Broome County, New York Genealogy

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This article is about a southern tier New York county. For other uses, see Broome

United States go to New York go to Broome County

This page describes sources of genealogical data about Broome County, New York Genealogy families, including links to smaller localities at the bottom of this page. New York-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

Broome County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Broome County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Founded March 28, 1806
County Seat Binghamton
Address Broome County Office Building
44 Hawley Street
PO Box 1766
Binghamton, NY 13902-1766
Broome County Website

Historical Facts

Your Home Library, Johnson City, Broome, New York.

Broome County is named for Lt. Gov. John Broome.

Parent County

28 March 1806: Created from Tioga County.[1]

Neighboring Counties

Chenango · Cortland · Delaware · Tioga · Pennsylvania Counties: Bradford · Susquehanna · Wayne[2]

NY Broome map.png

Boundary Changes

1822: A portion of Broome County was returned to Tioga County.

Record Loss


Bible Records

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry– ($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.


Business Records and Commerce


Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories* Family History Library*** WorldCat* Tombstone Transcription Project*
Cemetery Site*   epodunk*
New York Gravestones*   Names in Stone*
Ancestry*   Billion Graves*
Billion Graves*    
Names in Stone*    
   *See the New York Cemeteries page for details about each site.


For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.

  • The 1890 Census is lost. For a substitute, see Directories.

U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[3]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42.
Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Family History Library FHL, Index Yes - Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
FamilySearch Historical Records - - - - Yes Yes Yes Yes - -
New York State Library film - Yes - Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes - - - - - - Yes Yes - Yes Yes

New York State 1865 and 1875 Census Marriage, Mortality; and 1865 Soldier Mortality records:

  • Images available online at New York State Census, 1865 and New York State Census, 1875. Click on the link to go to the page, then click on the ‘Browse through images’ link and select your county, then select an ancestor's town and browse to the end of the population schedule until you find the Marriage, Mortality, and 1865 soldier mortality schedules.
  • Includes marriages and deaths for the 12 months prior to the census, ending 1 June of the census year.
  • Marriage entry content: Husband's name, wife's name, ages and previous marital status, month and day and place of marriage, and church or civil ceremony.
  • Death entry content: Name, age, sex, color, marital status, month and day of death, native state or country, occupation and cause of death.
  • 1865 deaths of officers and enlisted men entry content: Name, age, marital status, citizenship status, enlistment date, original regiment, original rank, regiment at death, rank at death, promotions, death date and place, manner of death, surviving associates, and burial place.
  • Also on microfilm. See the Family History Library line in the above State Census Chart.

Church Records

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.

Ann Mensch's Local Catholic Church and Family History & Genealogical Research Guide is a free online resource that identifies the parishes of Broome County, years parishes were created, contact information, as well as links to online records and research tips. Broome County parishes fall under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Syracuse.

Additional Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Broome County, New York Genealogy Church Records  in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.


Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups



  • Rootsweb message board for Broome County, New York Genealogy has many information threads about families that resided in that county. There is a search engine that allows you to search by surname and topic.


Additional Resources:

Broome County, New York History

Genealogical Resources: History of Broome County towns and various historical events.

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New York Land and Property for more details, especially about the papers generated in New York State by large speculative land companies.

Original land records in Broome County, New York Genealogy began in [?dateyear?]. These records are housed at the [?repository?] in [?town?].




Additional land records can sometimes be found using these catalogs:

Additional resources

Additional resources for Broome County, New York Genealogy land records may be found in the Broome County, New York Genealogy – Land Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche may be available for viewing at various Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.




Civil War

Town registers. The New York town clerks kept a bound register of all soldiers from their town serving in the Civil War 1861-1865. Registers are arranged by county, and town. Some town registers are missing. The registers include an index at the start of each town.

Content. Many register entries include full name, residence, date and place of birth, parents names, marital status, date of enlistment and muster and rank, discharges, death, or promotion.

Access. The original registers are at the New York State Archives in Albany, New York. Microfilm copies are found at the Family History Library (FHL Film 1993401-37). They are also indexed and available at ($).

Available towns. Registers are available for: Barker · Binghamton · Chenango · Colesville · Conklin · Kirkwood · Lisle · Maine · Nanticoke · Port Crane · Sanford · Triangle · Union · Vestal · Windsor.

Regiments. Service men in Broome County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Broome County:[4]

- 27th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 89th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 90th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 109th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 124th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 137th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 155th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 161st Regiment, New York Infantry
- 168th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 179th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 194th Regiment, New York Infantry

Naturalization and Citizenship

SAMPUBCO Index of naturalization records


Old Fulton NY Post Cards has the largest online collection of 400 New York 1795-2007 newspapers. The instructions for this quirky site are needed to get the most out of it.

Old Fulton NY Post Cards has the following Broome County, New York Genealogy newspaper images:

  • Binghamton NY Broome Republican 1828-1909
  • Binghamton NY Phoenix 1815-1816 
  • Binghamton NY Press 1904-1969 
  • Johnson City NY Endicott Record 1915-1921 
  • Union NY Union News 1857-1923 



Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Probate Records

Probate records including original estates and wills for New York are held in the office of the county Surrogate Court beginning in 1787, or when the county was formed. Prior to 1787, most are housed at the New York State Archives. See New York Probate Records for more information about using probate records.
Content:  Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types:  Wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distribution.

Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 57.

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the county Surrogate Court.

Online Probate Indexes

Online Probate Records

Original county-by-county New York, Probate Records, 1629-1971 are available free online at FamilySearch. To access these records, click Historical Records below, then click "Browse through 1,630,900 images". Then select the county name, and then the probate records and time of interest.

  • Historical Records - Broome County: Administration accounts, Executor accounts, 1830-1854; Administration decrees, Administration orders, 1897-1903; Decrees, Minutes, Orders, 1806-1910; Decrees, Orders, 1871-1901; Estate index (Decedents), 1806-1951; Final settlements, 1874-1883; Guardianship records, 1830-1917; Judicial settlements, 1883-1894; Letters of administration, 1879-1912; Letters testamentary, 1860-1912; Letters, Decrees, Orders, 1851-1879; Minutes, 1882-1888; Probate records, 1846; Probate records, 1876-1878; Settlements, 1894-1902; Wills & Administrations, 1806-1881; Wills, 1881-1906

Probate Records on Microfilm

The probate records described above also may be among those on microfilm including:

Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Broome County, New York Genealogy probate wills in online catalogs like:


Cornell University, Guide to Historical Resources in Broome County, New York Repositories. ([Ithaca, New York]: New York Historical Resources Center, Olin Library, Cornell University, 1984). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.775 A3. Includes index. Includes references to some family histories and genealogies.

Archives, Libraries, and Museums


Broome County Library
185 Court Street
Binghamton, New York 13901
Phone: 607-778-6400
Hours: Monday - Thursday 9 am - 8 pm
Friday - Saturday 9 am - 5 pm

The Local History and Genealogy Center is located in this facility which had many resources for genealogical research.

Steele Memorial Library
East Church Street
Elmira, New York 14901
Phone: 607-733-8602
Hours: Monday - Thursday 9 am - 9 pm
Friday - Saturday 9 am - 5 pm
Sunday 1 - 5 pm
Closed Saturday and Sunday May 30 - September 30.

Although this library is not technically in Broome County, it has an impressive genealogical collection and is only an hour from Binghamton. To see a summary of the collection see the Broome County, New York USGenWeb site.

Binghamton University Libraries
Glenn G. Bartle Library
P.O. Box 6012
Vestal Parkway East
Binghamton, NY 13902-6012
Phone for Reference Desk: 607-777-2345
Hours:Monday - Friday 10 am - 4 pm during Fall and Spring semesters.
Hours vary during intersessions and in the summer
It is advisable to contact Special Collections in advance to discuss request.

The Glenn G. Bartle Library houses Special Collections which includes Civil War Collections and numerous private collections and papers.
County Historian's Office

Broome County Historian
Gerald R. Smith, Historian
2nd Floor
Broome County Public Library
185 Court Street
Binghamton, NY 13901
Phone: 607.778.2076
Fax: 607-778-6249

The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.


The County Clerk's office has marriage, naturalization, divorce, court, land and state census records. The Surrogate Court has probate records. For further information about where the records for Broome County are held, see the Broome County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FHC for Broome County, New York Genealogy is the Vestal New York Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.


Broome County Historical Society
185 Court Street
Binghamton, New York 13901
Phone: 607-772-2982

The Broome County Historical Society participates with USGenWeb and has many online resources including biographic/family, church, census, military, land records and other miscellaneous data.
The Society is also involved in a cooperative effort with the Broome County Historian and Broome County Public Library to provide a research center at the Broome County Local History and Genealogy Center.

Southern Tier Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 680
Vestal, NY 13850

STGS is dedicated to the pursuit of family history and genealogical research and meets the first Thursday evening at 7 pm April - October at the Vestal Public Library at 320 Vestal Parkway, Vestal, New York. The society has a newsletter which is published three times a year with news and articles to help in genealogical research. The website includes a list of the local Broome county, town and village historians , town clerks and local libraries, historical societies and family history centers.

Central New York Genealogical Society[6]
Box 104, Calvin Station
Syracuse, New York 13205

Member queries; surname research list; online resources; six meetings/year; publication: Tree Talks (At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 B2t) quarterly with annual index.
Counties served: Albany, Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Chemung, Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Erie, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Genesee, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Montgomery, Niagara, Oneida, Onondaga, Ontario, Orange, Oreleans, Oswego, Otsego, Rensselaer, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins, Washington, Wayne, Warren, Wyoming, and Yates.

Social Groups Online


Town Records

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. Vital records from 1880/1882 are kept by town and village clerks, although some (Kent’s and Putnam Valley’s) are available in the County Historian’s Office. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

The County Archives has the following records:

  • 031 Petitions, Licenses, and recognizance to sell liquor (Tavern licenses) 1813-1878
  • 139 Monthly Reports of Hunting and fishing licenses, 1908-1938
  • 165 Certificates of Qualifications as Examiner in Lunacy, 1883-1947

Vital Records

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.


Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

Birth Substitutes

  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for birth information.

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. The marriages in this county were recorded by the county clerk from 1908 until 1935.[7]

Marriage Substitutes

  • 1800–1855 New York Marriage Notices at Ancestry– ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage notices published in newspapers around the state. Contains name of bride and groom, marriage date, marriage location, residence, and newspaper found in.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Marriage Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for marriage information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.


All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.


All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.


All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.


Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

Death Substitutes

  • 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 See Mortality Schedule information in the Federal Census section of Census for death information.
  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for death information.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Mortality Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for death information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Broome County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, Broome– Vital Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers




  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook, 478.
  3. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  4. Frederick Phisterer, compiler. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861 to 1865 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  5. About Abstracts of Wills, Admins. and Guardianships in NY State, 1787-1835 at New York Ancestors, accessed 8 December 2011,
  6. Central New York Genealogical Society at (accessed 1 November 2011).
  7. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488-493. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.