Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy

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Caldwell County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1841
County Seat Lenoir
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United States  Gotoarrow.png  North Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  Caldwell County

County Courthouse


Caldwell County was formed in 1841 from Burke and Wilkes counties. It was named in honor of Joseph Caldwell, the first president of the University of North Carolina. He strongly advocated a public school system and a railroad across the center of the State from Morehead City to Tennessee.

Caldwell County is in the west central section of the State and is bordered by Alexander, Catawba, Burke, Avery, Watauga and Wilkes counties. The present land area is 471.60 square miles and the 2000 population was 77,386.

The court was ordered to be held at the store of George Powell near the house of George Smith, Jr., until a courthouse was erected. Commissioners were named to select a site as near the center as possible, acquire land and a town, and erect a courthouse. Lenoir, named in honor of William Lenoir, is the county seat.

Parent County

1841--Caldwell County was created 11 January 1841 from Burke and Wilkes Counties. County seat: Lenoir [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss


Populated Places

Towns in Caldwell County are: Lenoir, Granite Falls, Hudson, Gamewell, Sawmills, Blowing Rock, Cajah's Mountain, Cedar Rock, Collettsville, Northlakes, Rhodhiss.

Neighboring Counties





Caldwell County Courthouse
216 Main St NW
Lenoir, NC 28645
(828) 759-8403

Mailing Address:
PO Box 1376
Lenoir, NC 28645


The Register of Deeds office is the primary custodian of permanent records for the county. We record a variety of real property documents including deeds, deeds of trust, mortgage cancellations, powers of attorney, maps and others. The Vital Records Division maintains Caldwell County birth records, death records, marriage licenses issued in Caldwell County, Military Discharges, and Notary records. Our online records search can be accessed from this site and contains all of our real estate indexes since the formation of the county and images of all of our real estate documents from the early 1900's forward. Indexes of all of our vital records can also be found there.

Caldwell County Register of Deeds

Caldwell County Registry of Deeds Records Search

Local Histories





The Caldwell County Clerk of the Court has probate records starting with 1830, if they have not been transferred to the North Carolina State Archives.

The Clerk of Superior Court is elected for four years and must be a resident of the county in which he or she is elected. Unlike clerks of court in other states, the Clerk of Superior Court in North Carolina has numerous judicial functions.

As judge of probate, the Clerk has exclusive original jurisdiction over matters relating to the probate of wills, and the administration of estates, including appointing personal representatives, auditing their accounting, and removing them from office if necessary. The Clerk also presides over many other legal matters including adoptions, incompetency proceedings, condemnation of private lands for public use, and foreclosures. The Clerk is responsible for all clerical and record-keeping functions of the district and superior court. In addition, the Clerk receives and disburses money collected each year from court fees and fines.

Clerk of Superior Court
(828) 759-8402
Ext. 8376

Caldwell County Courthouse

216 Main St NW
Lenoir, NC 28645
Mailing Address:
PO Box 1376
Lenoir, NC 28645


Vital Records

  • Caldwell County marriage licenses, 1878-1882 - index available from NC State Library  - Word format | PDF format


  • Davenport College: a few yearbooks between 1905-1932

Societies and Libraries 

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).