Difference between revisions of "California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)"

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{{FamilySearch_Collection
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{{breadcrumb
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| link1=[[United States Genealogy|United States]]
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| link2=
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| link3=
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| link4=
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| link5=[[California, United States Genealogy|California]]
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}}
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{{US NARA HR Infobox
 
|CID=CID1849628  
 
|CID=CID1849628  
 
|title=California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976
 
|title=California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976
|location=United States}}<br>
+
|location=California
 +
| LOC_01 = California
 +
| LOC_02 =
 +
| LOC_03 =
 +
| record_type = Naturalization Index
 +
| record_group_nr = 21 
 +
| record_group_title = [http://www.archives.gov/research/guide-fed-records/groups/021.html Records of the District Courts of the United States]
 +
| start_year = 1915
 +
| end_year = 1976
 +
| micro_pub_nr =M1525
 +
| micro_pub_title = Naturalization Index Cards of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California, Central Division, Los Angeles, 1915-1976 
 +
| micro_pub_rolls = 114
 +
| micro_pub_nr_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_02 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_03 =
 +
| micro_pub_nr_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_title_04 =
 +
| micro_pub_rolls_04 =
 +
| coll_series =
 +
| arrangement = Alphabetical in two parts. Part A 1915-1930 and Part B 1930-1976. 
 +
| NAID =[https://catalog.archives.gov/id/618115 618115]
 +
| language =
 +
| FS_URL_01 = [[California, United States Genealogy |California]]
 +
| FS_URL_02 = [[United States Naturalization Laws]]
 +
| FS_URL_03 = [[California Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
| FS_URL_04 = [[United States Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 +
| FS_URL_05 = [[California Archives and Libraries]]
 +
| FS_URL_06 = [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/results?count=20&placeId=383&query=%2Bplace%3A%22United%20States%2C%20California%22%20%2Bkeywords%3Acourt%20%2Bkeywords%3Anaturalization%20%2Bkeywords%3Aindex FamilySearch Library Catalog]
 +
| FS_URL_07 =
 +
| FS_URL_08 =
 +
| FS_URL_09 =
 +
| FS_URL_10 =
 +
| RW_URL_01 = [https://catalog.archives.gov/id/618115?q=m1525 Index to Petitions for Naturalization,1887-1991 National Archives] 
 +
| RW_URL_02 = [http://www.archives.gov/riverside/finding-aids/naturalization-records.html  Naturalization Records Pacific Region]
 +
| RW_URL_03 = [http://www.archives.gov/riverside/ National Archives Pacific Region]
 +
| RW_URL_04 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/ National Archives Naturalization Records Introduction and Links to Resources]
 +
| RW_URL_05 = [http://www.archives.gov/research/naturalization/420-major-immigration-laws.pdf Immigration and Naturalization Laws,1790-2005]
 +
| RW_URL_06 = [http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/naturalizations.shtml California indexes to Naturalization]
 +
| RW_URL_07 =
 +
| RW_URL_08 =
 +
| RW_URL_09 =
 +
| RW_URL_10 =
 +
}}
  
== Record Description  ==
+
== What Is in the Collection? ==
  
This collection is a card index to naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of California. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname. The collection includes records from 1915 to 1976.  
+
This collection is a card index to naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of California. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname in two parts. Part A 1915 -1930 and Part B 1930 -1976. The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten.
 +
 
 +
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.
 +
 
 +
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. California’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.&nbsp;
  
For an alphabetical list of records currently published in this collection, select the [https://familysearch.org/search/image/index#uri=https%3A//api.familysearch.org/records/collection/1849628/waypoints Browse] link from the collection landing page.  
+
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.&nbsp;
  
=== Citation for This Collection  ===
+
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
  
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.<br>
+
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.  
  
{{Collection citation | text= "California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976." Index. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Distric Court. National Archives and Records Service, Los Angeles Branch, Laguna Niguel.}}
+
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).  
  
[[California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)#Citation_Example_for_a_Record_Found_in_This_Collection|Suggested citation format for a record in this collection.]]
 
  
== Record Content  ==
+
===To Browse This Collection===   
  
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
+
{{Collection_Browse_Link
Image:California Naturalization Index Cards of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California Central Division (Los Angeles) (10-0400) DGS 4640797 6.jpg|Naturalization Index Card
+
|CID=CID1849628
</gallery>
+
|title=California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976
 +
|}}
  
The index cards include the following:  
+
== What Can These Records Tell Me? ==
 +
'''The index cards''' include the following:  
  
 
*Petition number  
 
*Petition number  
Line 31: Line 89:
 
*Volume and page number of the petition
 
*Volume and page number of the petition
  
Some of the index cards also show:  
+
'''Some of the index cards''' also show:  
  
 
*Declaration number  
 
*Declaration number  
Line 40: Line 98:
 
*Date of issuance
 
*Date of issuance
  
Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:  
+
'''Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions''' usually included the following:  
  
 
*Name of the immigrant  
 
*Name of the immigrant  
Line 49: Line 107:
 
*Signature of judge or court official
 
*Signature of judge or court official
  
In post-1906 records, you may also find:  
+
'''In post-1906 records,''' you may also find:  
  
 
*Birth date  
 
*Birth date  
Line 62: Line 120:
 
*Maiden name of wife
 
*Maiden name of wife
  
== How to Use the Record ==
+
== Collection Content  ==
 +
=== Sample Image ===
 +
 
 +
<gallery widths="160px" heights="120px" perrow="3">
 +
Image:California Naturalization Index Cards of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California Central Division (Los Angeles) (10-0400) DGS 4640797 6.jpg|Naturalization Index Card
 +
</gallery>
  
When searching the index it is helpful to know the following:
+
== How Do I Search the Collection? ==
  
*The full name of your ancestor  
+
To begin your search it is helpful to know at least some of the following:
*The approximate immigration and naturalization dates  
+
*The full name of your ancestor.
*The ancestor’s residence
+
*The approximate age or immigration and naturalization dates.
  
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
 
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.  
  
==== Search the Collection  ====
+
=== Search the Index ===
 +
{{Search Collection Link
 +
| CID=CID1849628
 +
}}
 +
=== View the Images ===
 +
View images in this collection by visiting the
 +
'''{{RecordSearch|CID|Browse Page|access=browse}}''':
 +
# Select '''Description'''
  
To search the collection image by image select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page <br>⇒Select the “Description” category which takes you to the images.  
+
=== How Do I Analyze the Results? ===
 +
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.
  
To search the collection by name fill in the requested information in the boxes on the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches.  
+
For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article [[FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks]].
  
Compare the information about the individuals in the list or the images to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at the information on several individuals comparing the information about them to your ancestors to make this determination. Keep in mind:
+
{{Tip|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at [https://familysearch.org/search/catalog/1849628 California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976]. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.}}
  
*There may be more than one person in the records with the same name.
+
== What Do I Do Next? ==
*You may not be sure of your own ancestor’s name.
 
*Your ancestor may have used different names, or variations of their name, throughout their life.
 
 
 
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at [http://broadcast.lds.org/familysearch/2011-12-03-familysearch-search-tips-1000k-eng.mp4 FamilySearch Search Tips].
 
 
 
==== Using the Information  ====
 
 
 
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example, you can use naturalization records to:
 
 
 
*Learn an immigrant’s place of origin
 
*Confirm their date of arrival
 
*Learn foreign and “Americanized” names
 
*Find records in his or her country of origin such as emigrations, port records, or ship’s manifests
 
*Some of these records show the orginal name of the individual and the name they are using in America, this can be helpful in locating them in their home country
 
 
 
==== Tips to Keep in Mind  ====
 
 
 
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived, then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts and then in state, county, or city courts.
 
*An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
 
*If your ancestor had a common name, be sure to look at all the entries for a name before you decide which is correct.
 
*Continue to search the naturalization records to identify siblings, parents, and other relatives in the same or other generations who may have naturalized in the same area or nearby.
 
*The witnesses named on naturalization records may have been older relatives of the person in the naturalization process. Search for their naturalization's.
 
*You may want to obtain the naturalization records of every person who shares your ancestor’s surname if they lived in the same county or nearby. You may not know how or if they are related, but the information could lead you to more information about your own ancestors.
 
*These cards may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
 
 
 
==== Unable to Find Your Ancestor? ====
 
 
 
*Check for variant spellings. Realize that the indexes may contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings and misinterpretations.
 
*Try a different index if there is one for the years needed. You may also need to search the naturalization records year by year.
 
*Search the indexes of nearby counties.
 
 
 
==== General Information About These Records  ====
 
 
 
The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten.
 
 
 
While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.
 
 
 
Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. California’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.&nbsp;
 
 
 
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.&nbsp;
 
 
 
The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.
 
 
 
Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.
 
 
 
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
 
  
Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters.  
+
Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Look at the actual image of the record, if you can, to verify the information and to find additional information.  
  
== Related Websites  ==
+
===I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?===
  
*[http://www.naturalizationrecords.com/usa/naturalizations.shtml California indexes to Naturalization]
+
*Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later.
*[http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/naturalization/ National Archives and Records Administration Pacific Region]
+
*Use the information found in the record to find other records such as emigrations, port records, and ship’s manifests.
 +
*Use the record to learn your ancestor’s foreign and “Americanized” names, if they were different.
 +
*Use the record to learn the place of origin and find their church and vital records such as birth, baptism, and marriage records.
 +
*Use the information found in the record to find land and probate records.
 +
*Use the record to see if other family members who may have immigrated with the person you are looking for are listed and have additional information or leads; you may also find additional information on new family members in censuses.  
 +
*Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
 +
*[[California Church Records| Church Records]] were kept years before counties began keeping records. They are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.
  
== Related Wiki Articles  ==
+
 
 +
 
 +
=== I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now? ===
 +
*If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives.
 +
*If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county. 
 +
*Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name.
 +
*Remember that sometimes individuals went by [http://usgenweb.org/research/nicknames.html nicknames] or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for [http://genealogy.about.com/od/first_names/fl/nickname-given-name-equivalents.htm these names] as well. 
 +
*Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived. Then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts, then in state, county, or city courts. An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
 +
*Check other possible ports of entry
 +
*Check the info box above for additional FamilySearch websites and related websites that may assist you in finding similar records.
  
*[[California]]
+
==Citing This Collection==
*[[California Naturalization and Citizenship]]
 
  
== Contributions to This Article ==
+
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
  
{{Contributor invite}}  
+
;Collection Citation:
 +
{{Collection_citation | text="California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976." Database with images. <i>FamilySearch</i>. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing Distric Court. National Archives and Records Service, Los Angeles Branch, Laguna Niguel.
 +
}}
  
== Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections  ==
 
  
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
+
{{Record_Citation}}
  
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article [[Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]].
+
{{Image_Citation}}
  
=== Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection  ===
+
'''[[#top|Top of Page]]'''
  
"California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976," images. ''FamilySearch ''([https://www.familysearch.org/ https://familysearch.org]: accessed AprilL 15, 2011), &nbsp; 1930-1976, Avila, Antonio V., Baolwin, Supreda &gt; Image 36 of 3981 &gt; Elena Candida Avila, &nbsp;March 10, 1919; citing Naturalization Records;. United States National Archives and Records Center, Los Angeles Branch NARA M1525.
+
== How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki? ==
  
[[Category:California]]
+
{{Contributor invite}}
 +
[[Category:NARA_Naturalization_and_Citizenship_Records]]

Latest revision as of 13:20, 18 September 2017

United States
California
Access the Records
California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976 .
CID1849628
{{{CID2}}}
{{{CID3}}}
{{{CID4}}}
{{{CID5}}}
{{{CID6}}}
{{{CID7}}}
{{{CID8}}}
{{{CID9}}}
This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
California, United States
United States flag.png
Flag of the United States of America
NARA seal300.jpg
Seal of the National Archives
Record Description
Record Type Naturalization Index
Record Group RG 21: Records of the District Courts of the United States
Collection years 1915-1976
Microfilm Publication M1525. Naturalization Index Cards of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California, Central Division, Los Angeles, 1915-1976. 114 rolls.
Arrangement Alphabetical in two parts. Part A 1915-1930 and Part B 1930-1976.
National Archives Identifier 618115
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
National Archives and Records Administration


What Is in the Collection?

This collection is a card index to naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of California. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname in two parts. Part A 1915 -1930 and Part B 1930 -1976. The actual naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten.

While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information.

Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. California’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records. 

The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances. 

The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship.

Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.

No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).


To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

The index cards include the following:

  • Petition number
  • Date of petition
  • Name and residence of petitioner
  • Volume and page number of the petition

Some of the index cards also show:

  • Declaration number
  • Date of declaration
  • Alien registration number
  • Volume and page number of the declaration
  • Certificate number
  • Date of issuance

Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petitions usually included the following:

  • Name of the immigrant
  • Country of birth
  • Arrival date
  • Date of Declaration of Intent or Naturalization
  • Names of witnesses
  • Signature of judge or court official

In post-1906 records, you may also find:

  • Birth date
  • Birthplace
  • Age
  • Race
  • Last foreign residence
  • Current residence
  • Arrival date and place
  • Marital status
  • Name of spouse
  • Maiden name of wife

Collection Content

Sample Image

How Do I Search the Collection?

To begin your search it is helpful to know at least some of the following:

  • The full name of your ancestor.
  • The approximate age or immigration and naturalization dates.

If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:

  1. Select Description

How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images.

For more tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

What Do I Do Next?

Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Look at the actual image of the record, if you can, to verify the information and to find additional information.

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?

  • Copy the citation below, in case you need to find this record again later.
  • Use the information found in the record to find other records such as emigrations, port records, and ship’s manifests.
  • Use the record to learn your ancestor’s foreign and “Americanized” names, if they were different.
  • Use the record to learn the place of origin and find their church and vital records such as birth, baptism, and marriage records.
  • Use the information found in the record to find land and probate records.
  • Use the record to see if other family members who may have immigrated with the person you are looking for are listed and have additional information or leads; you may also find additional information on new family members in censuses.
  • Repeat this process with additional family members found, to find more generations of the family.
  • Church Records were kept years before counties began keeping records. They are a good source for finding ancestors before 1900.


I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking For, What Now?

  • If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives.
  • If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county.
  • Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name.
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names. Try searching for these names as well.
  • Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived. Then look for the Naturalization Petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts, then in state, county, or city courts. An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process.
  • Check other possible ports of entry
  • Check the info box above for additional FamilySearch websites and related websites that may assist you in finding similar records.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"California, Southern District Court (Central) Naturalization Index, 1915-1976." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing Distric Court. National Archives and Records Service, Los Angeles Branch, Laguna Niguel.


Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

Top of Page

How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.