Difference between revisions of "Buckinghamshire Probate Records"

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[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Buckinghamshire]]  
 
[[England]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[Buckinghamshire]]  
  
== Description ==
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== Getting Started ==
 +
 
 +
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]] and [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]]. This article is about probate records in Buckinghamshire. For a general description of England probate records, click [[England Probate Records|here]].
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 +
=== 1858 to the Present  ===
  
''Probate'' is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. The term ''probate'' refers to a collection of documents, including [[W genealogical glossary terms|wills]], [[A genealogical glossary terms|administrations]] (also called admons), [[I genealogical glossary terms|inventories]], and [[A genealogical glossary terms|act books]]. The Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process until 1858. This article explains how to get started to search for a probate record.  
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Beginning in 1858, the [[Principal Probate Registry|Principal Probate Registry]] had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.  
  
Beginning in 1858, authority over probate matters was taken from the ecclesiastical courts and put under the civil authority of the Principal Probate Registry. For more information, see the '''Probates After 1857''' section below.
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=== Before 1858 ===
  
<br>
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Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Buckinghamshire, follow these steps:
  
== Getting Started ==
+
==== Step 1. Search Indexes ====
  
To look for a probate record before 1858:<br>
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Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Buckinghamshire. Search these indexes first:  
  
#Discover when and where your ancestor died. If you do not know, use an approximate date and the place where they lived.  
+
Between 1483-1858, the [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham]] proved over 35,000 wills of ordinary people of Buckinghamshire. The [http://www.buckscc.gov.uk/sites/bcc/archives/Centre_for_Buckinghamshire_Studies.page Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies] has an index to the records in its collection. The index includes wills and some administrations of people who may have died without leaving a will (administrations not complete).<br>
#Go to the '''Court Jurisdictions by Parish'''&nbsp;section below and follow the instructions there.<br>&nbsp;
 
  
== Court Jurisdictions by Parish<br> ==
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Did you find a reference to a probate record?
  
Before 1858, every town and parish in Buckinghamshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Most of Buckinghamshire was under the primary jurisdiction of the [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham|Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham]], hence the majority of genealogical searches will be in the records of that court and its superior (or secondary) courts. Click on the court name link above to learn about the records.  
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*If ''yes'', go to '''Step 4''' below.  
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*If ''no'', go to '''Step 2''' below.
  
For a list of Buckinghamshire parishes that were ''exceptions'' to the above, and the courts that had jurisdiction over them, click [[Buckinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions|'''here''']]. The list of courts is also listed below in the '''Buckinghamshire Probate Courts.'''
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==== Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died  ====
  
Always search indexes first. To see a list of indexes, click on a court name or go to the '''Probate Indexes''' section below.  
+
Determine ''when'' your ancestor died.&nbsp;If you aren't sure, use an approximate date.&nbsp;
  
<br>
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Determine ''where'' your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a [[P genealogical glossary terms|parish]]. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 ''Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales'' online:
  
== Buckinghamshire Probate Courts  ==
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*[http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/index.jsp Vision of Britain]
  
Most of Buckinghamshire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of the [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham]]. However, the following courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.
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The gazetteer will either tell you:
  
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham]]
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*A place is a parish, or
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of St. Albans]]
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*What parish it is a part of, or
*[[Court of the Bishop of Lincoln (Episcopal Consistory)]]
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*What place it is near.
*[[Court of the Bishop of London]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
*[[Courts of the Bishop and Archdeaconry of Oxford]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln|Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Aylesbury]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Banbury]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Bierton]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Buckingham]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Monks Risborough]]
 
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Provost of Eton]]
 
  
In addition, as the highest court in the country, the [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] had jurisdiction over the whole of England. To learn more, click on the court name link.
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If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.  
  
=== Appeals Courts  ===
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Once you have identified the parish, go to '''Step 3'''.
  
Any probate that was disputed and could not be settled by the county courts could go to these high appeals courts:
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==== Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish  ====
  
*[[Court of Arches]]
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Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts.
*[[High Court of Delegates]]
 
  
The [[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] could also serve as an appeals court.  
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<br>Before 1858, every town and parish in Buckinghamshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Most of Buckinghamshire was under the primary jurisdiction of the [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham|Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham]], hence the majority of genealogical searches will be in the records of that court and its superior (or secondary) courts. Click on the court name link in the previous sentence to learn about the records.  
  
If you do not find a probate record in the primary or secondary courts, try the Appeals Courts.
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For a list of Buckinghamshire parishes that were ''exceptions'' to the above, and the courts that had jurisdiction over them, click [[Buckinghamshire Probate Jurisdictions|'''here''']]. The list of courts is also listed below in the '''Buckinghamshire Probate Courts.'''
  
== Probate Indexes ==
+
Always search indexes first. To see a list of indexes, click on a court name or go to the '''Search Indexes '''section above'''.'''
  
Between 1483-1858, the [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham]] proved over 35,000 wills of ordinary people of Buckinghamshire. The [http://www.buckscc.gov.uk/sites/bcc/archives/Centre_for_Buckinghamshire_Studies.page Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies] has an index to the records in its collection. The index includes wills and some administrations of people who may have died without leaving a will (administrations not complete).<br>
+
==== Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record  ====
  
 +
Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:
  
 +
*Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.
  
== Estate Duty Records<br> ==
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*Visit the[https://www.familysearch.org/#form=catalog Family History Library ]or a[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers|family history center]] and obtain a copy of the record on microfilm. For more information, click on a court name below. &lt;br
  
Starting in 1796, a tax or death duty was payable on estates over a certain value. Estate duty abstracts may add considerable information not found elsewhere. Between 1813-1858 estate duty indexes may help locate a will. For more information, go to [[Estate Duty Records]].<br>
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<br>
  
 +
== Buckinghamshire Probate Courts  ==
  
 +
Most of Buckinghamshire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of the [[Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham]]. However, the following courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.&nbsp;
  
== Probates After 1857  ==
+
*[[Court of the Archdeaconry of St. Albans]]
 +
*[[Court of the Bishop of Lincoln (Episcopal Consistory)]]
 +
*[[Court of the Bishop of London]] (Episcopal Consistory)
 +
*[[Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and Archdeaconry of Oxford|Courts of the Bishop and Archdeaconry of Oxford (Episcopal Consistory)]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln|Court of the Peculiar of the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Aylesbury]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Banbury]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Bierton]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Buckingham]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of Monks Risborough]]
 +
*[[Court of the Peculiar of the Provost of Eton]]
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*[[Prerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury]] .
  
Beginning in 1858, the government took over the&nbsp;settlement of estates and all&nbsp;wills are now probated through the Principal Probate Registry system. For more information, go to [[Principal Probate Registry]].<br>
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{{Place|Buckinghamshire|Probate}}
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{{England Probate Records}}
  
 
[[Category:Buckinghamshire|Probate]]
 
[[Category:Buckinghamshire|Probate]]

Revision as of 17:06, 27 November 2012

England Gotoarrow.png Buckinghamshire

Getting Started

Probate is the legal court process by which the estate of a deceased person is distributed to his or her heirs. Probate records include wills and administrations. This article is about probate records in Buckinghamshire. For a general description of England probate records, click here.

1858 to the Present

Beginning in 1858, the Principal Probate Registry had the authority for probating estates. Click on the link to learn more.

Before 1858

Before 1858, Church of England ecclesiastical courts had authority for this process. To search for a pre-1858 probate record in Buckinghamshire, follow these steps:

Step 1. Search Indexes

Here are some online indexes to probate records that include individuals who lived in Buckinghamshire. Search these indexes first:

Between 1483-1858, the Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham proved over 35,000 wills of ordinary people of Buckinghamshire. The Centre for Buckinghamshire Studies has an index to the records in its collection. The index includes wills and some administrations of people who may have died without leaving a will (administrations not complete).

Did you find a reference to a probate record?

  • If yes, go to Step 4 below.
  • If no, go to Step 2 below.

Step 2. Identify when and where your ancestor died

Determine when your ancestor died. If you aren't sure, use an approximate date. 

Determine where your ancestor died. It is easier to find a probate record if you know whether the place where your ancestor lived or died is a parish. To learn whether it is a parish, look it up in a gazetteer. Here is a link to the 1872 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales online:

The gazetteer will either tell you:

  • A place is a parish, or
  • What parish it is a part of, or
  • What place it is near.

If the latter, look that place up in the gazetteer and see if it is a parish.

Once you have identified the parish, go to Step 3.

Step 3. Identify court jurisdictions by parish

Once you have identified the parish where your ancestor lived or died, learn which courts had jurisdiction over it then search indexes for those courts.


Before 1858, every town and parish in Buckinghamshire was under the probate jurisdiction of a primary court and several secondary courts. Most of Buckinghamshire was under the primary jurisdiction of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham, hence the majority of genealogical searches will be in the records of that court and its superior (or secondary) courts. Click on the court name link in the previous sentence to learn about the records.

For a list of Buckinghamshire parishes that were exceptions to the above, and the courts that had jurisdiction over them, click here. The list of courts is also listed below in the Buckinghamshire Probate Courts.

Always search indexes first. To see a list of indexes, click on a court name or go to the Search Indexes section above.

Step 4. Obtain a copy of the probate record

Once you have found an index reference to a probate, obtain a copy of the record. Do so by one of these methods:

  • Visit or contact the record office that has the original records in its collection.


Buckinghamshire Probate Courts

Most of Buckinghamshire was under the pre-1858 probate jurisdiction of the Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham. However, the following courts also had some pre-1858 jurisdiction within the county. Click on a court name to learn about records and indexes.