Buchanan County, Virginia Genealogy

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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Buchanan County

Southwest Virginia county.

Location of Buchanan County, Virginia
Buchanan County Boundary Map

County Courthouse

Buchanan County Courthouse, Grundy, Va.


President James Buchanan (1791-1868)

The county was named after President James Buchanan (1791-1868), who was in office at the time of the county's formation.

Parent County

1858--Buchanan County was created 13 February 1858 from Russell and Tazewell Counties.
County seat: Grundy [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties



For a more detailed description, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Buchanan County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Buchanan County: [2]

  • Adams Cemetery
  • Altizer Cemetery
  • Austin Cemetery
  • Bailey Cemetery
  • Baldwin Cemetery
  • Ball Cemetery
  • Barton Cemetery
  • Belcher Cemetery
  • Blankenship Cemetery
  • Boyd Cemetery
  • Breeding Cemetery
  • Brown Cemetery
  • Burke Cemetery
  • Cantrell Cemetery
  • Clark Cemetery
  • Cole Cemetery
  • Coleman Cemetery
  • Combs Cemetery
  • Compton Cemetery
  • Cook Cemetery
  • Cooper Cemetery
  • Davis Cemetery
  • Day Cemetery
  • Deel Cemetery
  • Dotson Cemetery
  • Fletcher Cemetery
  • Hale Cemetery
  • Harris Cemetery
  • Helton Cemetery
  • Horne Cemetery
  • Hurley Cemetery
  • Jackson Cemetery
  • Johnson Cemetery
  • Justice Cemetery
  • Kaiser Cemetery
  • Keen Cemetery
  • Knob Cemetery
  • Lester Cemetery
  • Little Josie Cemetery
  • Looney Cemetery
  • Looney Creek Cemetery
  • Lowe Cemetery
  • Martin Cemetery
  • May Cemetery
  • McClanahan Cemetery
  • McGlothin Cemetery
  • McGlothlin Cemetery
  • Mitchell Cemetery
  • Mounts Cemetery
  • Mullins Cemetery
  • Nuckles Cemetery
  • Owens Cemetery
  • Presley Cemetery
  • Quinn Cemetery
  • Ramey Cemetery
  • Ratliff Cemetery
  • Rife Cemetery
  • Rose Cemetery
  • Runyan Cemetery
  • Shortridge Cemetery
  • Smith Cemetery
  • Sparks Cemetery
  • Stacy Cemetery
  • Stevens Cemetery
  • Stevenson Cemetery
  • Stewart Cemetery
  • Stiltner Cemetery
  • Stinson Cemetery
  • Street Cemetery
  • Tiller Cemetery
  • Ward Cemetery
  • White Cemetery
  • Whitt Cemetery
  • Wimmer Cemetery


Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 2,793
1870 3,777 35.2%
1880 5,694 50.8%
1890 5,867 3.0%
1900 9,692 65.2%
1910 12,334 27.3%
1920 15,441 25.2%
1930 16,740 8.4%
1940 31,477 88.0%
1950 35,748 13.6%
1960 36,724 2.7%
1970 32,071 −12.7%
1980 37,989 18.5%
1990 31,333 −17.5%
2000 26,978 −13.9%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1860 Agricultural Census
  • Weaver, Jeffrey C. The 1860 Agriculture Ceneus [sic] of Buchanan County, Virginia. Clintwood, Virginia: Mullins Printing, 1992. Available at FHL.

1890 Union Veterans




It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]

As of November 2010, a query for individuals born in Buchanan, Virginia at World Connect, results in more than 35,000 entries.

Buchanan County, Virginia Surnames (courtesy: Linkpendium) contains links to more than a dozen online resources about this county's families, including compiled genealogies.

Compiled genealogies treating multiple families in Buchanan County include:

  • Atkins, Oscar T. Buchanan County, Virginia, Families 1860. Williamson, West Virginia: East Kentucky/Southern W.Va. Family Records, 1997. FHL Collection ["Taken in part from the federal census of Buchanan County, Virginia, for 1860, ... and from tax lists, from other census records, marriage records, and from the library and files of the compiler."--T.p.]
  • Sutherland, Elihu Jasper. Some Sandy Basin Characters. 1962; reprint, Clintwood, Va.: Hettie Sutherland, 1985. FHL Collection
  • [Colley] Boardman, Elizabeth Joye Mabe. Thomas Colley Family: Russell County, Virginia; Washington County, Virginia; Dickenson County, Virginia; Buchanan County, Virginia; Smyth County, Virginia. [Palm Coast, Florida]: J. Boardman, 2001. FHL Collection; digital version at BYU Family History Archives.
  • [Cox] Large, Alice Cox. John Dawson and Arminta Stacy Cox and Related Families: Virginia, Kentucky, Washington. Atascadero, California: A.C. Large, 1995. FHL Collection
  • [Fuller] Wilcox, Roxie Hammill. Some Fullers of Buchanan and Dickenson Counties in Virginia: And Their Descendants. Portland, Oregon: R.H. Wilcox, 1977. FHL Collection
  • [Fuller] Stanley, Gayle Fuller. Mountain Legacy: 200 Hundred Year History of One Family Line in Southwest Virginia. Clinchco, Virginia: G.F. Stanley, 1996. FHL Collection
  • [Looney] Coler, Jack. Our Ratliff - Looney Heritage. Rogers, Arkansas: J. Coler, 1988. FHL Collection
  • [Matney] Coler, Jack. Our Matney Heritage. [Rogers, Arkansas: J. Coler], 1988. FHL Collection
  • [Owens] Owens, Jane E. Colton. Owens Family: and Related Families. San Diego, Calif.: J.B. Owens, 1989. FHL Collection
  • [Stacy] See Cox.


Local Histories

  • Schwab, W.G. The Forests of Buchanan County, Virginia. Charlottesville, Va., 1918. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).



War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Buchanan County, p. 65.]



Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Buchanan County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1962):81-82. Available at New England Ancestors ($).


Vital Records


  • Stewart, Jesse. Early Deaths, Buchanan County, Virginia, 1858-1896. [Grundy, Virginia: J. Stewart, 1990]. Available at FHL.

Societies and Libraries



  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. USGS Map, Topozone.com