Difference between revisions of "California Census"

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''[[United States|United States ]] >  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] >  [[California|California]]  >  [[California Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[California|California]]  [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[California_Census|Census]]'' {{Adoption_CA_State_Genealogical_Alliance}}
  
== Available and Lost Census Schedules  ==
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="100%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
 
{| cellspacing="75" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
 
|+ '''CALIFORNIA:&nbsp; Existing and Lost Federal Census Schedules'''<ref>William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/16509993&amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 43-50, and William Dollarhide, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/41640325&amp;amp;amp;amp;referer=brief_results The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes]'' (Bountiful, Utah: HeritageQuest, 1999), 103.</ref>
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" width="90" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Population Schedules'''
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Vets'''
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Slave'''
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Mortal'''
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Agricu'''
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Indust'''
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" | '''Defect'''
 
|-
 
| '''1850''' Jun 1
 
| Exist for all counties except lost Contra Costa, San Francisco, and Santa Clara.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| Exist
 
| Exist
 
| Exist
 
| &nbsp;
 
 
|-
 
|-
| '''1860''' Jun 1
+
| width="44%" | __TOC__
| Exist for all counties.
+
| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
| &nbsp;
+
*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
| &nbsp;
+
*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
| Exist
+
*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.  
| Exist
+
*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.  
| Exist
+
*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1870''' Jun 1
 
| Exist for all counties.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| Exist
 
| Exist
 
| Exist
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | '''1880''' Jun 1
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist for all counties.
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | &nbsp;
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist
 
| bgcolor="#ffcc99" | Exist
 
|-
 
| '''1890''' Jun 2
 
| Lost
 
| Lost
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1900''' Jun 1
 
| Exist for all counties.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1910''' Apr 15
 
| Exist for all counties.
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1920''' Jan 1
 
| Exist for all counties.  
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|-
 
| '''1930''' Apr 1
 
| Exist for all counties.  
 
| &nbsp;  
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
| &nbsp;
 
|}
 
  
 
<br>  
 
<br>  
  
== Location  ==
+
*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[California Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
'''1850-1930--'''The National Archives''', '''the California State Library and the Family History Library has the U.S. federal censuses for the state of California.
+
|}
  
'''1890--'''Census has been destroyed.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
+
=== Online California indexes and images  ===
  
'''United States Censuses 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes and images to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880 (index only)], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. These indexes show every name listed on the census, and except for 1880 and 1920, are also linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
+
{{Census Online California}}
  
'''1940 to 2000--'''Can be obtained by heirs or legal representatives&nbsp;for named persons. There is a legal charge mandated fees for this service. More recent census records for deceased family members are available to direct line only. Transcript form B.C.600 can be obtained from:
+
=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
:Personal Census Search Unit
+
==== Microfilm Images  ====
:US Census Bureau
 
:PO Box 1545
 
:Jeffersonville, IN, 47131
 
:
 
  
== Historical Background  ==
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="745" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 +
|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''
 +
|-
 +
| 1940 N/A
 +
| {{FHL|646949|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|698886|title-id|disp=1870&nbsp;}}&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|1034478|title-id|disp=1930}}
 +
| {{FHL|647555|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|704546|title-id|disp=1860}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{FHL|555684|title-id|disp=1920&nbsp;and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|670368|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
 +
| {{FHL|744471|title-id|disp=1850}}
 +
|}
  
'''1821--'''Spain granted Mexico its independence.&nbsp; California was included with Mexico.
+
<br>
  
'''1848--'''Mexico ceded California to the United States.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
'''1850--'''California became a state.
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of California, [[California Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
== Indexes ==
+
=== Federal non-population schedules ===
  
'''United States Census Indexes 1850-1920'''—Free Internet census indexes to the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1401638;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1850], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1473181;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1860], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1870], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1417683;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable 1880], [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1325221 1900], and [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1488411 1920 (partial index only)] can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search.
+
==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
California Census years 1850, 1860, and 1870 have been indexed. They are available at the Californina State Library and the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.  
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="77%" align="center"
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for California'''</font>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Free'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries'''(usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" width="10%" align="center" | '''Type'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
 +
| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Defective
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1634 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1880'''
 +
| width="20%" | Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1870'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1860'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
 +
| '''1850'''
 +
| Mortality
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|}
  
Statewide indexes are available in book format for the 1850, 1860, and 1870 censuses. Soundex (phonetic) indexes are available on microfilm for part of the 1880 and all of the 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 censuses.
+
==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''&nbsp;1850''' census is not complete. Several counties are missing.
+
[[Family History Library|'''Family History Library''']]&nbsp;'''Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for California'''
  
== Special Censuses  ==
+
*1880 Special census of Indians {{FHL|321807|item}}
  
==== Mortality Schedules  ====
+
[[National Archives and Records Administration|'''National Archives''']]'''&nbsp;Federal Census '''[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/nonpopulation/california.html '''Non-Population Schedule''']'''Microfilms for California'''
  
'''1850-1880--'''Mortality schedules for the censuses are at the California State Library. A published index to the 1850 schedule is available at the Family History Library.&nbsp; Those schedules included inquiries about people who died during the 12 months shortly after the&nbsp;federal census was taken&nbsp;
+
*1935 Census of Business
  
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
The mortality schedule is an alphabetical list of people who died in the twelve months proceeding the federal census. The Mortality schedules include the name, gender, age, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. The schedules could give race as well.  
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of California, [[California Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].  
  
== State Censuses ==
+
=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses ===
  
California has some industral and Agriculture schedules for the years 1850,1860, 1870 and 1880. The information in those schedules show name name of the land owner or manager, the acres of land, the present cash value, the number and value of live stock&nbsp;and crops.  
+
California often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
{| cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" width="100%"
 +
|+ '''California'''
 +
|-
 +
| '''1852''' State<ref name="Lain">Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 21-26.</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1844''' Los Angeles<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 21-26, citing the ''Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 42 (1960).</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| '''1837''' Santa Barbara<ref name="Nort" />
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1836''' Los Angeles<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 21-26, citing the ''Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 18 (1936).</ref>, Monterey<ref name="Cath">Catholic Church, Monterey (California), "Extracts of Monterey municipal censuses, 1804-1836" Microfilm of photocopy of original typescript. (Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 197-.)[FHL Film 944282 Item 12].</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| '''1834''' Santa Barbara<ref>Ancestry.com, "California Census, 1790-1890" at http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3535 (accessed 4 January 2010).</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1816''' Los Angeles<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[{{Lainha}}]], 21-26, citing the ''Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 43 (1961).</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| '''1808 '''Monterey<ref name="Cath" />
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1804''' Monterey<ref name="Cath" />
 +
|-
 +
| '''1798''' San Antonio, and Soledad<ref name="Lain" />
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1797-1798''' San Luis Obispo<ref name="Lain" />
 +
|-
 +
| '''1796''' San Carlos<ref name="Lain" />
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1790''' Los Angeles, Monterey, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Barbara<ref name="Nort">Mrs. Joseph M. Northrop, ''California Collection'' (Typescript, Los Angeles, Calif.: Northrop, 1958)[FHL Book 979.4 D4n; Film 1421704 item 12].</ref><ref>"1790 Padron (census) of California" (Typescript [photocopy], copied from Las Familias de California section in ''Southern California Historical Society Quarterly''.)[FHL Book 979.4 A1 no. 67; Film 1036747 Item 6].</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| '''1788''' Los Angeles, Monterey, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Barbara, and Villa Branciforte<ref name="Lain" />
 +
|}
  
Colonial and State
+
*The California State Library and the Family History Library have copies of a state census of '''1852''' {{FHL|909229}}-909234. This census gives information on the entire household, including an individual's state or country of birth and last residence.
  
Pre-statehood lists (called padrons) of Spanish, Mexican, and Indian residents have been published in The Quarterly (Historical Society of Southern California), Volumes 15, 18, 41-43, 54 (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=979.4+B2s book 979.4 B2s]). Especially helpful are the Los Angeles censuses of 1790, 1836, and 1844. The original records are scattered among various archives. The Family History Library has copies on microfilm.
+
'''A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:'''
  
The California State Library and the Family History Library have copies of a state census of 1852 (Family History Library [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=189335&disp=California+state+census%2C+1852%20%20&columns=*,0,0 films 909229-34]). This census gives information on the entire household, including an individual's state or country of birth and last residence.
+
[[California 1852 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)|California 1852 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)]]  
  
The California State Archives also has some censuses for California cities covering the period 1897 to 1938. These generally contain only the names and addresses of the persons enumerated, although some records give more information. The Family History Library has copies of several of these censuses through 1910, including:
+
*Pre-statehood lists (called padrons) of Spanish, Mexican, and Indian residents have been published in The Quarterly (Historical Society of Southern California), Volumes 15, 18, 41-43, 54 {{FHL|979.4 B2s}}. Especially helpful are the Los Angeles censuses of '''1790, 1836, and 1844'''. The original records are scattered among various archives. The Family History Library has copies on microfilm.
  
Los Angeles and San Jose (1897) <br>San Diego (1899) <br>Oakland (1902) <br>
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
== Web Sites  ==
+
For a list of available and missing California censuses, [[California Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
[http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=allCollections;r=0 FamilySearch Record Search] has free indexes and images for 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1900; but indexes only for 1880, and 1920.
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
Ancestry:($)&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com<br>]
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
=== More about censuses  ===
  
Census Finder:&nbsp; [http://www.censusfinder.com/california.htm http://www.censusfinder.com/california.htm]
+
[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:  
  
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/CA/ http://www.census-online.com/links/CA/]  
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/california.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/california.htm]
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
Distant Cousin:&nbsp; [http://www.distantcousin.com/Links/Census/CA/ http://www.distantcousin.com/Links/Census/CA/] <br>
+
{{reflist}}
 
 
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/ca/census.htm http://dir.genealogytoday.com/ca/census.htm]
 
 
 
National Archives: [http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]
 
 
 
California States archives and Libraries: [http://statearchives.us/california.htm http://statearchives.us/california.htm]
 
 
 
California Historical Society: [http://www.californiahistory.org/ http://www.californiahistory.org/]
 
 
 
US Census internet site: [http://www.census.gov http://www.census.gov]
 
 
 
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
 
  
== Sources  ==
+
{{Place|California}} {{USCensus}} {{California|California}}  
 
 
{{reflist}}  
 
  
[[Category:California|California]]
+
[[Category:California|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]]

Revision as of 21:00, 7 May 2012

United States  go to  U.S. Census  go to  California  go to  Census
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Adopt a page today
Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online California indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of California 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link -
Link
1930 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1890 indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1790-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of California 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link


-
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link


Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
partial 1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link


-
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1834 Colonial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - - - - - -
partial 1796-98 Colonial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link
images - - - - - - - - - -
partial 1790 Colonial indexes - - Link - - Link Link Link
images - - Tran-
script
- - Link Link Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm Images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex 1870    
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of California, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for California

Free Free at Some Libraries(usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1880 Defective Link - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

Family History Library Federal Census Non-Population Schedule Microfilms for California

National Archives Federal Census Non-Population ScheduleMicrofilms for California

  • 1935 Census of Business

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of California, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

California often took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

California
1852 State[8]
1844 Los Angeles[9]
1837 Santa Barbara[10]
1836 Los Angeles[11], Monterey[12]
1834 Santa Barbara[13]
1816 Los Angeles[14]
1808 Monterey[12]
1804 Monterey[12]
1798 San Antonio, and Soledad[8]
1797-1798 San Luis Obispo[8]
1796 San Carlos[8]
1790 Los Angeles, Monterey, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Barbara[10][15]
1788 Los Angeles, Monterey, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Barbara, and Villa Branciforte[8]
  • The California State Library and the Family History Library have copies of a state census of 1852 FHL 909229-909234. This census gives information on the entire household, including an individual's state or country of birth and last residence.

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

California 1852 State Census (FamilySearch Historical Records)

  • Pre-statehood lists (called padrons) of Spanish, Mexican, and Indian residents have been published in The Quarterly (Historical Society of Southern California), Volumes 15, 18, 41-43, 54 FHL 979.4 B2s. Especially helpful are the Los Angeles censuses of 1790, 1836, and 1844. The original records are scattered among various archives. The Family History Library has copies on microfilm.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing California censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 21-26.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 21-26, citing the Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 42 (1960).
  10. 10.0 10.1 Mrs. Joseph M. Northrop, California Collection (Typescript, Los Angeles, Calif.: Northrop, 1958)[FHL Book 979.4 D4n; Film 1421704 item 12].
  11. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 21-26, citing the Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 18 (1936).
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Catholic Church, Monterey (California), "Extracts of Monterey municipal censuses, 1804-1836" Microfilm of photocopy of original typescript. (Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah, 197-.)[FHL Film 944282 Item 12].
  13. Ancestry.com, "California Census, 1790-1890" at http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3535 (accessed 4 January 2010).
  14. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 21-26, citing the Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 43 (1961).
  15. "1790 Padron (census) of California" (Typescript [photocopy], copied from Las Familias de California section in Southern California Historical Society Quarterly.)[FHL Book 979.4 A1 no. 67; Film 1036747 Item 6].