affiliations were added to the printed registers around 1908.
How to Use this Record Collection
To begin your search you will need to know the following:
- Name of the ancestor
Complete the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information of these individuals to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may provide new biographical details that can lead to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family.
Tips and Strategies in Using California Great Register Records
The electoral registers may help you determine the residence of an individual and how long that person lived there. They may also help you locate other records in which that person might appear.
You may also find the following tips helpful:
- Use the name, residence, or birth date to locate your ancestor in church, land, and census records.
- Use ages to determine approximate birth dates.
- Use the naturalization information to find immigration and naturalization court documents.
- Information on occupations may lead to occupational records, or other related records, such as business or military records.
- Search for records of other people in the county who shared the same surname. These people may have been the couple’s parents, uncles, or other relatives.
- When searching for a person with a common name, look at all entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
Also keep in mind:
- Some counties were subdivided or the boundaries may have changed. Consider searching neighboring counties as well since that courthouse may have been more convenient for the person.
- The information in voter registrations in usually very brief so it is easy to confuse individuals with similar names.
- Only men were allowed to vote.
If you are unable to find the ancestors you are looking for, try the following:
- Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
- Check for indexes.
Related Wiki Articles
Contributions to This Article
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.
- "California, Great Registers, 1866-1910." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013.
Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the Wiki Article: How to Cite FamilySearch Collections.