Buchanan County, Missouri Genealogy

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 United States  > Missouri > Buchanan County

County Courthouse

Buchanan County Courthouse in St. Joseph, MissouriAn order was made to erect the first courthouse for Buchanan County, Missouri on 04 January 1841.  The building was to be completed by July 1841.  The site of the first county seat was in the village of Sparta.[1]
  1. History of Buchanan County, Missouri Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns,etc., (St. Joseph, Missouri: St. Joseph Steam Printing Compnay, 1881).
 The contractor who built the simple courthouse was Guilford Moultray and the men, who made the initial plans for the building were George W. Nixon and William Fowler.  This building was a temporary structure.  On 09 November 1842 the County Court approved a second order for a more permanent structure.  This order was for a court house to be built in Sparta which was near the center of Buchanan County, however, there was discension concerning this location.  The residents who lived in the larger town of St. Joseph which was platted in 1843 were vying for the courthouse to be moved to this city.  They presented a petition with the signatures of more than 3/5 of the tax-payers of the county requesting that the county seat be moved to St. Joseph and the new courthouse be built there instead of the more central village of Sparta.  On 04 July 1843 a report drafted by three men, who were appointed as commissioners by the Justices of the County Court was filed with the State of Missouri stating that an election should be held on 05 August 1843 to decide the permanent location of the county seat.  Residents of each township were to decide if the new courthouse should be built in what is now St. Joseph, but at that time was known as Blacksnake Hills.[1]
  1. History of Buchanan County, Missouri Containing a History of the County, Its Cities, Towns,etc., (St. Joseph, Missouri: St. Joseph Steam Printing Compnay, 1881).
  It took the residents about three years to make the final decision to move the courthouse. The site of the new courthouse was donated by Joseph Robidoux. 

History

Parent County

1838--Buchanan County was created 31 December 1838 from the Platte Purchase. County seat: St. Joseph [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Cemeteries

Church

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • St. Joseph

Court

Land

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Newspapers

Probate

Taxation

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries 

Web Sites

  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • Family History Library Catalog

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).