Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Gotoarrow.png Caldwell County

Guide to Caldwell County North Carolina genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Caldwell County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1841
County Seat Lenoir
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County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records

Caldwell County Courthouse
905 West Ave NW
Lenoir NC 28645
Phone: 828-757-1310

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death and land
Clerk Superior Court has divorce, Court and Probate Records[1]


Caldwell County was formed in 1841 from Burke and Wilkes counties. It was named in honor of Joseph Caldwell, the first president of the University of North Carolina. He strongly advocated a public school system and a railroad across the center of the State from Morehead City to Tennessee.

Caldwell County is in the west central section of the State and is bordered by Alexander, Catawba, Burke, Avery, Watauga and Wilkes counties. The present land area is 471.60 square miles and the 2000 population was 77,386.

The court was ordered to be held at the store of George Powell near the house of George Smith, Jr., until a courthouse was erected. Commissioners were named to select a site as near the center as possible, acquire land and a town, and erect a courthouse. Lenoir, named in honor of William Lenoir, is the county seat.

Parent County

1841--Caldwell County was created 11 January 1841 from Burke and Wilkes Counties. County seat: Lenoir [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in North Carolina counties see: North Carolina Counties with Burned Courthouses


Populated Places

Towns in Caldwell County are: Lenoir, Granite Falls, Hudson, Gamewell, Sawmills, Blowing Rock, Cajah's Mountain, Cedar Rock, Collettsville, Northlakes, Rhodhiss.

Neighboring Counties





For tips on accessing Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.



Caldwell County Courthouse
216 Main St NW
Lenoir, NC 28645
(828) 759-8403

Mailing Address:
PO Box 1376
Lenoir, NC 28645




The Register of Deeds office is the primary custodian of permanent records for the county. We record a variety of real property documents including deeds, deeds of trust, mortgage cancellations, powers of attorney, maps and others. The Vital Records Division maintains Caldwell County birth records, death records, marriage licenses issued in Caldwell County, Military Discharges, and Notary records. Our online records search can be accessed from this site and contains all of our real estate indexes since the formation of the county and images of all of our real estate documents from the early 1900's forward. Indexes of all of our vital records can also be found there.

Caldwell County Register of Deeds

Caldwell County Registry of Deeds Records Search

Local Histories



Early migration routes to and from Caldwell County for European settlers included:[3]


Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company B
:- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company C
:- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company F
:- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company I
:- 8th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company C



The Caldwell County Clerk of the Court has probate records starting with 1830, if they have not been transferred to the North Carolina State Archives.

The Clerk of Superior Court is elected for four years and must be a resident of the county in which he or she is elected. Unlike clerks of court in other states, the Clerk of Superior Court in North Carolina has numerous judicial functions.

As judge of probate, the Clerk has exclusive original jurisdiction over matters relating to the probate of wills, and the administration of estates, including appointing personal representatives, auditing their accounting, and removing them from office if necessary. The Clerk also presides over many other legal matters including adoptions, incompetency proceedings, condemnation of private lands for public use, and foreclosures. The Clerk is responsible for all clerical and record-keeping functions of the district and superior court. In addition, the Clerk receives and disburses money collected each year from court fees and fines.

Clerk of Superior Court
(828) 759-8402
Ext. 8376

Caldwell County Courthouse

216 Main St NW
Lenoir, NC 28645
Mailing Address:
PO Box 1376
Lenoir, NC 28645


Vital Records

The Caldwell County Register of Deeds offers online access to indexes of their Vital Records.

Do a Records Search:  Caldwell County Records Search


Societies and Libraries 

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caldwell County, North Carolina. Page 507 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  4. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at