Butler County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Butler County Ohio genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Ohio
Online Records

Butler County, Ohio
Boundary map of Butler County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Butler County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Butler County Courthouse
101 High St.
Hamilton, Ohio 45011-2732
Butler County Website
Phone: 513.887.3278
United StatesGotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.pngButler County

Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records

*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Butler County boundary changes.

Record Loss

1912 -- Although the Butler County Courthouse was reported to have been destroyed by fire on March 14, 1912, it was really only the original, four-tiered, domed tower which was capped with a statue of Justice which was destroyed. The courthouse still stands and is being used today by the Probate Court. County records were saved by spectators and courthouse employees who carried them out of the building.[3]


Bible Records


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories


Family History Library




Names in Stone


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Ohio Gravestones

Names in Stone

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.


LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Hamilton
Finding More Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups




Local histories are available for Butler County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Butler County, Ohio

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed. =====Finding More Land Records===== Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:



Naturalization and Citizenship


Butler County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.

The following is a list of newspapers published in Butler County through 1900.

Butler County Democrat. (Middletown, Ohio) 185?-185?
Butler County Democrat. (Hamilton, Ohio) 187?-1923
Butler County Democrat. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1870-1870
Butler County Democrat. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1874-19??
Butler County Democrat. And True Telegraph. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1870-1874
The Butler County Press. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1900-1946
The Butler County Signal. (Middletown, Ohio) 19??-19??
The College Corner Chronicle. (West College Corner, Ind.) 1891-190?
The Corner Stone. (College Corner [i.e. West College Corner], Ind.) 1872-187?
The Daily Journal. (Middletown, Ohio) 18??-18??
The Daily Press. (Rossville, Butler County, O. [Ohio]) 1851-1851
The Daily Republican-news. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1898-1919
The Daily Signal. (Middletown, Ohio) 1891-1907
Daily Telegraph. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1860-18??
Democracy Untrammeled, and Butler County Investigator. (Rossville, Ohio) 1849-1849
The Free Soil banner. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1848-1848
Hamilton Advertiser. (Hamilton, Butler County, Ohio) 1825-1826
Hamilton Daily Democrat. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1886-1897
Hamilton Daily Herald. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1885-1887
Hamilton Daily News. (Hamilton, [Ohio]) 1879-1898
The Hamilton Daily Republican. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1892-1898
Hamilton Evening Democrat. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1897-1907
The Hamilton Gazette & Miami Register. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1819-1821
The Hamilton Gooroo. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1876-19??
Hamilton Intelligencer. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1828-1837
Hamilton Intelligencer. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1840-1862
Hamilton Intelligencer & Advertiser. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1821-1825
The Hamilton Ohio Advertiser. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1826-1827
Hamilton Ohio Intelligencer. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1838-1840
Hamilton Register. (Hamilton, Ohio) 18??-????
Hamilton Socialist. (Hamilton, Ohio) 19??-19??
Hamilton Telegraph. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1847-1851
Hamilton Telegraph. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1853-1857
Hamilton Telegraph. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1861-19??
Hamilton True Telegraph. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1861-1870
Hamilton Weekly Telegraph. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1851-1853
Harrison Democrat. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1840-1840
The Hickory Club. (Rossville, Ohio) 1838-1838
The Hickory Club. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1840-1840
The Investigator. (Oxford, Ohio) 1886-18??
The Miami Democrat. (Rossville, Ohio) 1850-1851
Miami Echo, and the Hamilton and Rossville Advertiser. (Hamilton, Ohio ;) 1842-1842
The Miami Herald. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1817-1819
Miami Intelligencer. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1814-1816
The Miami Journal. (Miami University, Oxford, Ohio) 1886-18??
Miami Student. (Oxford, Ohio) 1867-current
The Middletown Daily Signal. (Middletown, Ohio) 18??-1891
Middletown Farmer. (Middletown, Ohio) 1840-1841
Middletown Herald. (Middletown, Butler County, Ohio) 1853-1855
The Middletown Journal. (Middletown, Ohio) 1891-current
Middletown Emblem. (Middletown, Butler County, Ohio) 1851-1853
The Middletown Journal. (Middletown, Ohio) 1857-1912
The Middletown Mail. (Middletown, [Ohio]) 1839-1840
The Middletown Signal. (Middletown, Ohio) 18??-19??
Murray's Weekly Volunteer. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1822-1825
The Ohio Independent Press. (Rossville, Butler County, Ohio) 1830-18??
The Oxford Advertiser. ([Oxford, Ohio]) 19??-19??
Oxford Chronicle. (Oxford, [Ohio]) 1834-18??
The Oxford Citizen. (Oxford, Ohio) 1854-1892
The Oxford Enterprise. (Oxford, Ohio) 1881-18??
The Oxford Leader. (Oxford, Ohio) 1882-18??
Oxford Lyceum and Journal of Literature and Science. (Oxford, Ohio) 1833-1834
The Oxford News. (Oxford, Ohio) 1886-1892
The Oxford News. (Oxford, Ohio) 1893-1909
Oxford News-Citizen. (Oxford, Ohio) 1892-1893
The Philanthropist. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1816-1817
The Reily Courier. (Reily, Ohio) 18??-19??
The Rossville Advertiser. (Rossville, Ohio) 1849-1849
The Scott battery. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1852-1852
The True Gazette. (Hamilton, O.) 187?-1???
The Volunteer. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1821-1822
Weekly Hamilton Telegraph. (Hamilton, [Ohio]) 1858-1861
The Western Telegraph. (Rossville [Hamilton], Ohio) 1836-1847

Western Round-Up (Western College, Oxford, Ohio) 1930-1971
Western Telegraph and Butler County Ohio Advertiser. (Rossville, [Ohio]) 1833-1836
Western Telegraph, and Hamilton Ohio Advertiser. (Hamilton, Ohio) 1827-1831 <br>

===== Finding More Ohio Newspapers =====

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Butler County Ohio newspapers in online catalogs like:




Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

  • 1790–1967 - Ohio, Probate Records, 1790-1967 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free. This collection consists of probate records and estate files from county courthouses in Ohio. The content and time period varies by county, with more records being added as they become available. This Collection will include records from 1789 to 1996. Currently, (September 2012) the collection is only searchable by browsing the images. A list of Fires that have destroyed records in the courthouses of several counties are listed on the Record Description page.
Finding More Probate Records

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records



Butler County Courthouse
315 High Street
Hamilton, OH 45011-2756
Phone: 513.887.3278 

County Health Department has birth and death records.
Probate Judge has marriage and probate records.
Court Clerk has divorce and court records.
County Auditor has land records.[1]

Family History Centers

FamilySearch Centers are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FamilySearch Center for Butler County, Ohio Genealogy is the  Fariefield/Hamilton Ohio Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.



Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Ohio Taxation.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.


Online Birth Indexes and Records

  • 1821–1962 - Ohio, Births and Christenings, 1821-1962 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free. This is an incomplete index of extractions of original records and of patron-submitted records. This index is not complete for any particular place or region. Information may have been previously published in the International Genealogical Index or Vital Records Index collections.

Original Birth Records on Microfilm


Online Marriage Indexes and Records

  • 1800–1958 - Ohio, Marriages, 1800-1958 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free; Index. Name index to marriage records from the state of Ohio. Microfilm copies of these records are available at the Family History Library and FamilySearch Centers. Due to privacy laws, recent records may not be displayed. The year range represents most of the records. A few records may be earlier or later.

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm


Online Death Indexes and Records

  • 1854–1997 - Ohio, Deaths and Burials, 1854-1997 at FamilySearch Historical Records – free; Index. Name index to death and burial records from the state of Ohio. Microfilm copies of these records are available at the Family History Library and Family History Centers. This set contains 2,535,556 records. Due to privacy laws, recent records may not be displayed. The year range represents most of the records. A few records may be earlier or later.

Original Death Records on Microfilm


Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Butler County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Web Sites


Fairfield | Hamilton | Hanover Township | Lemon Township | Liberty | Middletown | Milford Township | Morgan Township | Oxford | Reily Township | Ross Township | St Clair Township | Wayne Township | West Chester Township


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 540, Butler County, Ohio. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Butler County, Ohio" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler_County,_Ohio (accessed 10 May 2012).
  3. Hamilton, OH Butler County Courthouse Fire, Mar 1912 at GenDisasters: Events that Touched Our Ancestors' Lives (accessed 20 September 2012).
  4. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.