Butler County, Alabama Genealogy

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United States Gotoarrow.png  Alabama Gotoarrow.png  Butler County

Dates for major county records
For earlier dates, try...Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries | Parent Counties
Butler County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Butler County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 13, 1819
County Seat Greenville

County Courthouse

Butler County Courthouse
Butler County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg

700 Court Square,
Greenville, AL 36037
Phone:(334) 382-7166 

Courthouse burned April 1853
Probate Judge has birth and death records 1894-1919
Marriage, probate and land records [1]


Parent County

1819--Butler County was created 13 December 1819 from Conecuh and Montgomery Counties.
County seat: Greenville [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss 

1853 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties


African American

The following have information concerning African American research.  Both should be used:


Biographies of many notable residents of Butler County, Alabama Genealogy were published in Memorial Record of Alabama (1893). Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Begins on page 551.

  • Little, John Buckner. The History of Butler County, Alabama: From 1815 to 1885: With Sketches of Some of Her Most Distinguished Citizens and Glances at Her Rich and Varied Resources. Cincinnati: Elm St. Print. Co., 1885. Digital version at Ancestry ($).


Additional Butler County cemeteries are included in Alabama Cemetery Records Vol. 1 at FamilySearch Books Online - free.


For tips on accessing Butler County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Historical populations
Year Pop.  %±
1820 1,405
1830 5,650 302.1%
1840 8,685 53.7%
1850 10,836 24.8%
1860 18,122 67.2%
1870 14,981 −17.3%
1880 19,649 31.2%
1890 21,641 10.1%
1900 25,761 19.0%
1910 29,030 12.7%
1920 29,531 1.7%
1930 30,195 2.2%
1940 32,447 7.5%
1950 29,228 −9.9%
1960 24,560 −16.0%
1970 22,007 −10.4%
1980 21,680 −1.5%
1990 21,892 1.0%
2000 21,399 −2.3%
2010 20,947 −2.1%
Sources: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.  through 1960

Church Records

Court Records

Land and Property

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Butler County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Butler County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2006. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at HistoryGeo.com ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.137 E7bg.

Local Histories

  • Little, John Buckner. The History of Butler County, Alabama 1815 to 1885. Cincinnati, Ohio: Elm St. Printing, 1885. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Little, John Buckner. The History of Butler County, Alabama: From 1815 to 1885: With Sketches of Some of Her Most Distinguished Citizens and Glances at Her Rich and Varied Resources. Cincinnati: Elm St. Print. Co., 1885. Digital version at Ancestry ($).




Probate Records


  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Butler County is in District 1.

Vital Records

  • To 1825 Index to Marriages at Ancestry– ($); Index. contains over 12,000 names. Each entry includes groom, bride, marriage date, county, and state. Every name is indexed so you can search for one name, or two names that are linked.
  • 1853–1870, 1913, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800-1969 at Ancestry– ($); Index. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
  • 1853–1870 "Alabama Marriages, 1809-1920"at Ancestry– ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage records from the state. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. The county where the ceremony was performed is also provided. Containing about 150,000 records and the names of nearly 300,000 men and women.
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry– ($); Index. Volunteers extracted the details in this index from microfilmed copies of church, civil, family, and other records of Alabama deaths and burials. details vary depending on the original record. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.
Vital Record Substitutes

A free collection of obituaries and death notices from various funeral homes in the Butler County area has been put together by GenealogyBuffs:

Voting Registers

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History.  Butler County has one book.

Societies and Libraries

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 35.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).