Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy

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Buckingham County

Guide to Buckingham County Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.


Buckingham County, Virginia
Boundary map of Buckingham County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Buckingham County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1758
County Seat Buckingham

Buckingham County Virginia Courthouse

Buckingham County Courthouse
13061 W. James Anderson Hwy.
P.O. Box 107
Buckingham, Virginia 23921-0107
Phone 804-969-4734

Clerk Circuit Court has birth and death records from 1896
marriage, divorce and probate records from 1869[1]

Beginning Dates for Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1854 1853 1810 1869 1869

Buckingham County Virginia History

The origin of the county's name is disputed. Some argue it was named after the Duke of Buckingham, others point to the English city or county of Buckingham, while others point out that Archibald Cary's estate was named Buckingham.[2]

Parent County

1758--Buckingham County was created 14 September 1758 from Albemarle County. 
County seat: Buckingham [1]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss


County court records were destroyed by fire in 1869. Only one plat book survived the fire and some lost wills and deeds were rerecorded later.[3] [4]

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

Elizabeth Shown Mills' study of the Anderson family of Buckingham County (available online) demonstrates how she succeeded in reconstructing a burned-county pedigree in this area:

  • “Anderson of Buckingham: A Case Study in Family Reconstruction within a ‘Burned County,’ Part 2: Parental Family of William Anderson (1788–1852),” The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 30 (July–September 1986): 174–87, and (October–December 1986): 263–73. Digital image. Elizabeth Shown Mills, Historic Pathways - free. Accessed 29 December 2011.

Weisiger abstracted a valuable source that includes deed, will, and marriage information about Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy residents:

  • Weisiger, Benjamin B. Burned County Data 1809-1848 As Found in the Virginia Contested Election Files. Richmond, Va., 1986. FHL Book 975.5 P2w.[5]

Buckingham County Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Buckingham County Virginia Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

  • Dorman, John Frederick. "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Buckingham County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1962):121-124. Available at American Ancestors ($).
  • Peebles, Anne Bradbury. "Buckingham County, Virginia, and the Southern Parts of Early Albemarle," Special Aids to Genealogical Research on Southern Families. National Genealogical Society Special Publications, No. 15, Washington, D.C., 1962.
  • Whitley, Edythe Rucker. Genealogical Records of Buckingham County, Virginia. Dayton, Ohio, 1984.

African American

Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy cohabitation records are available online.

Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872

Heinegg, Paul. "Buckingham County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1826," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

  • Moore, Caroline Tiedeman. "Payne Family Bible, Buckingham County, Virginia, and Micapony, Florida," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 18, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1974):304. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • Stinson, Hubert M. "Harris-Stinson-Carter-Wood-Branch Bible Record, Buckingham County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1980):41-43. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county
Findagrave.com Family History Library Findagrave.com
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Virginia Gravestones
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Buckingham County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Buckingham County: [6]

  • Allen Cemetery
  • Ayers Cemetery
  • Bethel Cemetery
  • Bethlehem Cemetery
  • Bettie Cemetery
  • Branch Cemetery
  • Buckingham Community Cemetery
  • Cornerstone Cemetery
  • County Cemetery
  • Enon Cemetery
  • Fork Union Cemetery
  • Gold Mine Cemetery
  • Hale Cemetery
  • Hubbard Cemetery
  • Mann Cemetery
  • Mount Nebo Cemetery
  • Mourning Valley Cemetery
  • Mulberry Grove Cemetery
  • Newton Cemetery
  • Rocky Mount Cemetery
  • Saint Joy Cemetery
  • Salem Cemetery
  • Shepherd Cemetery
  • Smyrna Cemetery
  • Thomas Cemetery
  • Trinity Cemetery
  • Wade Cemetery
  • Ward Cemetery
  • Whitlock Cemetery


For tips on accessing Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 9,779
1800 13,389 36.9%
1810 20,059 49.8%
1820 17,569 −12.4%
1830 18,351 4.5%
1840 13,837 −24.6%
1850 18,786 35.8%
1860 15,212 −19.0%
1870 13,371 −12.1%
1880 15,540 16.2%
1890 14,383 −7.4%
1900 15,266 6.1%
1910 15,204 −0.4%
1920 14,885 −2.1%
1930 13,315 −10.5%
1940 13,398 0.6%
1950 12,288 −8.3%
1960 10,877 −11.5%
1970 10,597 −2.6%
1980 11,751 10.9%
1990 12,873 9.5%
2000 15,623 21.4%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1850 Census

In 1850, census enumerators uncharacteristically recorded both the state and county of birth of residents of half of Buckingham County's population.[7]

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records


Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Buckingham (1771).[8] Records were published in 1993: FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 306.[9] Edwards published a membership list dated 1772 in Materials Towards a History of the Baptists... (1772), 83.
  2. Providence (1774)[8]
  3. State River (1805)[8]
  4. Union (1786)[8]
  5. Wreck Island (1784)[8]

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.

Buckingham County fell within the bounds of the Appomattox Association.

Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also Tillotson Parish

Meade's 1861 history of parishes in Buckingham County is available online.[10]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Early LDS converts with Buckingham County connections:

  • Kitchen



More than 150 genealogies have been published about Buckingham County families. To view a list, visit Buckingham County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.

Land and Property

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Local Histories

  • Whitley, Edythe Johns Rucker. Genealogical Records of Buckingham County, Virginia. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1984. Available at FHL; and World Vital Records ($).


Buckingham County


  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):113-118. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Buckingham County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 115.]


French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Buckingham County veterans; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Buckingham County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Buckingham County supplied soldiers for the:

- 6th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

Buckingham residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War.[11]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Buckingham County on page 129.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Buckingham County men served in the 24th and 100th Regiments.[12]

  • Douthat, James L. Roster of War of 1812, Southside, Virginia. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2007. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. FHL Collection 975.5 M2djL. [Includes Buckingham County.]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Buckingham County, p. 65.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 4th Regiment Virginia Cavalry, Company K.
- 20th Regiment Virginia Infantry, Col. E "Lee Guards," and Co. F "Buckingham Institute Guard."[13]
- 21st Regiment Virginia Infantry, Co. E "Buckingham Leaches."[14]
- 44th Regiment Virginia Infantry, Co. C "Travis Rifles."[15]
- 56th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Buckingham Yancey Guards)[16]
- 57th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Buckingham Institute).[17]

Records and histories are available, see:

Miscellaneous Records

Naturalization and Citizenship


The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Probate Records

  • Hopkins, William Lindsay. Some Wills from the Burned Counties of Virginia and Other Wills Not Listed in Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800. Richmond, Virginia: W.L. Hopkins, 1987. Available at FHL. [Includes Buckingham County.]
  • King, George Harrison Sanford. "Will of Joseph Cabell, Buckingham County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1971):298-302. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).

Online Probate Records


How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • 1764-1792 - Crouse, Randy F. McNew "Personal Property Tax Lists of Buckingham County Virginia , Vol. 1, 1764-1792, Randy F. McNew Crouse 2017. 450 pages. Available at Lulu ($) and FHL Comprehensive transcription of all extant tithe and personal property tax lists for Buckingham County, Virginia from its formation in 1761 through 1792. Includes 1764, 1773-4, 1782-1792. All white males over the age of 16 are named, slaves over the age of 12 (often named), carriages, horses, cattle and acres of land (some years). Transcribed records are ordered as they appear in the tax list and and ordered alphabetically in a 160 page index section. Includes an introduction and guide to use, a table and graph to summarize statistics and appendices.
  • 1764 - Warren, Mary Bondurant and Eve Bondurant Warren Weeks. Virginia's District Courts, 1789-1809: Records of the Prince Edward District: Buckingham, Charlotte, Cumberland, Halifax, and Prince Edward Counties: (Wills to 1829, Deeds to 1816). Danielsville, Georgia: Heritage Papers, 1991. Available at FHL. Buckingham County tithables list, 1764 (found in the loose case papers).
  • 1764 - Warren, Mary Bondurant et al. Buckingham County, Virginia, Church and Marriage Records, 1764-1822. Athens, Ga.: Heritage Papers, 1993. FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 306.
  • 1773-1774 - Buckingham County, Virginia Tithables, 1773-1774. Original records, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia; also available on microfilm at FHL.
  • 1773-1774 - Woodson, Robert F. and Isobel B. Woodson. Virginia Tithables from Burned Record Counties: Buckingham, 1773-1774; Gloucester, 1770-1771, 1774-1775; Hanover, 1763 and 1770; James City, 1768-1769; Stafford, 1768 and 1773. Richmond, Virginia: I.B. Woodson, 1970. Available at FHL.
  • 1782 - Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Online at FamilySearch - free; FHL. 1782 personal property tax list of Buckingham County.
  • 1782-1826 - Heinegg, Paul. "Buckingham County Personal Property Tax List 1782-1826," Free African Americans.com, available online. Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.
  • 1787 - Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Buckingham County is included in Vol. 1.
  • 1787 - Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1977):113-118. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Buckingham County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on p. 115.
  • 1788, 1800 - Indexed images of the 1788 and 1800 Personal Property Tax Lists of Buckingham County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • 1800 - "Buckingham County, Virginia 1800 Tax List," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1968):114-118; Vol. 12, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1968):162-168; Vol. 13, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1969):23-27. Available at New England Ancestors ($).
  • 1815 - Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. The source for this publication is the 1815 land tax. Buckingham County is included in Vol. 1.

Vital Records

Indexes to Buckingham County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Buckingham County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Buckingham County Virginia Genealogy Websites

Buckingham County Virginia Genealogy References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Buckingham County, Virginia. Page 711 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia Contributors, "Buckingham County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckingham_County,_Virginia, accessed 12 January 2012.
  3. Burned Record Counties (VA-NOTES). (n.d.). Library of Virginia. Retrieved October 1, 2009, from http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/va22_burnedco.htm.
  4. Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 2, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April 2014).
  5. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Burned County Data 1809-1848," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1987):60-61.
  6. USGS Map, Topozone.com
  7. John Frederick Dorman, "Review of Buckingham County, Virginia, 1850 United States Census," in The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 29, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1985):64. FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985); digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 272. Digital version at Google Books.
  9. Mary Bondurant Warren, Buckingham County, Virginia, Church and Marriage Records, 1764-1822 (Athens, Ga.: Heritage Papers, 1993). FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 306.
  10. William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers and Families of Virginia, 2 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Co., 1861). Digital versions at Internet Archive: Vol. I and Vol. II.
  11. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 26. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  12. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 59. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  13. G.L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 20th and 39th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 105.
  14. Susan A. Riggs, 21st Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1991). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 72.
  15. Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.
  16. William A. Young Jr. and Patricia C. Young, 56th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 63.
  17. Charles W. Sublett, 57th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 21.